Psalm 19 (1-7); “The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handiwork. Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge. There is no speech nor language where their voice is not heard. Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun. Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race. His going forth is from the end of heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it; and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof ”.


i – LEYLINES/energy grids/nets  – theorists 2OthC Watkins; Michell; Critchlow.Robin and Richard Heath.

East/antiquity myths of dragon/ serpent lines (as in acupuncture) – China; India; Buddhist; NativeAmerican;

 S.American myth; Cuzco/Golden Rod.

Omphalos points, Sumer,Egypt, Israel, Greece – Zeus and eagles.Resurgence of dowsing.

Subconscious/instinctive centrestune into – water, minerals,ley-lines,powerlines,etc etc.

Instinctive survival awarenessof humans and animals. The Delphic Oracles; ‘pythonesses’;

subterranean Earth energies; dolphins in Greek mythology and modernity.

ii- Geoffrey of Monmouth/ Troy, andBrutus/Delphi/England – London; Trinovantum

 iii – England’s leylines ; (all measurements are from the points shown below).

1-Land’s End to Gt Yarmouth.

Cornwall;Dartmoor; stone rows and circles (1 & 0); rivers from Dartmoor centre; Glastonbury Tor;Avebury;Silbury Hill;W.Kennet longbarrows; stone avenues, the Sanctuary;Harwell; Didcot; Little Wittenham/ Sinodun hill-fort; Ivinghoe Beacon; Whipsnade lion; Wandlebury; Bury St Edmonds cathedral; Great Yarmouth.

2 – Isle of Wight – Holy Isle Lindisfarne,Northumbria.

      Portsmouth; Aldermaston AWE/Greenham Common; Didcot centre; Oxford; Derby; Sheffield; Barnsley;

      Wakefield; Leeds; Harrogate; Fountain’s Abbey; Newcastle/ Silver Lonnen Roman site; Holy Isle of Lindisfarne, Northumbria.  

3 – Holy Isle, Anglesey – Hastings.

Anglesey/St Seiriol/St Cybi; Caernavon; Snowdonia;Gloucester/Malvern; White Leafed Oak; Didcot centre;

Long Man of Wilmington;Los Alamos/Thin Man; Two of Wands; ‘Dominion’;Peverell bay,Hastings; Norman invasion in 1066; Domesday  Book and Bayeux Tapestry.

miles / kilometres

  Land’s End/ Sennen Bay  – ctr – Gt Yarmouth  ; ab 222.88  / 358.61

    bc 143.47  / 230.84

      ac 366.35/ 589.45

  Holy Isle of Lindisfarne- ctr – Isle of White; ab 281.30/ 452.61

bc 65.14 / 104.81

ac 346.44/ 557.42

  Holy Isle of Anglesey   – ctr – Hastings     ; ab 186.39/  299.9

     bc 88.18 /141.88

       ac 274.57/441.78


Didcot centre;

LINE 1:Land’s End,Cornwall– Great Yarmouth,Norfolk.

        * Sennen Bay / St Michaels Mount / Cornubian Batholith. Cornish quoits.

        * DARTMOOR; MaryTavy,StMichaels church BrenTor. Stone circles /rows – 1 and O.

        * SirNormanLockyer study of rows/circles of Dartmoor (1896) & Stonehenge/Avebury…

        * Yin &Yang and binary code; Willhelm Leibniz;I-Ching; FuHsi& NaKua – the Nagas.

        * links to Sumer; Enki,entwined serpent diagram. DNA/I-Ching link.Modern symbol

          of medicine/rod of Asclepius/ caduceus.

        * Rivers of Devon– line passes directly through 2miles² areaon Dartmoor, source of nine major rivers.

        * Belstone Tor circle & Cosdon beacon stone row/NineStones circle.

        * GLASTONBURY Tor;world energy centre. Jesus. Sufis / New Age predictions.

        * AVEBURY/Silbury Hill/ UNESCO World Heritagesite/West Kennet Longbarrow,Beckhampton Avenue.

The SANCTUARY/ further barrows/neolithic ground-plans according to earth’s energy-grid and leylines.

          Sacred sites, and sacred architecture; omphalos points on lines channelling the ‘powers of the sun’.The

Ridgeway trailhead.

*HARWELL Atomic Energy Centre; world research centres for atomic weapons/energy/fusion/physics/ astronomy/ and their geometric connections to Giza Prime Meridian and each other; Harwell, Oak Ridge, Los Alamos, Trinity test-site; the first atomic detonation; Oppenheimer, the Bhagavad-Gita; Time as ‘destroyer of worlds’; Entropy; Gurdjieff/Ouspensky – Ray of Creation. Kurchatov/Moscow; Synchronicities around the cosmic# value of 777, solar number; Cagliostro; creation of Memphis-Misraim freemasonry c.1777; 18th/19th century French and English interest in the Great Pyramid, Giza and Egypt; Napoleon’s invasion; Rosetta Stone; United States after Independence, George Washington and his statue; Washington, Will.Franklin, and Will.Temple Franklin born 2.22 !; Paris, Benjamin Franklin, the Nine Sisters Lodge, the committee on hypnotism; the great chemist Lavoisier; Pierre Samuel and Eleuthere du Pont; US Dollar Bill designs with pyramid, 1935, and 1778! Obelisks; Egyptian symbols of Sun and fertility;quartz crystal; the Washington Monument, (cosmic #)555 feet height. The obelisk marking the Trinity test-site.

*Didcot centre;


*Little Wittenham; Sinodunhill-fort/Phipoint of line(+0.8ms); iron age hill-fort/settlement,

PaulNash/ the ‘pyramidsof England’. Little Wittenham; OX14 4RA;

Culham Centre nuclear fusion; the ‘Bell’; post-WW II rush for rocket/ nuclear scientists; V1& V2 rockets; Matthew 11.12 – ‘the kingdom of heaven is taken by men of violence’

        * Bedfordshire,Ivinghoe Beacon/ the Ridgeway. Lion of the ground; Whipsnade.

        * Bury St Edmonds cathedral. Sacred sites, the druids and the builders of the cathedrals.

* Great Yarmouth, Norfolk.

LINE 2:Isle of Wight – Lindisfarne, Northumberland.

        * Portsmouth – centre of naval power during 16-19th centuries.

        *Aldermaston Atomic Weapons Est/ Greenham Common air-base/forensic seismology.Didcot.

        * Oxford – University – world centre of learning. 51.74°N, (ie angle of the Great Pyramid, and

          32.38°W of Giza (ie 1/11.11 of world circumference). The Sumerian King Lists; WB62 (the

Ashmolean Museum); the Book of Enoch(Bodleian Library); discovered by James Bruce,1774

        * Roman finds at Chipping Warden/Stoke Mandeville along HS2 etc.

        * Derby,

        * Sheffield– Sheffield Cathedral.

        * Barnsley

        * Wakefield

        * Leeds– central W.Yorkshire city for Industrial Revolution and modern-day financial services.

        * Harrogate– spa town.

        * Fountain’s Abbey.Bernard of Clairvaux and the Cistercians.

        * Newcastle– Hadrians Wall/ Roman sites; Silver Lonnen roundabout.

        * Lindisfarne–line/ stream name etymology;healing place.

 LINE 3: Holy Isle, Holyhead,Wales– Pevensey Bay,Hastings:

        * Holyhead; St Cybi’s Roman fort/ Christian church; St Seiriol. Anglesey’s stone circles, dolmens,

          menhirs, barrows etcetera.

        *Caernavon/Menai Straits

        * Mount Snowdon.

        *Malvern, Gloucestershire; Didcot.

        * The Long Man of Wilmington– 2 of Wands– Dominion

        * Pevensey Bay– Norman invasion of 1066– Domesday Book.

          A comet and a ‘new era in history’.

         * Appendices and notes.

         * Readers’ posts.

Throughout the researches encountered during the writingof this website, there have been many areas of study which haveyielded some quite remarkable results and insights… largely because there are so many intriguing aspects to all the relatedphenomena that together constitute the subject of Cosmic #.

So this chapter contains references to many phenomenon, concepts and ideas from throughouthistory which though unproven are worthy of study;  the research areas of ley-lines, energy field structures/ geopathic zones (Curry/Hartmannnets/ Schumann wavesetc), dowsing; and‘higher-dimensional gates’ (or ‘omphalos’/navel points in the land) to name some of the most immediately relevant;raise some incredible questions, which ultimately link to the intrinsic aspects of the subject; areas including physics, maths, geology, geometry, music and the octave, the physiology of the human body, organic life-processes, environmental factors in human growth, and so on.

Whether it is across the land and sea masses of the world,or within individual countries, a great deal of (perhaps variable)research and thought has been put into the subject of how (cosmic) energies traverse and vitalize the Earth, especially since the 1960’s when ‘new-age’ thinking carried forward the ancient/ Eastern knowledge of such matters, (clearly indicated in the Egyptian*, Sumerian, Hebrew/ Christian, Greek, Indian, and Chinese civilizations also. Islam too has great awareness of the geometric relationships within the cosmos and the world);and this influx of new thinking and informationenergised the search for ways of understanding energy lines/paths/meridians.

*As an example, does the ancient belief system which sited Giza and the Sphinx (symbol of the ordered cosmos, and solar energies)at 30° North, and the precise ‘centre’ of the world’s land-masses,with the latter looking directly East along the 30th Parallel towards the rising Sun (signifying the solar energies which vitalize the earth along geometric telluric pathways, explaining both the ‘serpent’ and ‘lion’ metaphors for such – hence the Sphinx is the ‘lion of the ground’, as the serpent in Gilgamesh is also called), strike the modern observer as theresult of ‘primitive’early attempts of humans to worship Nature and the sun?Or rather more believably, as a sophisticated example of ‘cosmic consciousness’, given they were designed and set in stone, with immense and still unexplained skill and construction methods, virtually 5000 years ago–before any books even existed for mankind?In other words it may be proposed that these and many other examples were the foundation of the correctly based paths of study of ‘reality’ which eventually gave rise to (western) science; in this estimation the highest examples of the ‘wisdom’ of antiquity were based upon levels of consciousness rooted in a deep understanding of reality, or what Gurdjieff calls ‘objective science’.  Whether these examples of wisdom (at Giza in particular) came from the human designers/ builders’ minds– or alternative ‘higher-dimensional’ sources is a matter of opinion and continued debate.

Likewise the very longstanding and refined ideas of energy (serpent-) lines traversing the earth – which the Chinese have long known as ‘dragon-lines’ (lung mei, or long xian) – effectively the same as the meridians which Chinese martial arts state exist to direct energy through the body (on a finer level of materiality than the nervous system). The Sumerians,Egyptians,Hebrews, Greeks,Romans,Chinese,Indians,Native American Indiansand virtually all positive cultures of early civilization held similar essential beliefs regarding the life-forces of the world, as this website has shown in the various sections, (and will be posting more articles on later this year). For example, the Greek/Egyptian/ Indian/Sumerian examples of world-navels, depicted by deities or ‘angels’ with ‘measuring cords’ or cords of support, at points marked by two omphalos stones. Likewise the deities holding a Shen ring (Egypt) or a rod-and-ring (Sumer etc) to show their role to be concerned with measuring, and protecting the earth, and civilization.

Orthe Hebrew version of the same concept, the Well of Seven (Beersheba) being a heaven-earth ladder (ie.higher-dimensional gateway) – with the concomitant sacred sites/concepts such as the Foundation Stone beneath the Temple Mount in Jerusalem (the city itself known since antiquity by the epithet ‘the centre of the world’), siting it directly over the cosmic waters of the Abyss  – very much a sophisticated conceptual paradigm for c.900Bc whereby the vitalizing ‘waters of the abyss’ (equivalent to the primal energies of the universe) transfer into this material dimension at certain points only. A similar sophistication is present within the repeated metaphors and encoded references concerning the law of Seven, or the Octave, within the Bible.

In myths of South America of the leading civilizations of the indigenous peoples prior to the Spanish invasion of Cortes and his men in 1519-1521, the god who founded civilization was known as Viracocha; to quote Zecharia Sitchin;

It was with that wand – a wand of gold – that all Andean legends of beginnings commence; on the shores of LakeTiticaca, at a place called Tiahuanaco. . . Viracocha, according to the Andean legends, was a god of heaven who had come to earth in great antiquity, choosing the Andes as his creative arena.

One of the versions regarding the Beginning was that the Creator of All, Viracocha arranged for four brothers and four sisters to roam the land and bring civilization to it’s primitive peoples; and one of these couples began kingship in Cuzco. The other version was that the great god at his base at Titicaca created this first royal couple as his children, and gave them an object made of gold. He told them to go north and build a city where the golden object would sink into the earth; the place where the miracle happened was at Cuzco”. (The Lost Realms, p.111-126).

 The golden object was in facta Wand, which may explain the depictions of gods, particularly Viracocha holding two rods, or a wand and a thunderbolt. . .

Sitchin notes the incredible feats of architecture and construction at the ancient city of Cuzco, and the presence within the walls of the Temple of the Sun of some stones of immense size; the style of this and other sacred citiesin South America is called Cyclopean, so incredible are the sizes of the strangely shaped and precisely joined stones; and with very few explanations of who built them or how they were built. Also of relevance is the Andean belief in antiquity that Cuzco was an omphalos-point of the world, in fact this is what the name Cuzco means.In this way it is an equivalent of many of the most important sites in the Old World. The myth of the eight men and women who began civilization is strangely parallel to the statement of Simon Peter that eight men and women survived the Flood in the Ark (1Peter 3.20 ); where Peter got that conception from is uncertain, as it is not found anywhere else in the Bible. And by coincidence, nearly all the civilizations of southern America likewise had myths of a Deluge, which lasted 60 days and nights, and eradicated nearly all of mankind, after which a new era was begun. As we shall see later, this symbol of a god or man holding two rods to his side has some curious resonances along the ley-lines of England.

One of the earliest 20th century studies of the proposed (intricate) connection throughout history between human roadways/routes and those of naturally existing energetic pathways, was ‘The Old Straight Track’ in 1925 by Albert Watkins, an English antiquarian and researcher; a book which popularized the subject among researchers and antiquarians. This book proposed the main lines and road-ways of historic Britain were straight line alignments between sites of great (energetic) significance; often hill-top sites through which great lines of vital energy stretched across the landscape, from horizon to horizon. In this way the entirety was a connected unity, reflective of underlying forces which shaped the land, as well as the hearts and minds of the people who then shaped the land also with their settlements and roads; creating in this way across time a form of perpetual feedback between earth and spirit.

 Study in the 1960’s, by such people as John Michell, Keith Critchlow, Alexander Thom and others, was to revisit  past and present ideas of metrology considered to have been calibrated to align the measures of the earth with the planet’s dimensions, and those of the sun, the moon, and the harmonic links between them. Hence the primacy of the irrational square roots of 2, 3 and 5 in sacred geometry, as well as the values of Pi and Phi, whether on the microcosmic or macrocosmic scale.

A key book in the Michael and Mary lines research story is the book published in 1989 by Hamish Miller and Paul Broadhurst on their experiences in Cornwall and Devon of dowsing on the St Michael ley. (‘The Sun and the Serpent’) They stated that their dowsing activities indicated the existence of two interweaving strands of earth-energy which crossed each other at many significant points upon their path, ie their axis of travel. Obviously, these pathways, and the key cross-over points were marked by churches dedicated to St Michael or Mary, as well as a host of other features, such as neolithic sites of great significance, as well as Christian edifices, such as cathedrals, abbeys and monasteries. The line which travels from Ireland through Cornwall, France, Switzerland, Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Israel has been called both a Michael line, and an Apollo line, as buildings sacred to both have been found upon the line. One of the first researchers to posit this ‘ground-plan’ through the nations of Europe and Asia linking sacred sites to (geometrically based) energy-lines was the French writer, Jean Richer, in the 1950’s and 60’s, who noted the alignment of several temples of Apollo, from Delos – Delphi – Athens.

 That energy fields blanket every square inch of the earth’s surface is indisputable by now.Whether they are ‘organized’ as Hartmann and Curry grids suggest is unproven. The difficulty in assessing and studying them is in isolating and describing their structure – for the energies involved are extremely ‘light’ in their ‘footprint’, or substantiality; these are literally the energies of the heavens, the higher dimensions, which the earth has received from outer sidereal space and galaxies,  the centre ofour galaxy, the Milky Way, and from our Sun, and the planets of the system. In other words these energy fields,and lines are how the Earth absorbs it’s energetic ‘foods’, and directs the products onwards, for use both within the world, and within the cosmos;in other words how the ‘living’ planet directs the received and refined/producedenergies of life-force as part of the Whole. Within the ‘common-cosmic system of universal reciprocal maintenance’(!), as Gurdjieff described it.

Modern researchers have proposed several forms of energy-fields around the planet; two of the most commonly accepted are those of the Hartmann Grid, and/or Curry Nets. Both are conjectured to form matrices across every square foot of the earth’s surface, at different angles; Hartmann fields are arrayed in North-South, and East-West matrices of around 2-3 metres each, while Curry grids are about 4-5 metres across, and run diagonal to this, extending from south-west to north-east, and north-west to south-east. (A pattern which effectively describes the 3 energy-lines which cross England.) It is also believed by some that where the two ‘nets’ meet can create both fields of positive, or negative energy. (See Thomas Saunders exposition of the theories involved, in The Boiled Frog, p48-9). Negative field points are called ‘geopathic stress zones’, and can differ greatly in size. One point Saunders makes is that it is often the conjunction of these natural energy fields with those which are the result of human activity which causes many sites of geopathic stress to occur; it is a fact that man-made electro-magnetic fields (EMF’s) are inimical to biological life, even in cases such as the fertility of soils. From electricity generators, and pylons, to mobile phones, televisions and power cables within walls of our homes and offices, such energy-fields can cause any number of ailments and illnesses, particularly cancer-related ones unfortunately. See the Boiled Frog for more detail on this. . .

And as Saunders also notes, many positive sites arise where geological fault lines occur, or in areas marked by a high mineral or crystalline geological content, such as granite with a high proportion of quartz (among others).

Hartmann Grid (c.2.5-3.0 metres) red/ Curry Grid (4-5 metres) green.

Many people have proposed the materiality of ‘ley-lines’, in Britain, and around the world. Researchers have ‘traced’ the tracks of these lines in many formations, according to personal beliefs…(a check online will show many different ideas of how Britain (and the world) is patterned with ley-lines;along with some sceptical (and amusing) proposals of arbitrary patterns.) 

Much consideration has been given to the (ancient) art of dowsing, as a way ofdiscovering the presence and route of such ‘serpent-lines’ across the landscape. Why? because the theory asserts that areas of high energy along such meridians are discoverable, using a variety of methods – most usually through dowsing, which involves seeing how the energy fields in any spot affect a sensitive ‘monitor’ such as a circling pendulum, or a wooden (hazel) stick or branch (or more modernly, a metal dowsing rod that is  Y-or L-shaped…) The slightest differences in field strength or direction are revealed through how the nervous system/ instinctive subconscious registers such changes, and communicates it through the nerves and muscles etcetera of the arms and hands.

 Dowsing has an incredibly long history, based upon the need to discover subterranean water-sources (these again!), and is effected by connecting the subconscious/instinctive centres of the dowserwith the energy fields such features create. Water courses especially subterranean ones are believed to create an electromagnetic field through their continual action, a characteristic which has led to many ‘sacred’ buildings being located over such features. In the Bible many events of a mystical or celestial character take place at wells, brooks, streams, lakes, rivers and seas. . !And these are often key events; for instance the Well of Seven, Beersheba is where Jacob dreams of a ladder stretching between heaven and earth (Genesis 28.11-22)– then receives God’s blessings – and upon waking consecrates a stone as a marker of the event and place. This may be seen to be as significant a narrative (in it’s symbolic representation) of the creation of sacred sites throughout the world in antiquity, and why it is done. The place is called Bethel, or ‘house of God’, and as the Bible states, in earlier times was known as ‘Luz’– which in antiquity held meaning as a bone in the neck – uniting the concept of the heaven-earth axis with the human spine linking body and brain, particularly at the crucial ‘neck-point’. An alternative meaning of Luz, namely ‘almond’ further supports the sacred geometry aspects of these concepts, as an alternative word for the Vesica Piscis is, in Italy, almond’… the word has likewise been accorded similar significance in Jewish religion, showing it’s meaning is concerned with the interaction of energy and matter, or the heavens and the earth.

It is a curious footnote that the word ‘sorcerer’, (with it’s negative connotations), derives from the French description of dowsers in the 17/18th C. as ‘water-sourcers’, pointing perhaps to the antipathy of supporters of the powers of the ‘rational’ mind to those exploring other less apparent levels of consciousness. But as Michell noted philosophers such as Plato have found, an imbalance based upon the powers of rational thought can lead to an arid desert of consciousness,  lacking as such the fertilising waters of the deeper levels of human understanding and being. This ‘yin-yang’ relationship between different levels of consciousness is argued by Michell to be at the heart of narratives of Plato and others warning of the dangers of cataclysms of fire or flood throughout history; in their worst aspects being on the one hand a surfeit of authoritarian, overbearing intolerant rationality, and on the other it’s opposite of irrational frenzied (often mob-led) emotion and insanity. So as with similar differences within the self, only a balanced and healthy interaction of the two can lead to positive progress.

Nevertheless, it is clear that the instinctive centres of the deep subconscious do indeed connect to energetic levels of reality within which we exist, and may route information to the conscious mind when necessary. Indeed, the history of the fields of ‘altered consciousness’, paranormal psychology, self-awareness such as the Tarot, and more, are rooted in creating connections between the conscious mind of the ego/self and these deeper instinctive aspects of the psyche, as well as with the highest capacities of the mental or emotional centres.

 A good example of sensitivity of such instinctive levels is that of various animals in the hours before an earthquake or tsunami; their minds register the subtlest (‘physical’ and energetic, or even atmospheric) changes in the environment of significance to their survival, even if such signals are sub-liminal. The ability of birds, and even mammals to register the magnetic fields of the earth is another example; in fact, it is becoming known that even humans possess some sort of this ability due to a part of the brain which is magnetic-sensitive, (possibly through an agglomeration of iron/mineral-rich tissues atparticular tiny sites within the brain).

Areas of high energetic significance on the earth’s surface are sometimes similar in that the presence of certain minerals such as granite, containing silicon dioxide (SiO²) and crystals such as quartz, can resonateand even ‘organize’ the telluric currents passing through them making their effects far stronger, and more perceptible.Such areas – often in mountainous regions* – are thought tocreate piezo-electric phenomena present within such ‘enhanced’ fields, ie electro-magnetic energies created by mechanical pressures acting upon the rock…*perhaps the inspiration for the many associations between mountains, (and ‘mountain-houses’/ ziggurats/ pyramids) and the gods, (or indeed, YHVH or God) throughout the civilizations of antiquity. Another major source of the pressures needed to significantly increase piezo-electric effects or energy-fields is that created along the earth’s fault-lines; and indeed, such zones of instability and energetic activity have been associated with ‘higher-dimensional’ effects from the earliest of eras…

It is clear that beliefs and understanding are matters of personal choice in this respect. Whether science can ever prove either the existence of ley-lines, or of our ability to ‘sense’ them, is also going to be a matter of opinion. With regard to geopathic zones and to ley-lines, while physical/ energetic reasons are believed to underlie their effects, there are no scientific methods which can accurately or clearly discern the different states of such phenomena. (Largely due to the ‘fineness’ of the energies involved).

Modern science is discovering ever-more variedways of  perceivingthe energies which permeate reality, particularly as science growsmore powerful and sensitive each year exponentially through the computer age. But perhaps, in light of history, it is best that these phenomena be not easily discoverable,as mankind may (perhaps inevitably) misuse such knowledge for misguided, or selfish, or immoral purposes.Likewise differences in economic potential within society may make any deeper awareness of such areas conflictual. It appears land and natural resources (as global warming and pollution create many natural disasters) are going to be one of the arenas in which the world’s need to solve contradictions will be tested this century,to an extent neveractually experienced before.

And lastly, it may be argued that mysteries such as this hold value in their ability to inspire deeper questioning of reality.

That dowsing has been used throughout history is certain; for example,  according to Thomas Saundersthe Soviet-era USSR used dowsing (‘biolocation’) extensively throughout the 20thcentury in it’s mineralogical surveys of the vast expanses of the Soviet Union, from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific(sometimes from an aerial perspective, or even just maps, pointing to the idea that dowsing seems to depend on the intent of the dowser regarding what they are sensitizing to; water, power-cables,minerals,ley-lines…the conscious mind sets the parameters, and, with skill and practice and some calibration/tuning ‘in’,  the subconscious then searches.Indicating the layers of truth within the Hermetic adage  – ‘seek, and ye shall find…’

(With regard to ley-lines and long-established roads,  the concept that the minds of  people have tuned into earth energies and thus created lines of activity (roads and towns)  broadly in alignment with the energy-fields of the earthmay be a restatement of the first modern theory concerning ley-lines, written by Albert Watkins in 1925; The Old Straight Track.In this he noted the straight lines throughout England of some of the oldest routes appeared to be connecting places of significance(particularly hill-top sites) through line-of-sight routes; in other words the trackways were formed in antiquity to a natural pattern of (human sensitivity to) ‘significant’ pathways, without stating much more than that; raising the possibility that existing and ancient roadways were part of mankind’s sensitivity to nature, and even formed a coherent network as such. (Something also said about British metrology, and weights and measures – the foot, the mile etc, pounds and ounces, pints and gallons and so on– are said to be in harmony with, or have their roots in ancient standards such as the Roman foot,Egyptian royal cubit, and furlong etc, measurescalibrated closely to thegeometric dimensions of the natural world such as the Polar axis, the Equatorial circumference, and so on).

Certainly the broad direction of the Michael and Mary line from south-west to north-east is reflected by the direction of roads– although the extremity and shape of Cornwall and Devon dictate this to some extent. Equally supportive if not more is the alignment of the ancient IcknieldWay for more than 200 miles in the same diagonal cross-country direction from the Dorset coast to Norfolk. This track used by drovers and farmers etcetera even from Cornwall since before Roman times may be one of England’s oldest tracks or roads. Likewise the position of both Oxford and Cambridge (universities) around 10 miles north of the Michael and Mary line along a  similar 61-2° orientation from the line of latitude – although Oxford University is built actually on top ofthe South-North ‘spine’ of England between the Isles of Wight and Lindisfarne!.

 And yet another ancient Bronze Age track, the Ridgeway runs from the Sanctuary at West Overbury, through Wiltshire and Oxford to Bedfordshire, where it ends at the Ivinghoe Beacon; again, following the same broad trajectory of the Michael and Mary line rather than simply moving eastwards towards London, indeed it is within 50feet at Overbury, and 50metres atIvinghoe Beacon of the Michael and Mary line!As it’s name indicates, this ancient track-way followed the prevailing contours of the ground in the high chalk ridge which runs from Wiltshire along the edge of the Berkshire Downs on to the Thames at the Goring Gap (a place of great significance along with Glastonbury, Stonehenge and Llantwit Major as these were  related geometrically as sites in neolithic Britain of the ‘perpetual choirs’(of the druidic religion) according to John Michell in his book The Dimensions of Paradise) and from there on through the Chiltern hills towards Ivinghoe, Bedfordshire. So the geology and geography of the entire southern counties of England appears to be based upon this SW-NE diagonal, in close alignment with the energy-lines of the region. The point of the Ridgeway’s greatest divergence, at Goring-on-Thames is significant because Goring was a celebrated centre in neolithic times and one of the ten sites of ‘perpetual choirs’ placed in a ‘circular pattern’ around the centre point near Malvern. Michell states the distance from Llantwit Major to Stonehenge to Glastonbury to Goring measured 38.2 miles each time, in a kind of ‘golfing umbrella’ shape . . .

the  Ridgeway, from Wiltshire to Bedfordshire.

In fact, of the four ‘highways’ described in works of literature from the 1130’s onwards as being the four main routeways maintained and protected by royal decree in ancient Britain, the Icknield Wayand the Ridgeway are SW-NE; Ermine Street is S-N (London to York), and Watling Street is NW-SE (broadly parallel to our third line, which runs from Holy Isle in Anglesey, North Wales to Hastings in Sussex) – providing fair support for the original theory by Watkins concerning the Old Straight Tracks. . .

As John Michell writes, there is good evidence that these major roadways throughout England and Britain existed a long time before the Roman invasion of Caesar in 73Ad; both in the fact that pre-Roman tribes were renowned charioteer societies, and archeological studies of Roman roads have found inn many cases they were built on top of existing straight line roadways…

Some criticisms exist of Watkins’ findings; one often stated of ley-line maps is that the ‘density of archeological sites in the British landscape is so great that a line drawn through virtually anywhere will inevitablypass throughsome sites’ considering the number of ‘mounds, moats, beacons and markstones’ in the English landscape; (Matthew Johnson, Archeological Theory, An Introduction) – this may be worth keeping in mind throughout this section; whether the sites indicated could be said to be simple random coincidences is always worth consideration. A general rule of thumb is that any sites noted should be located no further than one mile from the line in order to be considered as significant. Exceptions may exist, but as we shall see, in many instances the distance can be a lot less than this. And it is virtually a guarantee that a 345 – 365 mile long line across any two points in Britain will not pass through as many major cities and towns as that of the North-South axis; or as many significant sites as the Michael and Mary line from the South West to Norfolk.

With regard to the connections between energetic lines and the human built environment, including roads,it might be said that not only is the human mind on its deepest levels receptive to where energy flows in the landscape, but that‘where human activity is, energy entrains into patterns’…in other words developments on the material plane may affect, and shape to an extent, the underlying energy flows of the Earth, thus creating what is in effect a feedback system. Obviously,for whatever reason,mankind sometimes goes his own way in his shaping of the (built) environment,andseparates himself from nature. Also, it may be appreciably beneficial to notbuild – or live – directly on telluric pathways (or major node or crossover points of energy grids) for both the earth and it’s energy fields, and for people.

 All this is to introduce us to the unproven but very possibly real concept of ley-lines. And the study of Great Britain,or more specifically England, appears to show such phenomena somehow have a surprising amount of supporting data. Especially, as we shall discover, these are in ‘tune with’ the knowledge and wisdom of antiquity which the preceding sections have examined.


So, this section begins with both a common belief,and a historic legendwhich has been part of English folklore – or history –  since the Trojan Wars . . .

The belief is that ley lines cross the landscape, of every country on Earth in by and large unknown ways essentially like meridian lines in the body. More particularly the concept of what are called the Michael and Mary line(s)– these are said to be two intertwining ley-lines, of male and female energies accordingly,which run from Land’s End point in Cornwall, in a north easterly line all the way across England up to Great Yarmouth, Norfolk. Each line is said to be marked by churches dedicated to either St.Michael, or Mary, and in total the length from end to end is 366miles,or thereabouts. This is the longest straight line possible within the boundaries of England, and the proximity of the length to the number of days in the solar year (365.24) and the sidereal year (366) is widely considered as indicative of the connections existing between the line’s purpose of diffusing the energies of Life through pathways in the earth; energies stemming from the harmonic relationships existing between the Sun, the Earth, the moon and the stars.

The legend which pointed to the possibilities of (England’s) ley-lines is that of the journey of the Trojan prince, Brutus from Troy, to Italy after the Trojan Wars, to England. This ‘myth’ of the early history of England is to be found in the writings of Geoffrey of Monmouth,in the book ‘The History of the Kings of Britain’, written c.1125. which detail this story. Brutus’ grandfather the Trojan hero Aeneas settled in Rome in the aftermath of the Trojan Wars, from where the grandson was then exiled in his youth.

 Travelling across the Mediterranean, the ships of Brutus stopped overnight at an island – and the ship’s crew located themselves for the night at the Temple of Diana, the Greek goddess of hunting. And during the night Brutus received a vision of the future from the goddess – being told to follow the setting of the Sununtil Gibraltar, and then turn to the north,  to find the land where he will reign as king; Britain.*

*this myth has some close parallelswith the Delphic Oracle at the Temple of Apollo at Delphi (below right and left),the foremost sacred site in ancient Greece, and home of the Sibylline Oracles, as well as the Delphic aphorisms. It wasconsidered by the ancient Greeks to be an ‘omphalos’ point, a ‘navel-point’ connected to the higher dimensions, where ‘otherworldly energies’ welled up from the fissures and cracks within subterranean caves around the site. Delphos was considered the ‘centre of the world’, and not just nation; in one myth of it’s origin the god Zeus released two eagles to fly to the opposite ends of the earth. They did so, and passed each other at Delphos (showing the earth to be circular!); thus marking it as a central-point(or Omphalos) of the world. As we shall see, this myth has some highly relevant links to the division of the 360 degrees of the world’s sphere by Phi (φ; 1.618) and Phi squared (φ²; 2.618), as 360/φ = 222.4, and 360/φ² = 137.508, which is known as the Golden Angle in geometry, and is known to play a part in the optimal angle between leaves petals seeds or florets in many plants (in the field known as phyllotaxis) – as well as to the relation of sites to the prime meridian of the earth, as we shall see later.

This prime meridian being not Greenwich as internationally determined in 1890, but the world central site of Giza, occupying the geometric mid-point of the land-masses of the earth. The Greek excellence in geometry was very possibly inspired by the master-geometers of Egypt, as historical researches now indicate was likely; though Pythagoras is considered in some circles to have been an ‘enforced guest’ of the Babylonian ruler Nebuchadnezzar II in the 6th century Bce, the instigator of the ‘Babylonian Capture’ of the Israelites as described in the Bible – thus placing him tentatively in the line-of-transmission of the Sumerian/Akkadian/Babylonian wisdom sources).And indeed archeology has found in it’s studies of over 400 clay tablets, such as the Plimpton 322 tablet, many proofs that Babylonian mathematics from the period around 1830-1530Bce were considerably advanced for their time; the sexagesimal system creating coordinate systems for space and time using units of 60, was used by them, adopted from the Akkadians, who received it from Sumerian mythologies of the gods who were each accorded a significant number from 1 to 60 as part of their system of counting. There are proofs that they worked out the square root of 2 to seven decimal places, and they showed knowledge of the Pythagorean Triples many centuries before Pythagoras himself (in the Plimpton 322), showing in it’s tables of ‘a, b and c’ triples that a triangle of length 4 units and hypotenuse 5 has a shorter side of 3, ie is a 3:4:5 right angled triangle. This dates to again, around 1900 Bce (!), as translated by Dennis Ramsey. They also measured areas, geometric figures, the volume of cylinders and so on, although they lacked a concept for angles within triangles. A tablet dating to 1900 Bce estimates Pi to be 25/8, or 3.125. . .

These discoveries point to the highly sophisticated nature of the Babylonian civilization, and to it’s indebtedness to the preceding Akkadian and original Sumerian civilizations of Mesopotamia, indeed the majority of the Old Babylonian mathematical clay tablets are written in cuneiform scripts of these two civilizations’ languages . In addition to their maths, the Babylonians developed their science of astronomy using centuries of accurate observations; so that by the 33rd century Bce they had records of the rising and setting of stars, the motion of the planets of the solar system, and solar and lunar eclipses; in fact to make calculations of the pathways of planets, (‘ephemeris’, tables of astronomical positions) some modern academics believe the Babylonians used basic maths, plus a coordinate system based on the ecliptic, the plane upon which the solar system is oriented. (Otto Neuberger, 1950/1969, Brack-Bernsen,2003, Cornell)

As a concept the Omphalos marked by a ‘marker-stone’, or obelisk/ pylon etc, is linked conceptually to that of the Eben Shettiyah, the‘Foundation Stone’ beneath the Temple of Solomon in Hebrew mythology, a placewhere the cosmic energies of the heavens were believed to ‘flow into’ thematerial dimension. It is Jewish tradition it was at this precise point on the earth’s surface that the Earth rose out of the waters, and God created Adam, making this spot in Jerusalem the ‘centre of the world’. Further that it was the site where the waters of the Deluge abated, and were sealed thereafter by the Rock; and after the Temple was built there, the place YHVH/God revealed himself through the Ark of the Covenant in the Holy of Holies of the Temple; thus marking this point as the (geometric) centre of the World, specifically at the centre of the Cube which thecubic proportions of the inner chamber created.The large rock in the foundations of the Dome on the Rock – the Eben Shettiyah – is believed to be the foundation of the world, and is revered to this day as being therefore sacred in nature…bearing this conceptual perspective in mind, it is notable how completely western civilization lost these concepts once the modern age of science began from circa the 15th century onwards.

Either both nations/religions/philosophies of the Greeks, and the Hebrews invented the concept of key world energy-points/ sacred gateways independently, or alternatively learned it from older sources, such as the Sumer/ABA line, or those of Egypt. Sitchin certainly compares the Greek marker stones to some found at the (predominantly Berber) Libyan desert oasis of Siwa, linking it to original Egyptian sources; the oasis was home to an oracle of Ammon, or as he was called in antiquity, Amun Ra. It was here that in 32Bce Alexander the Great diverted his triumphant journey into Egypt to consult the oracle with regard to his divinity; he was given thetitle ‘son of Amun-Ra’ at this time, and thus conquered Egypt without a battle. After his death coins depicted Alexander as wearing the ‘horns of Ammon’ as a symbol of his divinity – something we have seen originated in Sumer, and may have indicated serpents as much as cattle horns in their original depictions. A similar symbolic duality arose also in Egypt; and was referred to in Hebrew writings, most curiously by the passage describing when Moses came down Mount Sinai with the Tablets of the Commandments, his face was ‘horned’ with glowing sacred light. This description led to the artistic convention of depicting Moses with horns, as shown by the Michelangelo sculpture, now based at the church of St-Peter-ad-vinculum (‘in chains’) in Rome… 

In modern science it may be conjectured the omphalos-stone resembles the co-ordinate grids used by many sciences and technologies, to place any point on the earth’s surface within the mathematical/ geographic grid placed around it, much in the manner of GPS, as well as in celestial maps and coordinates.

And as befitting a ‘higher-dimensional gate/point’, Delphi (shown below left) was home to the Pythian Oracle (‘of the Pythoness’),derived from the connection between the serpent(energy) lines meeting at Delphos, (carrying solar and cosmic energies) and the energies of the instinctive/reptiliancentres of intuition and knowing activated in such places.

Omphalos stone from Delphi. The similarity to the matrices of the Hartmann and Curry grids are note-worthy. Omphalos stones originated within Egyptian and Greek cultures of the 1st millennium Bce, often depicted with two deities ‘holding them in place’, or marking their length or position with ‘cords’.

from the entrance-way to Ramesses II temple, Abydos, showing him flanked by omphalos stones (also shaped like shen rings – circling the bounds of the lands) with two birds, possibly crows, sat upon them; as the two eagles were associated with Zeus and the omphalos ‘marker’ stones of Delphi. The usual portrayal of pairs of these stones indicates the significance of geodetic measures between different places on the Earth’s surface, ie measures in relation to the primary dimensions of the world, such as the equatorial and polar circumferences, radii and so on. The figure also is holding two rods to his side, something we shall see later is a theme in this area of research  holding meaniings related to ‘dominion’ of the environment, or the self.

Other myths concerning Delphi, mentionedby Diodorus Siculus, centred on a chasm in the ground which caused sheep-herds who entered a subterranean chamber to experience divine visions. . . as well as an independence of time, as past, present and future lost their distinctions; a possible indication of the presence of higher-dimensional energies at certain points on the earth’s surface.*

* Indeed Delphos has been shown to be over a fault-line in geologic terms; and the presence of gaseous releases has been proposed as an explanation of the experiences of the Pythia and others – a certainly relevant, if not a complete explanation.

This temple was designed architecturally in proportions designed to resonate harmoniously with the deeper energy levels of the earth and heavens at that special point on the earth’s surface. Proportions which many observers have analysed as thus based upon the tenets of Cosmic number/ Sacred Geometry; in particular the square roots of 2,3and 5 – thus placing it directly into the ‘coherent tradition’ of cosmic consciousness that originated from the Sumerians onwards.

SIDEBAR –  Delphos, dolphins, sound and music;

It is more than simply a historical footnote to note that Delphi, or Delphos was so named from an association with the dolphin; Apollo has the epithet ‘the Delphinian’ in the Homeric Hymn to Apollo (line 400) which describes his coming to the site of Delphi shaped as a dolphin; hence this describes another (‘hybrid’) god who ‘came from the sea’, just like Enki/Oannes. The dolphin was thus considered by the Greeks as a symbol of the deepest wisdom of divinity as given to mankind as his birth right. . .

The antique Greek symbolism is additionally strongly reminiscent of the sea/fish/scales/ hybrid- related myths and images used as symbols by the Sumerian civilization(s) for their god of wisdom, Enki/ Ea (he who loved water/ Lord of the Deep) or Oannes as the Babylonians called him – conjoining wisdom with the serpent metaphor again.

Oannes /apkallu from Babylonian stela circa 1200 Bce. He was a later version of Enki/ Ea, considered

to have first appeared from the waters of the Persian Gulf (!), and to be the ‘first of the seven sages’ (the ‘apkallu’).

(right) detail from the Akkadian‘Adda Seal’, from the city of Sippar showing Enki – ‘he who loved the waters’;with fish and  water flowing out from his shoulders, 2300 Bce.

(left) Anuna deity at NW Wall of the courtyard of the Palace of Sargon II, Khorsabad, Assyria, c.716 Bce.

And as we have seen, this fish/dolphin/serpent imagery* can be closely linked to the instinctive centre of the mind – the ‘reptilian’ centre– and it’s affinities with different levels of perception and reality, or the ‘levels of the deep’. The religions of the Sumerians, Assyrians, Babylonians, Greeks and of ancient India all posited connections between fish, dolphins, deities such as Oannes, and goddesses such as Aphrodite, Ishtar and in Eastern religions, ‘the Lady of the Lotus’ and of the depths of the sea (Stella Maris). Indeed Rene Guenon  points out that in antiquity not only were dolphins connected with the deities of ‘the sea’, but it was believed that they acted as ‘guides of sanctified souls towards the Islands of the Blessed’* (footnote 19, p108, Fundamental Symbols, the Universal Language of Sacred Science, 1962). In keeping with this aspect of their nature, dolphins in the modern era have been known to protect humans in the water from attacks by sharks until safety was reached!

*(Although the ubiquity of deities with some form of association with the sea, which has been a provider of so much to humanity throughout history, must be expected realistically. . . )

There may likewise be some form of link between Oannes, Janus, and Jonah the Old Testament prophet entombed for three days in the belly of a whale. . . Guenon also writes that Vishnu, the Hindu deity whose role is that of ‘preserver’ or saviour god; ‘manifested in the form of a fish while ordering Satyavrata to construct an ark in which the seeds of the future world are to be enclosed, and that under the same form he then guides the ark over the waters during the cataclysm that marks the boundary’ between two world-ages.(p109).

This shows a close relation between the Hindu mythology and the Gilgamesh/ Noah/ Deucalion narratives where the ability of certain individuals to survive is helped by deities representing the subconscious wisdom of the instinctive centres within the human, perhaps due to their infusions of DNA to create ‘homo sapiens’ in pre-history. This special and unexplored nature of the deeper levels of human consciousness is one way in which the early civilizations of mankind were guided in principle by the ‘cosmic beings’ known and represented as ‘gods’. That the power given to mankind in this way was subject to certain dualities is shown by the Garden of Eden narrative featuring the serpent, Adam and Eve. . . and yet the Bible never calls this serpent the ‘devil’, or ‘satan’; this was a post-canonical development over the centuries which conflated the serpent with other references throughout the Bible. Yet as we see in the Bible section, there are several complex narratives involving serpents which appear to point to the positive aspects of the same; for example the Seraphim of the desert during the Exodus, the ‘fiery flying serpents’, which torment and bite the Israelites, and yet Isaiah maintains form a celestial choir at the throne of God in the high heavens (ie. are a form of angelic order).

Dolphins are second only to man in the brain:body ratios of all animals. Not only that, they have been shown to form social alliances for support (in areas such as mating ‘competition’) which can last for decades. . . as well as many other examples of their almost unique nature.

 The ancient connection of the dolphin with higher intelligence is also reflected today in science’s study of the language of dolphins, and their ability to emit and receive ultra-sound noises, which are able to perceive reality using ultrasound/’radar’ via the ‘melon’ at the front of their head. These are possibly so sensitive enough to be able todifferentiate the physical/ energetic state of pregnant women, something which many mammals used to humans appear to be capable of perceiving somehow.

 Whether the dolphins’ ultrasound emissions have the ability to furthermore heal each other/ other living beings, is unverified; but highly likely. Several animals are believed now to use (high-frequency) sound-waves to heal or alleviate injuries, cats when they are purring for instance. The uses of sound in the most refined sense, ultrasonic vibrations, for healing injuries/illness has only recently started to be explored and understood.  Similarly plants (and animals such as sheep or cows) exposed to classical music have far better health than those exposed to ‘heavy rock’, or similar; the structures and harmonies inherent within classical music seem to work upon the deeper centres in particular, causing relaxation and attunement to ‘cosmic rhythms’.

 As we see in the Bible section, music holds significance to the ‘higher dimensions’ and ‘heavens’ because of the frequencies of notes which are in concordance with the harmonic vibrations of the constituent parts of atoms. In other words the entire universe is composed of energies which ‘sound’ throughout the dimensions, and upon which matter then is built. And while the universe is built almost completely on frequencies of vibrations which are consonant with each other, more material expressions of sound are far more likely to assume dissonant forms; forms which then cause far less harmonious effects.Animals are unquestionably physically sensitive to environmental sounds. Birds eggs suffer deficits of thickness in urban settings (where sound and light pollution are an ever-present factor), most likely due to such stresses. Researchers have demonstrated the ability of extremely low infrasound producing machines to not only injure human beings and animals, but even damage buildings. The tale of the destruction of the walls of Jericho by sound alone in the Old Testament is based upon this; and the large number of repetitionsof the number seven in the procedures used shows the relevance of the octave to the results. In fact science is beginning to understand the role of sound frequencies of both ultrasound (higher than can be heard) and infrasound (lower than can be heard) in the modern symptoms of ‘sick building syndrome’ where environmental forces combine to cause the structure of the building to resonate in dissonant frequencies…

And so on and so on. Every conscious civilization in antiquity accorded music the sacred function stemming from it’s connections to the physics of the creation, and the atom, and it’s ability therefore to create sounds in resonance with the energies of the highest dimensions. And the ratios of such harmonics are easily transferred to the proportions of buildings designed using the tenets of ‘sacred geometry’, meaning that from antiquity onwards architecture had the significance of being ‘music set in stone’…

So the relationship of the building of the great Cathedrals and architecture of Europe from the 12-16th centurieswith the best of the oeuvre of classical music composed in the 15-19th centuries within the continent (often for performing within these buildings), is therefore probably not coincidental.

That many texts of antiquity pointed to the power of sound for either healing, or destruction, as well as the nature of the primordial  creative frequencies of the cosmos, is a sign of the consciousness of their authors. The Bible for example has many examples of such matters. Of course, additionally people from the earliest of times must have noticed how either the human voice, or harmonic music, would seem to have healing properties beyond the subjective.So it is fair to say that belief in the ability of music and sound waves to heal injuries and illness is a cogent part of human history on every continent. And furthermore, considering the far greater number of nerves within the ears than the eyes, the sense of hearing has far greater ability to change consciousness within the individual – and open to intellectual ‘encoding’ or structuring as music is, then experiences of ‘higher-dimensional’ or mystical nature can be consciously created through the medium of music… a fact with countless examples from human history. And as architecture has been called ‘music set in stone’, then any temples, churches, or buildings created in accord with consciously-derived canons of wisdom, will likewise possess the power to change the consciousness of the individual.

So, to return to Brutus, he and his fellows having set sail through the Mediterranean, stopped overnight at an island, within the Temple of Diana; whereupon Brutus had his dream/communication(indicative that the information came from, or through, thesubconscious reptilian/instinctive centre). Brutus was to sail west then north until he reached the islands he was to rule.Setting sail the next day they faithfully followed this course untilthey reachedBritain– legend has it that it was along the Dorset/Devon coastline where they landed, indeed Totnes in Devon claims primacy in this regard. . . Further to this, making alliances with predominant tribes/clans, Brutus did lead his forces to victory over most of England, thus becoming one of the earliest (pre-Roman era) Kings of England(and Wales, though not all of ‘Britain’, ironically), according to Geoffrey’s chronicles.

In doing so he renamed the foremost city (London,not yet named as such) Troie Nova, or New Troy- in memory of his ancestral-lands – which changed to Trinovantumin the Latin. It is possibly in memory of these events/ legends that silver is still weighed in London in‘Troy Ounces…’

In general, as touched on by this subject,the ‘matter of England’ – in particular the high consciousness of the druidic class which established the network of the main sacred sites of neolithic Britain – raises consideration of the geometric sophistication of the Egyptians, and the Sumerians, and the underlying cosmic principles which provided a foundation for much of the maths, symbolic artwork, and architecture of the leading civilizations of antiquity.

It is with regard to such matters that the Book of 1Enoch, a mysterious and puzzling text from the 1st millennium Bce of Israel, raises awareness in chapter 61 of the significance of such (geometrical) pursuits;

And I saw in those days the angels were given measuring cords. . . they took to themselves wings, and went off to  

the North/ they have gone off to measure/ all their measures shall reveal the righteous, and the secrets of the earth”.

As does the Bible;“I lifted up mine eyes again, and looked, and behold a man with a measuring line in his hand.

Then said I, Whither goest thou? And he said unto me, To measure Jerusalem, to see what is the breadth thereof,

and what is the length thereof…”  – Zechariah ch.2.

And there was given me a reed like unto a rod; and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein.Revelations 11.1, St John.

These and other references within the Mesopotamian, Egyptian and Greek civilizations seem to indicate something not only of the nature of the works of the ‘higher beings’, but of the (sacred) nature of the earth, and the human being.

The Egyptians among others definitely considered the  geometric functions of Pi, φ, the transcendental roots etc,as being ways in which the cosmic energies find expression within the material dimensions of the world–and indeed the section on Giza and the Great Pyramid also highlights the importance of the geometries of the inner lines of the Vesica Piscis, and of the Cube within the hexagon which it forms part of; so accordingly, the question arose whether any nation-wide potential lines of energy, or at least of geometric significance might be possibly discerned, having some form of connection to the Cos# themes raised by these geometrical figures. . .

Andat first very few identifiable patterns, in distance lengths, placesor proportions were to be seen when considering the shape of Britain up to the northern tip of Scotland.

But a different picture may be gained when giving consideration of the fact that the story of Brutus’ kingship, and base of Trinovantum was concerned primarily with England and Wales. Perhaps the dividing line between Scotland and England is located at a significant point;and this distinction raises a new possibility…

Drawing the line at the Scottish border allows the basic 3-fold division of a triangle with a line from base to peak, and two other lines crossing at the centre. Thus creating nominally the inner hexagonal feature of the 6-pointed ‘star’, as seen in the Equilateral Triangle of AdTriangulum and the Vesica inner geometry; the ‘Cube of time and space’, as well as the inner geometry of the Great Pyramid, itself linked to the centrality of Giza within the world’s landmasses using the same hexagonal template, as thus ;

Giza, at the centre of the world’s continents⇨

⇦ The ‘Cube of Time and Space’ with the three dimensions passing through the centre point; or as potentially viewed, the 6 points of the hexagram creating the three lines, with the seventh point at the centre. Also part of the symbol is the Vesica Piscis between the two circles, (with the Ad Triangulum double-triangle, each of which can be divided by three lines from each vertex to base-line) as well as the ‘square’ of the lower half surmounted by the dome of the upper. This design, symbolizing the meeting of the energies of the heavens (the circle) with the four-square material world, is the underlying basis for several ‘sacred geometry’-based buildings, most notably the octagonal Dome on the Rock at the Temple Mount, Jerusalem. St Pauls likewise has it’s circular dome joined to the rectangular main body by an octagonal ring within the super-structure of the building. Sir Christopher Wren is said to have taken painstaking efforts with this part of the cathedral. In cosmic# the three values are seen to be 4, 8 and 12, thus again placing the octagon, or octave at the crucial ‘neck-point’ (in TCMA the ’occipital gate’) between the higher and lower dimensions.

the Dome on the Rock,

the  Temple Mount, Jerusalem.

And when this key geometric symbol of the meeting point between energy and matter is applied to the map of Britain – or rather, England –then incredibly, a pattern emerges. Initially of interest is how it connects some of the most important islands on the coast of England; more significantly perhaps, these are holy islands, places of sanctity from the earliest times,perhaps even from before written records began.

At the top of the NW – SE line, Holyhead Isle is adjoined to Anglesey…

At the head of the N-S vertical axis/ backbone is the Island of Lindisfarne, also called Holy Isle. While at the base of theN-S line is the Isle of Wight, long considered to be a place of liminal energies. All three islands have been home to religious orders of monks too,due to their relatively secluded nature, and presumably peacefulsurroundings; and are sites of many neolithic features from the 2nd and 3rd millenniums Bce.

As mentioned, the SW- ‘NE’ line in particular has a fantastic narrative in ‘research circles’; for by some coincidence this line is virtually the exact pathway of the Michael and Mary line(s) of energy. These two intertwining ‘ley-lines’ (male and female, positive/negative lines,turning around a central axisin sine-waves) run from the coast of Cornwall up to the coast of Norfolk. And as mentioned, they are marked along their routes by the presence of churches bearing their names,St. Michael or Mary…

For such a deep-rooted narrative to dove-tail almost exactly with the geometricdivision of England is a very significant point, in all probability. More so when the figures and proportions of the lines are considered.

One point raised by this model is that the main axis and ley-line of southern Britain lies virtually northwards towards the Pole, whereas models of leylines from the south coast of England to the north of Scotland run around 20-30 degrees off north. This feature may be based upon the following distinction; in assessing the nature of leylines, many researchers have concluded that the energies which they contain are strongly magnetic, and influenced accordingly. In this way many ‘esoteric’ phenomena attend upon fault-lines of the earth, as well as around volcanic and weather events where magnetic disturbances occur. So the belief that leylines of all levels of size follow geological fissures and fault-lines points to the influence the geology of the earth has upon it’s energy fields. As we shall see with regard to Dartmoor, areas with a high proportion of granite, containing quartz and silicon as it does, are particularly believed to have strong associations with leylines and piezo-electric activities. And it is this magnetic nature of leylines and energy fields which may mean that many ‘latitudinal’ leylines (ie those running vertically through the lands of the earth, rather than at cross-angles) are running between the two magnetic poles of the world, between the North and South Poles.

(Hence perhaps the folk legends of Germany and Scandinavia regarding the location of ‘Ultima Thule’ towards the North Pole region). And perhaps the underlying basis for the subtle words of 1Enoch 61;

And I saw in those days that long cords were given to those angels, and they took to themselves wings,

and flew, and went towards the north . . . and the angel said to me “They went out to measure. . . and these measures will reveal all the secrets of the depths of the earth. . . . and these measures will be given to faith, and will strengthen the word of justice . . . and he will judge all the deeds of the holy ones in heaven”.

Not only is north given special significance, (thus pointing to the magnetic nature of the ‘higher dimensions’ experienced upon Earth), but so too the ‘depths of the earth’, ie the levels from which the magnetic fields of the world are patterned via fault-lines, rock types and so on. And finally these features are linked with ‘sanctity’, and higher matters, as well as consciousness. This magnetic nature may also underlie references within the Bible whereby the energies of heaven are diffused throughout the Garden of Eden, and the earth, to the four points of the compass. In Genesis 2.10 it states;

And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four

heads. The name of the first is Pison; that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold…”

As can be deduced from assuming the bible uses allegory repeatedly throughout it’s pages, the gold referred to may be the energies of the Sun (and the stars) which vitalize the Earth through the telluric energy-lines under consideration. Likewise Pison may be a clue to the spherical geometries the lines and energy fields of the planet are subject to, (especially as no river in western Asia has been able to be associated with the name) thus making Pi highly relevant … and as we see in the Bible section, there are several instances where the chapter and verse numbers of 3.14/15 are used to refer to the ‘serpent’ at various times; thus signifying the ‘serpent-lines’ of the earth, and the Ouroboros serpent which encircles the entire globe in Greek (and Egyptian) mythology as much as the ‘serpent of Eden’…

One point is that it is said the Michael and Mary line measures 365.25miles, which is commensurate with the length in days of the solar year… However, this figure is slightly arbitrary, due to small variations in measurement of where each line starts and ends, indeed in joining the three lines as they are, the length of the line between Land’s End and Great Yarmouthis actually 366.35 miles.As such the line is very close to the sidereal length of year, which is 366 days (being the number of times the Earth turns on it’s axis in one orbit of the Sun.) rather than the solar year of 365.24 days. . .(the number of days it takes to reach the same point in the heavens in it’s complete orbit of the sun).

And this figure of 366.35 is actually close to another harmonic of cosmic#; for as seen in the Egypt and Vesica sections, the values of Pi as 22/7 were intrinsic within the ratios and measures of the Great Pyramid, along the divisions of 44, 22, 11, 5.5, 2.75, as well as 7, 14, 21, 28 etcetera, precisely because of their affinities with Pi. So the Great Pyramid’s sides measure 440 cubits, and its height is 280 cubits. So it of interest to note that 6x 366.66 = 2,200, likewise the 366.35 is equal to 2,200 / 6.00 5186. Incidentally the angle of the Great Pyramid is 51.84° – 51.74°, and equals the square of 72, a key number in the geometric and geodetic measures of the earth…So, in other words the hexagonal geometries which play such a large part in cosmic# would appear to have some relevance to the length of 366.35, and indeed possibly the sidereal year! Additionally, 366.52/ 7 = 52.36, the Egyptian Royal Cubit, which x 5 = 2.618 (φ²), and x 6 = 314.159 (π)… putting pi and phi in a relationship of 6/5, or 1.2; which connects them to the dodecahedral (twelve based) geometries of the celestial spheres.

Conjectures such as this may be said to indicate that material reality and it’s expressions of time, distance, matter and even energy result to great extent from the non-material levels of reality which may be expressed by the concepts of mathematics; or from a slightly different viewpoint, are expressions of the ‘templates’ of the abstract ‘higher dimensions’ before they become embedded in form. . .

Equally importantly, considering the harmonic ratios existing between the three key planets of the solar system, the Sun, the Earth and the Moon, (all of whose diameter’s are divisible by the key number 72, at 12,000 for the Sun’s diameter of 864,000 miles; and 110, and 30 for the earth and moon); the diameter of Earth divided by that of the Moon is 7920/2160 = 3.66, which in other words means the moon is in a ratio of 27.32% to the earth. Coincidentally – or not – the orbital period of the moon around the earth for one complete lunar month is 27.32 days (each day of which contains 86,400 seconds); while the sidereal period of the earth around the sun for one orbit is 366 days! Likewise 360 / 12 = 30; something shown in the Precession cycle, also called the Great Year, (in which the axis of the Earth rotates in a circle around the Poles, meaning the stars  gradually change their equatorial coordinates, and ecliptic longitude) of 25,920 years length; when divided into the twelve ages of the zodiac, it gives 25,920/12 = 2160 (also the diameter of the moon). This equates to 30° of the full circle; while 1° therefore takes 72 years to occur… as was first eventually noticed by the Greek mathematician/ astronomer Hipparchus in c.140Bce. Additionally, 25,920 / 30 = 864; and so on…

 So to return to the measures obtained, the figures in this tentative study should only be considered as accurate to within a  ¼ mile or so at each end; which is accurate enough for hypothesis’ sake, being at around a 0.15% margin,ie +/- ½ mile in total.

 Likewise lines have been placed with the aim of a central/mid-point on each of the islands,while admitting an inevitable degree of arbitrariness for eachdesignation…but once chosen, the lines are then fixed. So, with these (minor) definitions stated – and hoping to potentially find some lengths/proportions/features of cosmic # significance – using CalcMap, these are the figures obtained for the three lines;*

*As in the geometric figure of the 6-pointed star, the 7th point – the centre point of the 3 lines – is of  some significance. Bearing this in mind, it is worth examining the distances along each line in terms of a:b:c where a and c are the start/end-points, and b is the mid-point where all three (or six) lines meet. Accordingly, the figures are;

               b.                     c.     miles           kilometres
Land’s End – centre –Great Yarmouthab 222.88       / 358.61
 bc 143.47       / 230.84
 ac 366.35       / 589.45
Holy Isle of Lindisfarne-centre-Isle of Wightab 281.30       / 452.61
 bc  65.14        / 104.81
 ac  346.44/ 557.42
Holy Isle of Anglesey – centre – Hastingsab 186.39      / 299.90
 Bc  88.18      / 141.84
 ac  274.57      / 441.74

One immediate point of note is that if the 3 lines full lengths are added, the total is 987.359 miles. As π² = 9.869, then

the total length is exactly 100. 0201times greater than π². It is also extremely close to the cos# value of 987.654321, which divided by 8 = 123.456789; which multiplied by 7 = 864.2. All of these values occur within the Squared Circle, as the geometry section examines.So this apparent coincidence may possibly providesome indication of a significant energy/matter relationship.

Following the course of each line, it is of value to note any lengths,proportions,places/sites and so forth, to consider whether theselines hold any potential significance beyond that of the arbitraryand random… accordingly, it seems to be somewhat a matter for everyindividual’s personal consideration. This said, the number of relatednames and places with connections to Cosmic# does seem toindicatesome form of meaningful phenomenon.

Line 1: Sennen/ Lands End: Didcot: Gt Yarmouth,Norfolk.

 As concerns the distances and proportions of this (Michael and Mary) line,the foremost one is clearly the close parity of it’s full length  to the number of days in thesolar year, 365.25 days and almost exactly the value of the sidereal year of 366.256 days (the # of times earth rotates 360° on it’s axis during its orbit of the sun to a fixed point in the heavens – most often determined on the March equinox – in other words the period for the planetcircling once around the ecliptic).

It is fitting therefore that this lineis virtually the longest straight line that can be drawnbetween two points in England…It is marked by numerous churches of either St Mary (for the female line) and St Michael (for the male line), although this study will not be looking too closely at this aspect, preferring to study the essential axis-line.

So do the measurements and ratios have any interesting features at all for this first line from south-west England in Cornwall, to (south)east of the country at the coast in Norfolk, overlooking the North Sea?

the Land’s End hotel, Cornwall.

   ab 222.88:  bc  143.47  = 366.35 ms

   ab 358.61:  bc  230.84  = 589.45 km

ac/ab:  366.35 / 222.88m = 1.643(φ=~1.62)

ac/bc:  366.35 / 143.47m = 2.55349(2√φ= 2.545)

ab/bc:  222.88/ 143.47m = 1.5535(π/2 = 1.57 08) = 0.0173 diff.

This last value of ab/bc may be more significant, in that 1.5555 / 3 = 0.5185; the angle of the Great Pyramid (51.74-84°), the result of 72², and a significant latitude at 51.74-84° and thereabouts. Furthermore, 1.5535/2  = 0.7767, is extremely close to 0.777, (showing 5.184 is in 2:3 ratio to 7.777, etc). This and related values are associated with solar energies, at least within the numerical symbolism contained within the Bible.As we see in the Geometry and the Egypt sections, the ratios of the squared circle, along with inner and outer circles in relation to the square have significant values when the square has sides of 5.5 units, the circle, of equal circumference, has a diameter of 7 units; meaning that I:E:O circles are 5.5, 7 and 7.777 diameter(or as the series doubles and progresses in size, then 11, 14 and 15.554 diameter). These circles relate to each other from inner:equal:outer as follows; 1: 1.273: 1.414, or  1 : √φ : √ 2, with E:O being in ratio of 1:1.111 (10/9), or 1 : √1.23456789 (10²/9²), making the symbol a significant key to understanding the halving or doubling of energies as they become expressed in material dimensions.

These ratios of 5.5,7,7.777,11,14 and so on, are all essentially related to 22/7 of Pi, and it’s harmonics, and are to be found within the inner geometries of the Great Pyramid and Giza for precisely this reason.(See thesections mentioned, plus the Notes and Numbers section for more on 15,554/ 777/ 5184, Pi, Phi, the generative square roots of 2, 3 and 5,and other cos# values).

In relation to the distance of Land’s End to the centre point, 222.88 miles, this is very close to firstly the √5 value of 2.236, and secondly to values of 222.2, and related such as 0.555, 111.1 etc. Of some relevance is that of 360 / φ (1.618) = 222.49, (giving 137.51° as the ‘Golden Angle’, something we shall see later has some significance to the spherical geometries of the world).

With regard to the √5 value of 2.236;

(2.236+1)/2 =3.236 /2 = 1.618 = 1.118 +0.5 = φ (1.618)

the ERC (Egyptian Royal Cubit) = 0.5236metres: or 3 + 2.236. (π/6 = 0.5236 x5 = φ²)

– in addition to which the Longitude of Didcot to Giza as the Prime Meridian = 1.23°W + 31.13° E =  32.36°.And as we shall see, nearby Harwell Research facility 3 miles west of Didcot is at 32.44° west of Giza, making a midpointbetween the two sites at 32.4° – exactly 1/11.111 of the world’s circumference in total. Considering the centrality of 1.1111 in cosmic#, in the Bible, in sacred geometry and so on, these two points on the world’s surface are both so significant that the biblical use of the number is surely a sign of intentional (geometric) symbolism. . . The Bible points to the significance of 32.4 by the following passage, forit is at Genesis 3.24 that mankind is banished from Eden, and driven into the world of ‘matter’:

So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the

                    garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned 

                    every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.

It is quite certain that the Tree of Life is related to the Sumerian mythology and depictions of the Tree of Life, asymbolic figure (below right)which is an axis between the heavens and the earth, or the energetic and material dimensions, akin to the spine within the human boody. This artistic ‘scene’ was reproduced from Sumer to Akkadia to Assyria and beyond, for more than two millennia from 2800Bce onwards, indeed may be considered to be one of the most important symbolic glyphs from antiquity. To both sides of the Tree of Life arecelestial beings/deities‘inserting’ symbolic objects towards the back of the human figures’ heads. (These objects are tetractys shaped/ pine-cones – from which the term ‘pineal’ actually came – as well as having a phi spiral distribution pattern within the cone’s sections). And the deities are ‘inserting’ them into the head/neck point called the ‘Occipital gate’ in TCMA, and related to the oak/ ox/ axis/ octave /oss cognate group of words from many languages in antiquity;immediately behind the pineal gland,showing the import of the subject matter. Likewise are the Tree of Life’s geometric relations to the Vesica Piscis, the geometries of the Great Pyramid, the axis of the Milky Way and the constellation of Orion upon it . . . These are not inconsiderable relationships of meaning, contained within the already dramatic biblical narrative, and indeed in the Egypt section the possibility is considered that the reference in Genesis 3.24 to a ‘flaming sword which turns every way’ may be interpreted as the sword of Orion turning 90° as it rotates through the night sky between midnight and dawn.In this way pointing to the centrality of Orion, at it’s position on the celestial equator and the axis of the Milky Way.These questionsare looked atin the Bible, Egypt, Gilgamesh/Sumer, and Geometry sections. In the latter section we see how the Tree of Life symbol mirrors the geometric table of the inner double-triangles’ width, height and slope-length within the Vesica as they reduce on a fractal/ harmonic basis.

(Below) The deity Shamash depicted on the Tree of Life stelae; the pine-cone with phi spirals; sunflower head with spirals also; the Tree of Life tableaux from an Assyrian version from circa 885Bce, from the NW palace of Ashurbanipal II at the biblical city of Calah (Nimrud); the constellation of Orion, source of much art, myth, astronomy and veneration in antiquity in the Near East, located upon the celestial equator and the band of the Milky Way, the ‘way of the tree of life’(?)

Sothe midpoint of England at Didcot is within 0.7 miles of (the multiple of) the square root of 5 value of 2.236; and 0.39 miles of 360/φ (222.49); and thus 3.5 miles from 366.35/φ (226.41).

And as we shall soon see, there is indeed a highly important point3 or so miles along the line ‘bc’, at c.226-7 miles from Land’s End, namely Sinodun hill/fort/barrows Neolithic site, and Little Wittenham, and the church of St Peter dating from Norman times.

One first point is that some researchers and dowsers believe that the Michael line begins about 1.38 miles/2.22 km south of Lands End, at Carn Les Boel, and then at the other end isa little north of Great Yarmouth at Caister or Hopton… but this is a matter of opinion, and while the line from Carn Les Boelcan be drawncrossing the bay of Penzance to the Mount St Michael, the arguments for beginning from the Lands End point are compelling and widely adopted;especially when the placement ofnumerous points along the 366 mile line are considered… which in many instances could virtually not have been placed any better with regard to the line, whether over 3-4000 years ago or more recently.

   So,are there any sites along the route of the line(from Land’s End to Great Yarmouth, just across the mouth of the River Yareand through the building of the Minster there) – which may offer some support to the theory that this is a genuine energy-line of national significance..?

The first note really, starting from The First and Last House (ie. Alpha and Omega!) at Land’s End Hotel is that the area is located within the area of Sennen Bay and village; (like Sinodun Camp at Wittenham) ‘sen-‘ has a long-term etymological link to words concerned wiith intelligence and perception and further connections to geometry, energy and the body. So Wiktionary states that sense comes from Middle English, from Old French sens; sense, reason, direction, partly from Latin sensus/sentio; sensation, feeling, perceive, from Vulgar Latin sennus, from Old Germanic sinn; reason judgement etc, with both Germanic and Latin from Proto-Indo-European sent, meaning ‘feel’ or perceive. As we examine in the Etymology section, there are several areas of overlapping meaning connected to ley-lines and cosmic# from these related stems; sine/wave (the geometries of energy lines turning around a central axis), sinew (energy-matter meeting point/line), sentience (the mind’s perception of reality), sion (Zion, sacred place within world energy grid), and sinuous,(linking to the ‘serpent’ energy-lines around the world, and to China –Sino – birthplace of feng-shui concepts of dragon-lines, and the dragon as symbol of spirit and the cosmos).The sacred Mount Sinai in southern Israel, where the Bible says YHVH blessed Moses and the tribe of Israel, and gave them the Tablets of the Commandments, was most probably named after the Babylonian (and therefore Anunnaki) moon deity Sin (apparently not the source of the word sin, with linguistic experts stating it probably came from the Germanicsundio, meaning trespass, transgression etc, and prior to that the Latin word sonsmeaning ‘guilty’ or ‘criminal’. . . however, with the Sumerian concept of the ap-su, the ‘abyss’/ depths, with it’s parallels within the lowest, instinctive, stomach-based centres of the human body, the later Babylonian words such as zodiac meaning collection of animals / ‘zoo’ and the depths of space, it is curious su/sud have been used since then for words relating to subconscious, subterranean, south, sub-marine (as in the Leviathan, Rahab and other ‘serpents of the deep’ of the bible)etc.Enki (the water/ serpent deity) was known as the Lord of the Ab-zu, the ‘lower world’, or ‘South’, while Enlil and Anu were Lords of the North and the Equator, or Skies and Earth.

In other words the Ab-zu may refer to the ’lowest sphere’ of the world or the self (the stomach-based, instinctive ‘reptilian’ centre); for such a stem to have led to Sin and/or sin is not an impossibility. . . indeed early forms of the name of the moon deity Sin were in the form of Su-en, providing some support to the theory. Putting aside for one moment the meanings related to sense, sentience, Sion and ‘energy/matter connecting’sinews etcetera, Mt Sinai was related semantically therefore to the reason why mankind needed the Ten Commandments; because of peoples’ inability to resist the forces of the lower spheres acting within the world and themselves. The perspective of Gurdjieff in placing the moon at the lowest of the seven divisions of the Ray of Creation likewise points to the innate connection between the moon and sin).

Of course, while scepticismregarding the relevance of the name of a place to it’s inner characteris always useful, so too isan open mind; the alternative view being that certain matters do seem to attract curious synchronicities – in the manner the pioneering Swiss psychologist Carl Jung proposed occurs in such things as place names,meetings, coincidences and numerous other ways. (The theories of Jung in this respect, plus his examination of the appearances of inexplicable flying objects in history, such as the ‘celestial battle’in the skies of Nuremberg in 1561, at Basel in Switzerland, and places in Germany in 1554, 1566, 1618 etcetera, will be examined at a later time).

There are a great many neolithic structures within Cornwall, ascribed by writers such as the authority John Michell to the druid elite of that era, who established a ground-plan of sites at key points across Britain where ley-lines met, or ran in straight lines across the landscape. Stone circles, menhirs, barrows, rows, cromlechs, logans (rocking stones), rock basins, quoitsand so on marked the places where the energies of the higher dimensions flowed with greater clarity and force.

One such form of neolithic alteration of the natural environment was the creation of quoits, stones of great size balanced upon others at such sites; Lanyon’s quoit (right), dated to c.2500-2800Bce, is one such example – Chun quoit another – among many (many of which were destroyed by zealous Puritans in the 17thcentury; see Michell’s book ‘Megalithomania’, p111-4 for more on this, as well as the extensive circles and stone features dotted around the Land’s End and Penzance area, such as at Bocawen-un, Carn Euny where a finely built stone chamber is located, Tregeseal, St Just, Sancreed and so on, just north of the Michael line and Penzance).

Boscawen-un in ancient Cornwall was a ‘gorsedd’ meeting point,where megalithic and Bronze Age kings were crowned, according to John Michell; it is just south of the A30 road leading to Penzance from the peninsula, and in fact the ring is just a few hundred metres from the Michael line, as the two pictures show. (below right and left); the lines leading outwards from the circle are what may remain of ‘the old straight tracks’ – lines of force or leys within the local environment which linked various sites such as significant hilltops across the landscape via straight trackways, as first outlined by Albert Watkins in his 1925 book of the same name.

The next point of interest on this line also raises such questions, being one of a line of hill-top churches and monasteries with the name of the arch-angel, St Michael. This is the well-known site of St Michael’s Mount in Cornwall (on the map bottom right, with the Michael and Mary line upper left), just along from Boscawen-un and the town of Penzance.

The line runs within 3kilometres (or 1.8 miles) of this site, (on the straightest line that runs through land alone rather than land and sea, as the line proposed from Carn-les-boel through St Michael’s Mount and onwards runs) – and which is near enough to raise mention due to the importance of the site;this church and island is accorded great status within English/ British sacred-sites research circles, and is actually linked to a different line of St Michael’s churches, discovered by Jean Richer as mentioned, which runs from Ireland (Skellig Michael) through Cornwall’s St Michael’s Mount, on down through France (Mont St. Michel, Normandy) Switzerland and Italy (San Michel,Turin), Greece and on into the site of Stella Maris in Haifa, Israel. All of these seven churches are quite spectacularly built and sited on hill-tops or mountains. (See the Appendix section i. for more information and pictures on this related line).

The writer Richard Heath describes the lines of churches dedicated to St Michael as being symbolic of the following;

Michael holds a golden sword, just as Mercury stands above the sun at dawn. The solar rays are a distinctive source of straight lines in nature glancing over the land as if activating it’s creative potential, while the St Michael and Apollo places are linked by straight lines often termed leylines. Like Mercury St Michael is closest to God, and similarly conveys an organizing idea of divine hierarchy as a civilizing agency… In this way, the alchemy of chaos leading to order on the surface of the planet is portrayed by Michael’s weapon penetrating the body of the dragon” (p138-9, Sacred Number and the Origins of Civilization).

The  similarity of this to Traditional Chinese Medicine’s conception of the meridians of the body, which can see the healing of the body’s ill-health by the use of acupuncture, is not coincidental – for the Chinese themselves assert often the connections between acupuncture within the individual, and Feng Shui in the environment, which seeks to change the effect of places of imbalanced energies, particularly with regard to dragon-lines, or lung-meior long xianas they are called.

It has been noted by some researchers that if the curvature of the earth is taken into account, the Michael/Apollo line endsat the foot of Mount Hermon, between Syria and Lebanon, and north of Mount Carmel. It is at Mount Hermon that Enoch states the 200 fallen angels of the nephilim descended to earth (1Enoch 6.1-6); and in Revelations 12.7-10 that they were cast down from heaven by St Michael and his angelic army… in fact Megiddo, site of Armageddon is in close proximity to Mt Carmel also; thus there appears to be quite a lot of information in antiquity pointing to this area being a key site on the surface of the planet for the interaction between the forces of chaos and order as they function upon the Earth.

In other words, the churches of St Michael, like the stone circles, rows, monoliths and menhirs etcetera throughout the land, are placed at key points upon the ‘energetic body’ of the earth’s surface, in order to ameliorate, resonate, amplify and align the higher dimensional energies, and mark significant points on the lines channelling the fertilizing energies of the planets’ life-force throughout the earth. Much as the biblical narrative of Jacob’s experience (Genesis ch.28) at Beersheba (the ‘well of Seven’) and Bethel (the ‘house of God’) records in symbolic detail the history of sacred architecture throughout mankind’s history.The consecrated stone at the ‘gateway’ point marks the position of the site, as well as refining the energies of the sun and the cosmos as they resonate through the material of dressed stone. (The inefficiency – or less efficient medium – of man-made brick in this respect is indicated in the tale of the Tower of Babel, (Gen11.1-10) which is held together by mortar of ‘slime’! Indeed the actual Tower of Babylon, the Temple of Marduk (or the Etemenanki; Temple of the foundation of heaven and earth’) which was a seven stepped ziggurat, was eventually abandoned by the time of Alexander the Great in 322Bce due largely to the degradation of the brickwork…whereas monuments such as the Egyptian pyramids and temples made of limestone, granite and sandstone etc, with individual blocks of size up to 150 tonnes in weight, still survive today, three to four thousand years after construction).

Heath further links Mercury (and it’s star of David shaped synodic period during the year), to the hexagonal patterns materials such as cooling rock take when opposing forces exert themselves upon their surfaces; likewise in many surfaces undergoing sharp energy transformations. Similarly both the skin, the atmosphere, and the sun take the form of hexagonal cells, as well as many types of liquids and solids. Heath therefore proposes Mercury – and St Michael – to be a connecting point between the lower and higher dimensions, or worlds of matter and energy. This theory is supported by the Star of David being the ‘hermetic’ symbol dedicated to Mercury (in the guise of Hermes Trismegistus),which links the different dimensions with the adage ‘As above, so below’…

One aspect of this noted by John Michell is that the lines of St Michael which travel through points of high land are believed in Chinese feng-shui to represent yang, or male energy line,while those magnetic forces which pass through lowlands and lower hills the yin principle, or ‘female’ energies. Places where the two forms of energy line meet, such as where a chain of low hills runs into higher mountains are where the ‘dragon pulse’ isat it’s strongest. Michell writes that the Chinese performed thousands of acts of aligning the environment with their perception of the telluric forces concerned, through earthworks, flattening hilltops or otherwise, terracing, planting or clearing trees, directing water features,and so on. He writes in The View over Atlantis;

“In China until recently, as long ago in Britain, every building, every stone and wood, was placed in the landscape in accordance with a magic system by which the laws of mathematics and music  were expressed in the geometry of the earth’s surface…

The main paths of planetary influence, determined by thousands of years of astronomy, were discovered in the landscape, the smaller lines that ran between them reproduced in the crags and fissures of the earth. These were the lines of dragon current, or lung-mei.” (p.56).

Thus pointing to a system, or scheme of land alteration and cultivation concerned with achieving the perfect distribution of the energies of the cosmos and earth, through the energy lines and centres discerned within the land. Michell assesses the druids’ discernment of the paths of the lines came through their lifelong reverence to nature, their celestial observations from key points on the earth’s surface, and moments of illumination at key times of the year, such as during the festivals of the equinoxes and solstices. And the main aim was to enhance the flow of cosmic energies which flow through the major and minor dragon-paths, or meridians, or leylines which fertilize the landscape in the flow of the life-force through the yearly cycle.

We will look at this in some detail when we consider the earthworks such as Silbury Hill, Europe’s highest man-made mountain, located besides Avebury, located within a number of other ley-related features. But as Michell’s main point is, the neolithic works throughout Britain, (and Europe) were a coherent ground-plan of aligning the natural environment with the energies of the heavens as they flow along meridional pathways called dragon-lines.And these natural lines of force were very often the source of the ‘old straight tracks’ between sacred sites and major settlements, whether from the local or the national, or even international sized lines… The lines of St Michael churches – for example at St Michael’s church at Carnac – on hill-tops across Europe and across the Mediterranean on into Israel are certainly among the best indications, among others, of such networks around the Earth’s sphere.


St Michael’s Mount, Marazion, Cornwall/ St Michael’s church (now derelict) Rame Head, Plymouth/ St Michael’s church, Bren Tor, on the western edge of Dartmoor /St Michael’s church, Glastonbury, Somerset

An equallyhighly significant aspect of the entire area hereis the geology of the site of Land’s End, and much of Cornwall (in a line following the general SW-NE direction of Cornwall and the M/M line) of granite rock. This is called the Cornubian Batholith, and is around 280 million years old. As can be seen,  the batholith, the shape of the land, the prevailing south-westerly wind direction, and the SW-NE Michael and Mary line all follow this same natural axis. What is of interest is the point that granite is considered a highly special form of natural stone in sacred architecture and geodesy because of it’s character; granite contains a high proportion of quartz and silicon, crystals which resonate and refine earth frequencies with a high degree of fidelity.

Also found in the Batholith are large deposits of various tins and ores, which have been mined for thousands of years; indeed research indicates that overseas trading parties travelled to Cornwall, during antiquity (from circa 2000Bce onwards), in particular for tin ore (cassiterite) without which it is impossible to produce bronze. This alloy(and it’s procurement) was a motive-force in the development of weapons, and of tools and technology throughout the ancient world around the Mediterranean, and so a significant partof the overall advance of civilization.The visitors seeking Cornish tin came not just from the Roman empire and Europe; accounts exist which point to both the Phoenicians of Syria, and the Berbers of Morocco and Tunisia from North Africa sailing to Cornwall to trade for tin. From this it is said many Gaelic words have Berber roots, as well as music instruments such as the pipes and the drums…

A curious point is that in the Bible the Bronze Serpent, the Nehushtan, or Nahash holds the alternative meaning of the ‘knower of secrets’, particularly indicating technological wisdom, as given to mankind by the gods’ (as embodied by the actions and character of the Sumerian deity Enki in previous eras). So this key area for the technology of the Bronze Age development of mankind is also a key area for the ‘dragon’ or ‘serpent-lines’ which carry celestial energies across Britain, indeed from Ireland and Britain acrosss Europe to Israel (on the Apollo and Michael line). The repeated association of the word ‘serpent’ in the Bible with chapter/verse numbers around 3.14/15 (ie Pi) points similarly to concepts of the serpent related to the spherical trigonometry of the globe, Pi being a key component of such geometries.

Quartz contains silica (SiO⁴) which is used in structural materials, microelectronics, semiconductors and so on; and due to the crystals quartz produces naturally, was considered throughout history to be part of the reason why some sites have a special ‘atmosphere’ or nature. This is because the quartz crystals in granite often produce extremely high levels of piezo-electric activity caused by the continual pressures on the rock. Examples of the (sparing) usages of granite include features mostly within the upper levels of the Great Pyramid, such as the Coffer in the King’s Chamber, some parts of the adjacent Ante-Chamber, the Ascending Passage stone blocks, and similar, ie at key points of the internal structure. One of the largest natural deposits of quartz-bearing granite in southern England is central to the geology of the area the Michael and Mary line traverses, a few miles after the Cornwall-Devon border,the River Tamar.

This is the high moor-land and surrounding farmland of Dartmoor, the largest National Park and protected open-space in (southern) England, and home to packs of wild horses, wild-grazing cattle and sheep, ancient farms and homesteads, small communities, tin-mining activities until the 19th century, forest areas and so on. Dartmoor, located in south west Devon, has  been a special area since the Neolithic era, and still bears many signs of these activitiesfromthose times; in particular, many remains from antiquity of hut circles, standing stones, stone circles, and unusually, double rows of stones.

A glance at an OS map of Dartmoor will show there are literally hundreds of these lines and circles across the moors. Some are remnants of neolithic structures for living, working or keeping livestock in; but a great many appear to have been sited for reasons of intellectual understanding, such as astronomy. Whether there is any underlying pattern or meaning – a ground plan –  to the widely distributed cairns,circles and stone rows, possibly related to the night-skiesor the compass in some way, has not been clarified over the years.

Similarly, who sited and placed these markers, and for what reasons, has not been answered fully, for understandable reasons.

One explanation – or theory – may be thatthe Druid movements of Gaelic /Celtic Europe were instrumental in the establishment of many, if not nearly all of the important sites and monoliths which still exist to this day.

The Druid-led groups were based upon practices of developedconsciousness/awareness/self-discipline and endurance, learning, worship of the forces of the world and cosmos, personal initiation rites, and so on- and it is certainly possible to envisage some form of higher consciousness-based druidic programme directing the creation of many of the stone features of Dartmoor,and across Great Britain over the 3rd and 2nd millennia Bce… indeed the world-wide nature of the Neolithic buildingprogrammes from 3,500Bce onwards, in terms of being upon major (and minor) meridian points of the world energy-grid, is something which may be centralto the subject – and yet due to the difficulties of clarifying intellectual world-viewsthrougharcheology alone, is rarely considered. Nevertheless, peoples around the world wereinspired to create astronomically significant (in terms of design, location, dimensions, and orientation) stone edifices, circles, and so forth from this period onwards, perhaps in some early instinctto begin building temples to honour and understand the Creation – and gain the protection of the Creator – as best they could.And further to this, according to virtually all the major religions of the world, they were built under the direct guidance of ‘celestial influences’…

(left; Yellowmeads stone circle, Sheep Tor, Dartmoor)

 The stone circles, menhirs, and lines of Dartmoor were first studied closely in the modern era by the respected astronomer Sir Norman Lockyer (discoverer in 1868 of the  element at the heart of the sun’s chemistry, helium, through spectroscopy, the science of analysing the lines and information different types of light have upon certain instruments), and one of the earliest proponents of archeo-astronomy in which information of a site’s age could be gained by assessing the orientation and astronomical intentions of each site’s design. Lockyer noted the unusual pattern of lines and circles, and offered some hypotheses, while reaching few certaintiesregarding their date of construction, astronomic alignments, or ‘inner meaning’.

Among the best examples of this symbolism are; Shoveldown double row leading to a four-fold circle; Yellowmead circles consisting of four concentric rings at Sheeps Tor, while a stone row runs to the north west of the circles; Scorhill circle near Gidleigh on the east of Dartmoor is an English Heritage listed monument, and has been called ‘the finest stone circle on Dartmoor’;the Grey Wethers double circle close to Fernworthy forest and circles; and of course countless other archeological sites that are dotted across the landscape, as a glance at an Ordnance Survey map of Dartmoor will show.

Based upon the common themes concerning ‘cosmic number’ which the best examples of antiquity shared in varying degrees,it may be that the lines and circles are representations of the 1 and the 0; male and female energies; the line (matter/earth) and the circle (energy/ heavens); the Yin and Yang forces of the Tao -and so on. It is apt that 1 and 0 are united symbolically in the Phi (φ) sign. Also connected is the statement of Jesus in the Bible, when he said ‘I am the Alpha and the Omega’; or the 1 and the 0. In other words, he was saying he was thefulfilment of the unison of the yin and the yang energies of the universe (!)

That the standing stones and circles fulfilled a symbolic, unifying purpose is accepted as likely. John Michell writes on the ancient forms of social gathering and structure in ‘The Sacred Centre; the ancient art of locating sanctuaries” (published 2009, although originally published in 1994 as ‘At the centre of the world; polar symbolism discovered in Celtic, Norse and other ritualized landscapes’!);

The traditional places of assembly were marked in all kinds of ways – by rocks, pillars, trees, springs, mounds, crossroads and other features. Meetings were held in dales, on hilltops, or on islets in lakes and rivers. Stone circles, ancient earthworks and menhirs were sometimes the focus. Most of these old assemblies have long been forgotten, but their memory is often retained in the traditional names of their centres and districts. All over England are hills called Moot, or Mote, tumuli named Law or Low, Shire or county oaks, Hundred thorns, and names including Gorse or Gorsey (the Welsh gorsedd), Dom or Doom (law) and Rad (Anglo-Saxon for raed, council) and so on. Law courts were laid out in many different ways . . . they were typically held on natural or artificial mounds commanding a wide-view of their district. At the centre was a tree, stone or pit, or combination of these things, and the periphery was defined by one or more rings of stone, or earth. The first formality consisted of ‘fencing’ the court, that is, drawing and marking it’s boundary”. – thus bringing us back to concepts of the ‘rod and ring’ from Sumer and ‘shen-ring’ in Egypt, of a circle established by the deities of the cosmos, or the sovereign of the land, to establish the ‘bounds’ within which (divine) order prevailed. In other words a symbolic ring of protection which encircled the land of the nation, or indeed, the Creation. The calibration and measurement role of these ‘rod-and-rings’ is something we shall see was important in defining the distances within the land, and as significantly, between sacred places; and is shown by the length of the rod, and the loop also (See the Sumerian/Assyrian deity of the sun Shamash in the ‘Tablet of Shamash’ from Sippar, c.885Bce, shown right).

The four-rayed circle emblem is possibly representative of the Earth as it receives the energies of heaven and disburses them to the four points of the compass; precisely as the four rivers of the Garden of Eden so do. The chair or table below the circle represents the four-square reality of the material earth likewise, and a close look at the image will show the two symbols on the chair upon which the main symbol is placed are effectively omphalos marker-stones, indicating the importance of distances between key places on the earth’s surface; while the date-palm tree beside it is symbolic of the heaven-earth axis, or the World-Tree, from which the blessings of heaven fertilize the earth. Some researchers, such as Tom von Bakkel propose that Sumerian symbols for the date-palm and it’s fruit were also representative of the womb, (‘The magical meaning of cedars and palm-trees on cylinder seals’ published on, thus reinforcing the meanings of fertility (see right for Sumerian symbol for both meanings, from the word ’pes’, womb or palm-frond);.This geometry is at the heart of the Gothic cathedrals design in many instances – for example at Chartres cathedral, built in the 12th century. The system shown here(below left) is derived by creating a double system of triangles around the centre-point of the horizontal and vertical lines, on each axis of symmetry.As can be seen, the triangles are all in the proportion of 1:√3 /2, ie 1: 0.866 in terms of width or slope ; height. This template is effectively derived from the axis lines within the centre area of the Vesica Piscis. (below centre, where each rhombus is in the same proportion).The Tree of Life stela appears to reproduce a similar symbol of the geometric relations of the double triangle, which thus appears to have some semantic connections to the ‘Way of Life’, from Sumer onwards.

To return to the Tablet of Shamash from Assyria in the 9th century Bce, the two deities or protective spirits above the ‘canopy’ are possibly ‘protective spirits’, (similar to the pair of Ningishzida and Dumuzi in Sumerian myths),who appear to be maintaining the integrity of the four rayed symbol, while also measuring it; much akin to the angels mentioned already in 1Enochch.61, who descended to the material plane in order to bring Enoch through the heavens, as well as other angels then encountered during his journey;

And I saw in those days that long cords were given to those angels, and they took to themselves wings,

and flew, and went towards the north . . . and the angel said to me “They went out to measure. . . and these measures will reveal all the secrets of the depths of the earth. . . . and these measures will be given to faith, and will strengthen the word of justice . . . and he will judge all the deeds of the holy ones in heaven”.

Egyptian artworks in the Book of the Dead from 1330Bce (the ‘Papyrus of Queen Nejmet’) depicting the journey of the Pharaoh’s spirit through the Duat, (the ‘afterlife’) likewise depicted similar pairs of ‘angels’ with cords(far left,top and bottom) who were located standing besides/measuring identical ‘omphalos’ (‘umbilical’) marker-stones (similar to those of Delphi), at significant heaven-earth gateways upon the Earth’s surface. So these themes begin to show a great deal of inner meaning, and coherence across all the main civilizations of antiquity. A point in example is the already noted narrative of the experience of the grandson of Abraham, Jacob when he stayed overnight near to Beersheba, the ‘Well of Seven*; and saw a ladder between heaven and the earth, ; he named the site Bethel the next day, and marked it ceremonially with a stone, which he consecrated by pouring oil upon; “And this stone, which I have set for a pillar, shall be God’s house; and of all that thou shalt give meI will surely give the tenth unto thee” (Gen.28.22)

*And indeed, the two symbols of divine energy, the Well of Seven, and the palm-tree, are conjoined in the Bible by Abraham; “Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beer-sheba, and called there on the name of Yahweh, the everlasting God”.(Gen.21.33).

Metaphors of the Oak tree as a world-axis are similarly extensive within the Old Testament (see Joshua 24.24-6)and may be seen to be linguistically linked to other words and concepts of strength, or foundation, or heaven-earthpole,etc; ox, oak, axis, octave, oss (bone) and so on, with such words having their roots in Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit, Hebrew, Greek, Roman, and nearly all European languages since, (and maybe even the Akkadian early-semitic language form. . .)

And the themes these concepts concern are equally a part of the meaning of the stone circles and rows and menhirs of Dartmoor; as well as the energy-lines this section is studying, as they carry the energies of lifethrough the land upon (geometric)key axis-lines.

Michell continues; “Inside the fence was the hallowed ground, where rules of conduct were prescribed by law and religion. These assemblies had one basic purpose, to uphold standards in all things legal, cultural and physical . . matters of inheritance, land rights, and lawsuits between neighbours were settled locally. Cultural standards were maintained by bardic and musical competitions; there were athletic contests, trials of craftsmanship and stock breeding, and displays representing every aspect of social life . . . for a week people did their own business, arranging deals and marriages, and socializing at fairs and parties. In pagan times every law gathering was held on the feast day and at the sanctuary of a certain god. That same authority maintained the principles of free expression, protecting the rights of anyone who spoke within the sacred enclosure”.

This quote may give a small snapshot into the workings and beliefs of societies within England, Britain and indeed Europe in the Neolithic era, through the Bronze and Iron ages, while showing the importance of the conceptssuch as the 0 and the 1, or the ring and the standing stone/stone row, from druidic times onwards. . . and this is without even beginning to assess the astronomical uses of the same design(s) for understanding mathematically the cycles of the stars and planets, as well as the measures of the Earth; nor how the ‘sacred’ places across Britain or France etcetera may have been geographically, and geometrically linked, through some form of surveyance and measurement. The circles of Dartmoor are so extensive though, and the moorland is so sparsely inhabitable for much of the year, that it is hard to understand what their original primary purpose was, unless every small community perhaps built them for social purposes (?) perhaps under the overall guidance of a druid elite or cadre with accepted religious authority. Then they would have been possibly built to some overall ground plan while performing all of the associated societal functions too, as many small ‘omphalos’ points within the land. As Dartmoor is one of the few areas of Britain which has never been built on since the beginning of antiquity circa 3500 Bce, perhaps the entire land once possessed a similar high frequency of such monuments; or perhaps the different nature of valley and lowlands meant other less ‘durable’ types of meeting points were preferred, such as at sacred streams, trees, groves, river-crossings and so on. To return to Michell’s analysis;

Open-air assemblies in historical times were often held at stone circles and other megalithic sites thousands of years old. An example is the beautiful, secluded Boscawen-un stone circle in west Cornwall, referred to in the old Welsh Triads as a gorsedd, or meeting place of bardic lawgivers . . it provides the focus for many of the standing stones in the surrounding country, which are precisely aligned on it In King’s ‘Munimenta Antiqua’ it is said Boscawen-un was a place where kings were elected. Other stone circles, the Rollright Stones in Oxfordshire, and the Derbyshire circle the Nine Ladies have similar legends”.

And as importantly, “From these centres the land was measured out and given fixed borders. One of the traditional ruler’s main duties was to uphold the divisions and landmarks, and that was symbolized by the measuring rod he received at the ceremony of installation. By virtue of this rod he was enabled to mete out justice. Every Celtic chief bore such a rod. It’s polar symbolism was emphasized by it’s length, which if graded by the ancient geodetic units, was a specific fraction of the Earth’s axis.

Once chosen, the king was irradiated with the mystical power of the centre . . .at the point of mediation between the law of heaven and the will of the people. It’s ritual boundaries, defining the spiritual, astrological limits of each section, may have been marked by the straight alignment of stone pillars like those that converge on Boscawen-un and other stone circles” (p15-17).

Thus Michell connects the omphalos points of certain stone circles and menhirs with the ‘geometric’ centre of neolithic societies and kingdoms – and the granting of kingship at such sites confirmed their alignment with the measures of the land, and the Earth;

in this way pointing to a society and it’s people living(to whatever extent possible )inharmonic balance with the land and the cosmos.

And one final point on this subject, is that from antiquity onwards in England was the custom of marking all distances within Britain to a certain centrally located stone, particularly in London; there is a marker stone dating to Roman times (the city was based around the area between where St Paul’s and the Tower of London later were built) called the London Stone, which is still present behind a grating near Cannon Street. “Antiquarians have seen it as the old Roman Terminus, the stone sacred to Jupiter, which stood at the centre of every Roman city . . .(located on the N-S and E-W streets axis), it replicated the ‘golden milestone’ within the Forum at Rome that marked the centre of the Roman empire” (p.4).Jupiter represented in antiquity the sphere of justice, righteousness, order, and civilization, confirming the positive nature of such stones, although the geodetic geometries of their location are far less sophisticated or complex than those of the earlier neolithic era!

In science, the entire computer age is likewise built upon 1 and 0, ie binary code; this numerical form was invented primarily by Willhelm Leibniz in 1770, in Germany. What is less well known about this, though accepted as fact, isthat he was inspired in this by his studies of the Chinese system of wisdom and divination, the I-Ching; thesystem of divination which consists of binary choices (yin or yang)to create trigrams, or hexagrams, of 3 or 6 lines of 1/0 symbols.

The common tradition in China is that the ‘heavenly guide’ of FuHsi (and his sister NaKua) introduced the I-Ching and it’s wisdom to early Chinese society – as well as writing, music, marriage and other facets of civilization. Very much as Enki/ Ea/ Oannes was characterized in Sumer as a serpent hybrid-deity associated with water and the piscine. The fertility deity Ningiszida, who in mythology was a ‘gate-keeper’ (whose name associated him with the Tree of Life)* along with Dumuzi in the Babylonian Myth ofAdapa, brought a human being from earth to the celestial palace of Anu, was sometimes depicted in similar form;*(akin to SimonPeter, whose symbol, the Keys of St Peter contain the same geometries of two interacting lines crossing a central axis, and whose role was to form a connection between the ‘heavens and the earth’, as this phrase is used several times within Simon Peter’s narrative, such as Matthew 16.18-19, ie φ, and 18.18, ie 100/5.5). Here are some representations from antiquity of serpents arrayed in double-helices, much like the two Michael and Mary lines as they cross each other in ‘sine-waves’ upon a central axis .

Ningishzida (in between guardian ‘dragons’ called Mushussu) from the Libation vase of Gudea, Sumer c.2,800Bce

Column with bas-relief ofintertwinedNagas male and female deities, from the Hindu temple at Belur, India.

Chinese depiction of FuHsi and NaKua, holding instruments to measure the ‘round’ heavens, and the ‘square’ earth,

with various constellations outlined around them. From Astana cemetery, c.650Ad, at Xinjiang Museum, China.

Greek emblem of Mercury the Caduceus, with central axis symbolic of the ‘spine’ and the two ‘hemispheres’ of the brain;

and perhaps pineal gland?

The basis of all living matter – the double helix of Deoxyribonucleic acid – DNA.

And as with the Sumerian deities Enki and Nin-ti, Fu Hsi and Nakua ‘created’ mankind, by using clay to shape the bodies which they then brought to life. (in other words infusing the earthly DNA of the early ‘proto-humans’ with the celestial genes of the ‘gods’). FuHsi is also believed to have introduced the worship of the PaKua, the eight-sided symbol at the heart of the I-Ching trigrams (which in detail bear some resemblance to the inner structures of DNA!)

To return to our study of Dartmoor and the energy line(s) which pass through it, the Michael and Mary line (similarly intertwining ‘male’ and ‘female’ lines) enters the national park on the lower west side of the National Park, just 2-3miles past Tavistock as it runs past the small settlement of Mary Tavy, and the St Michael’s Mount church, at Bren Tor, at a distance of a few hundred metres from the line;

As mentioned this is the 3rd church named after St.Michael which occupies the peak of a hill, in Cornwall and Devon. A fourth example is the (now derelict) St Michaels Mt at Rame Head near Plymouth.

St Michael’s church, Bren Tor, Dartmoor. This tor is the small circular feature just below right of the dot on the line at the left of the picture. A mile or less southwards lies the village of Mary Tavy, and a little further east of that is Peter Tavy. (A surprising number of sites along the Michael and Mary line have some form of connection to St Peter; possibly because of his geometric symbol the Keys of St Peter, and as his role appears to similarly be concerned with the energies of both heaven and earth . . .)

One of the most interesting points concerning the Michael and Mary line’s route across Dartmoor is related to a curious aspect of this area of Dartmoor; in the area south of High Willhays/north of White Tor/Tavy Cleave,  an area of just c.4miles square can be seen to be the ‘source’ of nine of the biggest rivers of Devon! It is a matter of fact that Dartmoor’s geology, plus ecology of peat and moss make much of Dartmoor a massive aquifer retaining great amounts of water beneath the ground. And incredibly still, this smallarea of upper moorland spaced around the M/M line contains the starting-points for the following nine major rivers (the river heads are indicated by the nine blue dots, two above the line, seven below. The tor located above the line , High Willhays, at 621 metres height is the highest point on Dartmoor, and indeed, in southern Britain);

Each of these rivers is a main waterway through Devon, with areas, valleys and even council areas named after them, as well as medium-sized towns such as Tavistock, Teignmouth, Dartmouth, Okehampton etc. The last column figures are the proximity of each of the river sources (heads) to the M/M line as it transits Dartmoor.

RiverLength of river    where flows to               Distance of source – M/M line      
TEIGN31 milesTeignmouth/ English Channel2.1 m           
TAW45 milesBarnstaple / Atlantic1.0 m        
EAST DART47 milesDartmouth / English Channel1.2 m           
WEST DART47 milesDartmouth / English Channel3.0 m           
EAST OKEMENT50 milesr.Torridge / Bristol Channel0.28 m         
WEST OKEMENT50 milesr.Torridge / Bristol Channel0.9 m           
TAVY61 milesr.Tamar/ Plymouth / Channel2.8 m         
WALKHAM8 milesr.Tavy/ Tamar / Plymouth/ “2.9 m          
LYD9 milesr.Tamar/ Plymouth/ Channel1.9 m        

* this may not be clear proof of the existence of ley-lines, or energy-fields etc; only that somemeaningful phenomenaoccur along the lines indicated by the hexagonal geometries considered … so, for example, any geologists or geographers may argue that it is perfectly natural for all these rivers to originate in a small area of the highest points on Dartmoor –as it perhaps contains beneath it’s surface an enormous aquifer /reservoir, which then gives rise to these rivers accordingly;but in being so close to the 366 mile long M/M line it offers some support to this book’s contention that matter follows energy – which itself flows according to natural principles;“Man follows the earth. The earth follows the universe. The universe follows the Tao”–as written by the Chinese sage Lao Tzu,circa 500 Bce. This can be read equally as, ‘the earth creates man; the universe creates the earth; and the Tao creates the universe.’

One particular point of note is the curious collection of cairns, hut and stone circles, and stone rows around the eastern-most edge of Dartmoor; in the vicinity of Cosdon Hill, the River Taw and Belstone (Tor and village).

  What is noteworthy is, firstly, the double stone-row situated on eastern slope of Cosdon Hill. Because, if a line is traced from this double-row westwards, it points directly across the valley through which the river Tawthreads it’s way, to a cairn circle atop the Belstone Tor ridge (potentially explaining its alignment). And  half akilometre north along the tor’s peak down towards the village is another cairn circle, this called ‘the Nine Maidens’ stone circle… whether this stone row/circle relationship is the actual reason for the stone line’s alignment is unclear;  yet the coincidence is noticeable, as is the proximity to the M/M line, and to the small area where Dartmoor gives rise to nine of Devon’s largest rivers. And it is yet another example of neolithic symbolism uniting the 0 and the 1.

Cosdon Hill lays on the edge of the north-eastern side of the national park, easily visible from up to 15 miles distance, such is it’s imposing height and size; around two miles broad,and 550metres high, it faces Belstone Tor across the river valley.

 The M/M line travels a short distance south of Cosdon beacon,less than a mile, traversing within yards of the White Moor Stone  and cairn circle of Little Hound Tor, before leaving the moors and entering the agricultural land of Gidleigh, Throwleigh, and onwards into midwest-Devon.

Scorhillstone row and circle,  near Gidleigh, East Dartmoor.

The Challacombe Stone at the end of a stone row, Challacombe Down, Dartmoor. The ancient hill-dwellers hut circle site of Grimspound is in the background.⇨

From the eastern edge of upper Dartmoor near to Cosdon Hill the Michael and Mary line traverses Devon along its inclined path of 61° towards Taunton and Somerset. Some 30 miles from there, the line runs within a mile of Glastonbury Tor, which is on a notional line midway between Bristol in the north, and Dorchester on the south coast.

Glastonbury Tor, and St Michael’s church at it’s peak, are linked in myth to severalkey figures; both King Arthur and Merlin in Gaelic/Celtic mythology are said to have lived or visited here,and it is believed to be the Isle of Avalon of Arthurian legend;and some myths exist that Jesus visited here during his travels in the ‘hidden’period of his life, between 14-28 years of age.

Additionally,it has long been a legend of Glastonbury and England that Joseph of Arithmea and 11 other missionaries arrived in the aftermath of Jesus’ crucifixion, in Ad 37, sent over from Gaul by St Philip. This narrative is supported as far back in time as the 2nd century, in the writings of Origen and Tertullian, and the English historian and cleric Gildas in the 6th century. Incredibly the dates of the establishment of the ‘English Christian church’ therefore are earlier than that of the Roman Catholic church established around Ad 65 by St Peter! Something which Henry VIII was quick to invoke when the English church split with Rome in 1545…

Myth has it that Joseph and his 11 companions were given land by the ruling king, where they built a round church, and established a twelve-sided building plan around it, aligning their community with the dodecahedral number scheme of the heavens.

John Michell has this to say about it; “Glastonbury has been described as Britain’s only true shrine, the omphalos or Temple of Britain and the English Jerusalem. It was Avalon, the western isle of the dead, a centre of the ancient mysteries, known from the earliest times as a place of supreme natural sanctity”. (City of Revelations, p27).

Glastonbury has been said to be one of the major confluence points of ley-lines within the world, according to widespread ‘New Age’ beliefs,  making it one of the most sacred sites in Britain, if not the world;the close proximity of the Michael and Mary line lends some support to such assertions; as does the church being named after St Michael, since the 11th or 12th century.

Of particular interest, concerning previous chapters mention of sacred sites being located directly over subterranean water-courses, such as Chartres Cathedral, is the spring known as the Chalice Well,which flows out from the base of Glastonbury Tor

Among the many denomination churches and places of worship in Glastonbury town is one set up by the Sufi leader Sheikh Nazim Al-Haqqani in  1999; the Sheikh, a leader of the Naq’shbandi Order of sufis said when doing so; “Glastonbury is the spiritual heart of England. . . it is from here that the spiritual new age will begin and to here that Jesus will return” !!

The Naq’shbandi (‘symbol-makers’) order incidentally traces it’s roots to Bauhauddin Naqshbandi, the 11th generation descendant of the 11th Mahdi; something we examine in the Bible section on Cosmic number, St Peter and the Nagas.

St Michael’s church on Glastonbury Tor.

A further forty miles or so along the line, in Wiltshire, is the World Heritage Site of Stonehenge and Avebury and several other closely linked sites; the WHS is a composite designation, covering the distance of about 15miles between the two main locations, and a host of related archeologically valuable cairns,earthworks,barrows, stone rows and circles.

 Also included, as further world class examples of megalithic/neolithic/bronze-age environment-shaping are sites 10-15 miles from Stonehenge, such as Woodhenge, Avebury village/earthworks, Silbury Hill, West Kennet Long barrow, Beckhampton Avenue and the Sanctuary; numerous smaller barrows, and so on… comprising some of the best-known and most significant Neolithic sites in England, all within close proximity of Avebury in Wiltshire.

Avebury village, the Beckhampton Avenue (at Avesbury Trusloe)

Silbury Hill, West Kennet long barrow, the Sanctuary stone row and circle, East Kennet long barrow, several other barrows, and the start of the ancient road the Ridgeway are all within this picture; as well as the Michael and Mary line obviously.

As shown Avebury at top has an avenue or row of standing stones leading south-westwards to Beckhampton, (called the Adam and Eve stones, alongside long stones and a long barrow at Beckhampton), a row of stones leading south-eastwards down to East Kennet long barrows and the Sanctuary, and directly south of the village is Silbury Hill, with the West Kennet long barrow  a field’s length across the road further south, just westwards of the Sanctuary located between West and East Kennet! So it is one of the most extensively developed areas in the entirety of England for the neolithic age of the 4th millennium Bce, (indeed is likewise one of the country’s primary historical and archeological areas even today, explaining why it is a World Heritage Site), and appears to be laid out according to some form of geographic or geometric plan, almost certainly with some formof intention.

Sir William Stukeley the English scholar and antiquarian visited and drew this diagram of Avebury and surrounding neolithic sites and edifices, in 1724. He ascribed the area’s various connected sites as being the work of the Druids as stated traditionally, aimed at creating the alchemy of the serpent and the circle within the energy-filled landscape. It is curious considering how concerned with the fertilization of the landthese man-made ‘cultivations’, and natural meridians are, that this drawing resembles the male spermatozoa, and the female egg…

Avebury Henge comprises 3 extensive concentric stone circles, built around Avebury village, in a rarely encountered, and intriguing design; there is little doubt the entirety was designed and built with astronomical/ stellar/ religious considerations in mind, as several studies of the inner geometries of the village have hypothesized.

It is one of the largest-area stone circles in the entire world, which along with the other features of the area no doubt contributed to it being made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the 20th century. It is worth noting here the number of crop circles which have appeared in this county in particular is incredibly high, something which again is a matter with no clear or certain answers. And of course, the potential meanings/ information encoded into the geometrically-based and artistically sophisticated designs offer much food for thought; many symbols of antiquity are based upon the geometry of the squared, or quartered circle for example, which since Sumerian times was used to depict the four directions of the compass, or the four seasons within the circle of the year.

Avebury Henge, the largest stone circle in Europe.

Avebury standing stones/circles, with earthworks visible to right.

That the entire area has many outstanding examples of neolithic building works conceived with sacred, and astronomicaldesigns is clear. Richard Heath notes the orientation of many neolithic sites to the points of the compass; “Megalithic tombs are generally oriented towards a solstice, to catch the sun’s light at sunrise or sunset. Thus the basics of meaning for a centre become associations of local land features with the sky, to which can be added geometrical and metrical associations” (p.96,op.cit)

The circular shaping of the various henges attests to their geometric uses as solar,lunar and stellarobservatories/calculators; as such the equinoxes and solstices of the solar year were indicated with stone pillars marking the limits of the sun’s ‘wanderings’north or south of direct East on the dates which define the seasons of the year; March/ June/ Sept/ December 21st;. As well as a way of delineating the highest and lowest angles of the sun in the south during the year at the two solstices, with the equinoxes at  mid-point. (thus the four points of the sun in the south forming a cross which is identical to the ufo’s seen over Nuremberg in 1561 and depicted by Hans Glaser)

Indeed Richard Heath points out in ‘Sacred Number and the Origin of Civilizations’ the skills shown by the druidic elite(s) of the Neolithic eras from circa 3800 Bce;

The creation of a solar calendar requires a centre, formed either by a solitary standing stone or by surrounding a central stone with a circle of stones. The centre can then be aligned with one of the surrounding stones or a standing stone in the middle distance or even a feature on the horizon . . . The longer the sightline the more accurate the alignment.

While the culture of the megalithic is long gone, the monuments and their alignments remain. Though still enigmatic to science, the alignments demonstrate knowledge of the sky and a high degree of competence in the measurement of angles both in the sky and on the land. This means that the observation of the sky had intensified the skill of counting, through marks, into a capacity to measure angles” (p14).

An example of the incredible aptness these monument builders had as regards the deeper framework ofthe world energy-grid is, in addition to their own complex geometric networks, as the writer Robin Heath notes, the latitude of the centre of the Avebury circle; this is 51.42 73°N – so therefore Avebury is precisely 1/7th of the Earth’s polar circumference on a line around the earth which crosses the poles, as 360/7  = 51.428, something clearly intentional considering the (geometric) accuracy and sophistication of so many of the sites of the Neolithic era, such as Stonehenge, designed and built with the ability to calculate numerous long-term astronomical and calendrical data. As Heath states, an identifying feature of the most advanced megalithic constructions of antiquity is that the monuments have a ‘numerical, metrological and astronomical basis’. (Heath, op.cit, p13). How exactly such a ‘cosmic’ and geodetic awareness could have found it’s way into the monuments and ‘grids’ of the druids remains unanswered.

 The Michael and Mary line passes within about 2500 metres (2.5km/1.6m) of Avebury; yet as can be seen from William Stukeley’s 1724 drawing, there are several connected sites much closer to the line.

Silbury Hill, Avebury,  dating to around 3500 Bce

South eastwards towards Overbury (and the start of the Ridgeway)and the Michael and Maryline lies the Avenue, a double row of  around 100 standing stones running a length of c.1.5miles. On a map it resembles a line connected to the circle of Avebury, in the manner noted on Dartmoor of occasional connections of rows and circles.It is certainly possible to view their potent(ial) symbolism of the body (spine) and the head, the line and the circle (and  phi φ symbol therefore) within this site’s geometries.

  The Avenue dates to at least 1800-2500 Bc. The first modern survey of the site was by John Aubrey, the famous 17th century antiquarian and writer.

A mile to the south of Avebury, and west of the Avenue, toward the M/M line (c.0.6miles distance) is Silbury Hill – the largest human-built mound in Europe, at around 125-30 feet highand 500 feet in diameter. It also is part of the Avebury WHS, dating back to c2400Bc. Why it was built is not clear, but the number of features in the area,and their proximity to the M/M line does offer tentative support to the existence of some sort of coherent ‘ground plan’ during the period they were created.In addition to it’s inherent features, there are some surprising synchronicities between Silbury Hill and the Great Pyramid;

The Pyramid is at 30°N, and 51.84° angle of slope; Silbury Hill is  at 51.41°N and 30° angle…and of course the shape of Silbury Hill is similar to that of the pyramids, even to the detail of having a flattened apex. It is the largest human constructed hill in Europe, and still retains many of it’s mysteries today, being too large for a complete archeological study (unlike in the 18th and 19th centuries when some notorious ‘antiquarians’ in Britain would not only dig up such historic mounds and tumuli etc looking for buried treasure, but would actually destroy them completely in doing so..!

Immediately next to Silbury are more fine examples of theCopper (4500-3300Bce) and Bronze age(3300-1200Bce) periods;

In a field just across the road is the West KennetLong barrow (shown left) 300 feet long, 60 feet wide and 6-10feet high inside; it is estimated to date from somewhere around 3800 Bce according to dating of bones found within it, being apparently built and used as a stone-lined earthen tumulus for the ‘burial’ of human bones and remains ofancestors andrelatives. The antiquarians John Aubrey and William Stukeley both visited the Long barrowin the 17/18th centuries and described it in their works; even today it is viewed as a central energetic site by Wiccan and New Age adherents etc, as a place of worship and connection.

 Modern archeologists found fewer than 60 people’s remains when theyopened/dug the long barrow, indicating that these sites very likely provided some other function, suchas a communal place of gathering and worship for the wider community(for all significant dates and events).

With regard to the M/M line, quite incredibly, theline passes through thesame field as the West Kennet Long barrow, directlybetween the two barrows of West and East Kennetjust besides the road which passes Silbury Hill;

(right) Silbury Hill (top left of map), West Kennet longbarrow (between Silbury and the Michael/ Mary line), the Sanctuary line and circle (left, where the line crosses the road at the Sanctuary, the start of the Ridgeway, and several other barrows /neolithic features).

Likewise, a field or two further along the M/M linecrosses the stone-row line leading to the circle of the Sanctuary – passingwithin 20feet(6 metres), ie effectively beneath it. The Sanctuary is an English Heritage- protected stone and timber circle (consisting of 58 stones/ 62 post-holes, dating from the mid to late Neolithic era, between 3000- 2000 Bc),which are arranged in several concentric circles.

The Sanctuary is connected to Avebury village/circle by a 1.5 mile long row of standing stones called The Avenue. (thus forming a triangle of sorts between Avebury, Silbury Hill, and the Sanctuary).

This line and circle symbolism of the Avenue and Sanctuary is reminiscent again of the 1 and 0 concept – and where the M/M line passes through the two is the point where line and circle meet.This is eerily similar to the siting of Giza on the Nile, at the ‘neck-point’ between the Nile and it’s Delta region, the shape of the Nile having been compared to the spine/brain-stem/head/central nervous system of a human for at least a century now. As we have seen, the point at the back of the head is called the ‘occiput’, or ‘occipital gate’ in Tai Chi, and relates to the octave (8), as mid-point between the heavenly dimensions (12) and the earthly dimensions (4). The word ‘axis’ likewise shares the same etymological roots to octave,ox, oak(both symbols of backbone/ strength/ foundation/World Tree),oss (as in ‘bone’/ foundation),and so on. In Sumerian artworks the ‘deity’ Shamash places a pine-cone (phi/pineal/tetractys/pyramid symbol?) into the occiput of the man by the Tree of Life, representing the story of the infusion of celestial genetics -and hence consciousness – into the human body,at the midwayaxis point between energy (spirit) and matter. The pineal gland, also called the ‘parietal eye’, while being only the size of a grain of rice, is called in Eastern terminology the ‘third eye’, andin western philosophy was called ‘the seat of the soul’ by Descartes.Likewise the 2nd century philosopher Galen considered the pineal gland to be a central organ concerned with the function ofjoining the body with the higher self. It is not only placed at the lower rear of the head at the occipital and parietal areas of the skull where the brainstem joins to the brain, but was actually named after the pine-cone. The gland is actually sited between the two hemispheres of the brain, affirming it’s  central position upon the main axis within the body, indeed it is the only part of the brain which receives blood directly from the bloodstream, being placed outside of the blood/brain barrier.

As can be seen from the Sumerian/ Assyrian stela the Tree of Life, the symbolism contained within this image is extensive and multi-levelled. To right below; the site of the pineal gland within the head (the blue dot to rear of brain-stem, sited directly between the left and right hemispheres of the brain);to left; the Sumerian/ Assyrian Tree of Life stela.

There are many examples and variations of this tableaux from different cities and areasthroughout the three millennia Bce, ie Sumer, Assyria and Babylon, giving some indication of how much significance was placed upon the message(s) placed within the complex symbolism.Note the symbolism of the ‘ribbon’ from the man’s head, as possibly referring to the human spine and brain-stem. More detail on the history of this incredible symbol will be posted later this year.

From the Sanctuary,the M/M line then passes acrossthe road mentioned, (A4003) and through a whole series of English Heritage and UNESCO protected barrows within the near vicinity. It is here that the ancient road the Ridgeway has it’s present-day starting point. And a quite incredible cos# coincidence occurs at this exact point; as it is measured from Land’s End to where the road turning opposite the Sanctuary begins the ancient Ridgeway, this is 193.55 miles distance. Meaning that from here to the Great Yarmouth line-end, is the distance of 172.8 miles exactly – in other words exactly twice 86.4 miles (this being the main value or harmonic of the Sun at 864,000 miles diameter, of  86,400 seconds in the 24 hour period, and so on), and likewise exactly half of 345.6 miles, another (related) value with many applications throughout subjects connected with cosmic#. For instance, a circle of 11 units has a circumference (22/7 x 11) of 34.56 units,equalledby the perimeter of a square with 8.64 length sides; also, 1/720 of the world’s equatorial circumference, ie half a degree, is 34.56 miles. The Grand Gallery in the Great Pyramid, (symbolic of the upper spine as it enters the ‘brain’/ head level of the pyramid, containing the Ante Chamber and King’s Chamber, plus star-shafts)similarly has a maximum height of 345.6 to 346.1 inches, (ie. 28.8 feet – another cos#) according to the precise measurements of Sir Flinders Petrie a century ago. (That there is much more cos# and symbolism attached to the details of the internal structures of the Pyramid is examined in the Egypt and Giza section).

And equally relevantly, the vertical ‘back-bone’ of (the three ley-lines of) England, from the Isle of Wight to Holy Isle, Lindisfarne measures 346.4 miles or thereabouts in length, a tiny difference to the 345.6 value of such significance.

That some of these cos# values are in discrete proportions to the measures of the world is a basic tenet, established in antiquity; thus the Equatorial circumference of the world is = 1000 x 360 x 365.24 ft (ie 24,902m or 40,068.5km, compared to accepted values of 24,901.4m/40,065.7 km).

One degree of the earth’s circumference  ie 1/360 = 111.2 km, or 69.12 miles, (which also equals π x 22; so π x 11 = 34.56).

Likewise therefore 1/720 of the circumference = 34.56 miles; and 720 = 1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x 5 x 6 (!). This x 7 = the Earth’s + the Moon’s radii added together, ie 3960 + 1080 = 5040; which also equals 7 x 8 x 9 x 10 !

Moreover, both miles and feet units are a discrete fraction of the measures of the Earth, something which gives them this added significance in all sacred sites ratios, measurements and distances; but also to time as measured as the number of seconds and hours it takes for the Earth’s full circumference to turn 360 degrees.

And as Michell and Richard Heath explore in their books, the main fractions of the Earth can be expressed by using four of the first five prime numbers, namely, 2, 3, 5, (7) and 11. All five of which are key numbers within sacred geometry and cosmic#; the first three with their square roots, and 7 and 11 as we have seen prevalent in the Great Pyramid due to being fractions of Pi (22/7), and therefore central to all questions of spherical trigonometry, as well as abstract maths and physics.

So the mile is;              = 2⁵ x 3 x 5 x 11 = 5280 feet.

The Earth’s Eq. radius is = 2³ x 3²x 5 x 11 = 3960 miles.

And the Great Pyramid = 2⁵x 3 x 5 = 480 feet…

That the length of a mile = 5280 feet, shows that both measures may have been derived originally in Egypt, with regard to the Great Pyramid, and the Pyramid with regard to the proportions of the Earth, as the height of the edifice measured at 480 feet, makes it exactly 1/11 of a mile in height.Likewise the radius of the earth, 3,960 miles / 11 = 360.

The height of the pyramid is also almost exactly 1/43,200 of the polar radius of the earth, which = 3,950m/6,356km. In fact, the closest height obtained of the pyramid is 481.4 feet, which makes it 1/43,323 of the polar radius, very close to the 43.3 % ratio of the height of each half of the vertical axis of the Vesica Piscis, (ie 0.866/2),and the 432,500 mile radius (865,000mile diameter) of the sun.If the number of feet in a mile is divided by 481.4, the result is not actually thus 1/11, but 1/10.9 6.

This, however, is almost as significant a value within astronomic terms as the harmonic of 11 – for the number of earth diameters across the diameter of the sun is 1: 109.25; the number of solar diameter’s across the Earth’s orbit at aphelion is 109.26; the number of sidereal days in 1 lunar orbit is 27.322, which x 4 = 109.2; while the nominally unrelated (to orbital period) ratio of the moon’s diameter to the earth’s is 27.322%, or conversely that of the earth to the moon is 366% !) and the size of the Moon’scircumference in kilometres is 10,920… (all figures re 109.2 from Knight and Butler, op.cit).

Another example is that the Earth’s polar circumference = 24,883.2 miles – which is exactly 12⁵/10, ie 248,832/ 10…

Similarly reflective of the harmonies of both the planet and the form of measurement, the mean Earth radius can be expressed as 12⁶x 7 feet (ie. 3,958.7 miles, compared to NASA measurement of 3,959miles…)

To recap, we started this section not knowing whether there would be any points of interest on the ‘energy-linesalong the inner geometries’ of England…yet these are some of the most complex, and important sites of the neolithic era(s) in the entire country. And these (sacred)sites could not have been better placed on and around the St Michaelline if it had been marked on the ground, circa 3000 Bce!

(And as we shall consider at the end of this section, a crop circle (see left)which appeared overnight nearby Silbury Hill on 27/6/2007 has some fascinating connections to the Great Pyramid, as well as to the Octave – plus the squared circle! See the Appendix at the end of the section).

As a foot-note, the road from Silbury hill heading to Marlborough, where the Sanctuary is sited,hasthe traces of a Roman road running beside it at this point according to the OS map; yet another example ofhow the trackways and roads of antiquity were very often in broad alignment with energy-pathways. So for example, the Ridgeway walking route, an 87 mile (139km) route from Overton Hill near Swindon, Wilts to Ivinghoe in Bedfordshire follows much the same trajectory as the M/M line, on a SW-NE diagonal bearing. In fact as we have seen, the Ridgeway Trailhead begins exactly at this key juncture of the M/M line at the Sanctuary stone row and circle besides West and East Kennet long barrows, at the turning on the other side of the road to the Sanctuary –as can be seen on the map, where the Michael line passes directly through – and travels140 kilometres to Ivinghoe Beacon near Tring in Bedfordshire, where it is just three or sofield lengths north of the M/M line… (and just a mile further along fromhere on the Michael lineis the ‘lion (of the ground)’ symbol at Whipsnade Zoo, again, around 2-300 metres north of the line). The Ridgeway, incidentally, is described as a ‘ridgeway or ancient trackway’ which is calledone of England’s ‘oldest roads’ on a BBC programme from 2012, having been used continuously for over 5000 years due primarily to it’s elevation and topography. The route was used (among many) by drovers coming from the south-west with their livestock to reach the markets of the Home Counties and London. It is also part of the Greater Ridgeway, or Icknield Way, a 362 mile long collection of several ancient trackways from Lyme Regis in Dorset to Hunstanton in Norfolk.

.             .               .

    The next place of noteas the line approaches towards the centre point of England near Didcot,Oxford, is  one related much more closely to modern affairs in the world, being what was the HarwellAtomic Energy Research Establishment (Harwell AERE) between 1946 and 2006. It is situated c.15miles south of Oxford, and has changed from being amilitary base of national importance towhat is now a hi-tech science park or campus concerned with the development of space exploration technologies.


Side-bar;    The Bible and examples of ‘cosmic energy’.

This website has noted the relationship of modern physics – especially atomic/ quantum physics – to Cosmic# of the past, and the present; it is certainly arguable , if the premise of the higher-dimensional origins of the authors’ consciousness is accepted, that the ‘cosmic guides’ of the Sumerian (and then Egyptian, and Hebrew civilizations), who created the foundations of civilization, left symbolic meanings in so many of their artworks. In particular signposts referring to the structure of the atom, the energies of the Sun, and Cosmos, and the forces holding in place the planets and the stars, as well as all the different expressions of energy acting upon the Earth.

So for example, the descriptions of the creative force of God in Genesis 1.2 – “And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters” – may be read as describing the universal frequency or vibration of God’s emanations into material reality; the pulse-beat of the universe upon which all else is built. This may be something which Gurdjieff equated with the ubiquity of (the physics of) the hydrogen atom. In like manner there are countless descriptions depicting the powers of the Lord which can be read in terms of pure energy; for example the short section where the prophet Elijah is shownthe glory of the Lord while sheltering in a cave in the isolated wilderness of the mountains, may be read from this perspective of different expressions within the world of God’s power;

(and the angel of the LORD) said ‘Go forth, and stand upon the mount before the Lord. And behold, the Lord

passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the mountains, and brake in pieces the rocks before the Lord; but

the Lord wasnot in the wind: and after the wind an earthquake: but the Lord was not in the earthquake: And

after the earthquake a fire; but the Lord was not in the fire: and after the fire a still small voice.

And it was so, when Elijah heard it, that he wrapped his face in his mantle, and went out and stood in the entering

in of the cave. And behold, there came a voice unto him, and said, What doest thou here, Elijah?” (1Kings19.11-13)

 Other examples in the Old Testament include, of course, events which more than describing ‘miracles’ (reversals of the natural order) may be seen to be actually referring to (the application of) universal powers; the destruction of the towns of Sodom and Gomorrah in a planned event which strongly resembles a nuclear explosion and consequent fallout and contamination;

The sun was risen upon the earth when Lot entered into Zoar. Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven. (Genesis 19.23)

In other words, the towns were destroyed by the powers of the Sun; a nuclear event in effect.

The wife of Lot looks back at the cataclysm, and is turned instantly into a pillar of salt; indicative of the flash, and radioactive fallout of nuclear bombs…

As the section on Lot, and his relatives Abraham, Nahor, and Terah’s familial lineage from Sumer examines, there are potential references within this narrative to the ‘powers of the sun’ existing within genetic bloodlines which are part celestial (Anunnaki) and part earthly (human). As with material sciences, these energies can be balanced, and ‘unlock the kingdom of heaven’, or they can be the opposite. . . a point made within the inner-narratives of the Epic of Gilgamesh, such as he and Urshanabi’s journey through ‘space’ to the ‘faraway’, and the ‘confluence of the rivers’ (extant from circa 2800 to 1200 Bce in it’s various recensions).

As we shall see, the site of nuclear weapons research – the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment (AWRE) founded in 1950 – was sited primarily at Aldermaston government base, near Newbury, Berkshire; again, within close proximity (2.5m) to the Isle of Wight – Lindisfarne (N-S) energy line. (Much of the actual production of nuclear materials in the UK from the 1950’s onwards took place at several sites in the North-West, such as the Royal Ordnance Factory Risley, Springfields and Capenhurst, although it was at Aldermaston that the many bombs of the period were designed and built).

 Considering the themes of Cosmic# throughout this book, which relate deeply to (modern) questions of the structures of the atom, and nuclear energy, it could not be more apt that the M/M line travels so close to Harwell that it passes alongside the perimeter fence – within 50 metres (0.05km!) – of  the Atomic Energy Research Establishment; and furthermore, just 2 or so miles from the centre of the three lines’ convergence for the whole of England.

Much of Britain’s early nuclear energy research was done predominantly at this site; this was the site of the first uranium experimental reactor in western Europe, in 1950, which was active until the 1990’s; Harwell developed parallel research capabilities throughout this period, including the country’s first working particle accelerator ‘the synchrocyclotron’ and in computing, the Harwell CADET, the first fully transistorised computer in Europe. For a more detailed look at the workings of the ‘synchrocyclotron’ still in use and development today, see the Guardian newspaper article from Feb 1st 2014 on the Diamond Light Source, at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory at Harwell. On the map this is the white circular structure of Harwell, which measures 561 metres in circumference, and as a particle accelerator is considered to be the British equivalent of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN in France.

 Harwell Atomic Energy Research Establishment was at the centre of British nuclear research from the 1940’s*,up to the 1990’s, when some degree of privatisation and divergence took place, so that in 2006 it became the Harwell Science and Innovation Campus.

 This ‘campus’ is now the home to several global space research/developmentcompanies such as Airbus Defence and Space, Lockheed Martin, Thales Alenia Space, and also the European Space Agency’s first Uk office, at Fermi AvenueHarwell. Indeedthe Harwell Space Cluster is the ‘gateway to the UK space sector’, and includes the UK Space Age, the government funded organisationamong other leading bodies…(see the Guardian article ‘The Great British race to space’,Dec.27th2021).

*( It was from Harwell, in the 1940’s/early 50’s, that the nuclear scientist Klaus Fuchs worked;having entered Britain as a (communist) refugee from the Nazis, he continued his training as a physicist, joining the Tube Alloys programme in May 1941,from where, in time, he became one of the British scientists working at the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos. After WWII he returned to Britain, where he became head of the Theoretical Physics Division at Harwell AERE… both he and Melita Norwood passed over immense amounts of UK and US nuclear research data to the Soviet Union, via Agent Sonia, in various locations around S.Oxford. Sonia, (Ursula Kuczynski) “was destined to play a truly historic role, and become, in my view,the most influential female secret agent of all time, with lasting impact on British, American and Soviet defence strategy”(Chapman,p.47,2009). Indeed Fuchs was instrumental in adverting Stalin to the existence of an atomic weapons programme in the west,as early as August 1941 (p.134); the activities of passing state secrets to ‘Sonia’(one of the ‘foremost radio transmitter and couriers in Britain for many years’) continuedeven though she was‘investigated’ by MI5’s counter-espionage officer Roger Hollis, later the intelligence service’s chief (Hollis, not Sonia) -see Chapman Pincher (2009) for more on this, and the Soviet GRU/KGB spying activities during WW2 and afterwards, in Oxford, at Harwell from 1943, and neighbouring Blenheim Palace where British MI5, and American (OSS) intelligence agencies were based during the war -as well as Cambridge university etc, where the Cambridge Five/ KGBspy-ring had it’s roots from the 1930’s and 40’s when intellectual sympathies with Communism were strong in Europe).

A curious note is the name of the first British state programme designing nuclear weapons; Tube Alloys. This corresponds closely to the name of the son of Lamech (thus the grandson of Cain) in Genesis4.22, Tubal-Cain. The coincidence is that Tubal-Cain is stated to be; “an instructer of every artificer in brass and iron” – as his two brothers are the said to be the ‘fathers of all those’ in other respects; strongly parallel to the threefold division of the world between the three sons of Noah – Japher, Ham and Cush. Thus Tubal-Cain is the ‘father of all those’ concerned with metal-working, technology, weapons of war and so on… a theme from the earliest civilizations of Sumer and the wider Near East concerning the wisdom given to mankind ‘by the gods’ – and one which is continued throughout the Bible.So while biographers of the various people involved in it’s creation state that the name Tube Alloys was chosen for it’s bland generality, it does in fact appear to have some connection tohighly relevant biblical themes !


So considering the coincidence of the solar and cosmic energies which vitalize the Earth via ley-lines and energy-fieldspassing through the adjoining field, within 50 metres of the largest research establishment in Britain dedicated to harnessing and studying the ‘energies of the sun’ and light, does the proximity of the M/M line and Didcot centre mean anything? Such a strong coincidence could plausibly be argued to be the result of synchronicity; or alternatively, of subconscious attraction to zones of high energy; or even, possibly, from (subconscious) guidance from the ‘higher dimensions’,for reasons unknown to us.To name but one well-known example (out of many) of such ‘serendipity’ from the annals of science; the conceptual breakthrough Sir Francis Crick had concerning DNA’s structure,which resulted in he and Watson becoming Nobel Prize winners in 1962; this occurred after reportedly taking a dose of LSD, and ‘seeing’ two serpents which intertwined, and realising it’s potential application to his work… (presumably his mind was turned towards his research while in the altered state of consciousness).Thisconceptual advancemay accurately be described as ‘world-changing’ -and therefore possibly the recipient of (hidden?) ‘higher-dimensional’ inspiration, from what might be internal or external sources. In addition, differentiating between inspiration and the imagination is never straightforward,in that the deeper layers of the subconscious are highly difficult to perceive objectively. Another example of ‘inspiration’ is Kekule’s visualization of the (hexagonal) structure of benzene, in a visual image experienced in a dream while asleep in his study. . . another good example of a key intellectual breakthrough in a research subject coming via the subconscious levels.

The classics of antiquity maintained this form of receptive inspiration was the ‘gift of the gods’; in many instances, (bearing in mind the ‘non-rational’ nature of higher consciousness), it came through the agency of dreams; as already noted in the dream of Brutus in the Temple of Diana in the Mediterranean which led him to England), and similarly at the Delphic Oracle. . .

Bearing in mind the ‘impetus’ on mankind, at this crucial stage in its evolution, to create sustainable ‘non-material’ energy sources, (before life on earth suffers catastrophic consequences from long-term pollution and resources exploitation),is it possible the siting of such energy research centres at the most important lines and node points within the world-grid could lead to more effective results and progress?If it is, which contradicts no known laws of physics or reality, indeed merely posits that strong energies affect matter and it’s inherent energy-fields, differences might be expectedin the (long-term) experiments taking place within, and also the scientists working daily within the centres !

In other words, such centres would most definitely be of concern to what might be termed ‘cosmic beings’, or ‘consciousnesses’, working to an agenda we can only guess at.But whatever the underlying dynamic which may cause the siting of central research facilities in close proximity to the major node-points and lines of the world’s energy grid, some form of significant relationship appears to exist between the two.

Indeed, one of America’s equivalent facilities, Oak Ridge Research Centre, Tennessee, (and of Russia, at Kurchatov near Moscow,) are sited with similar possiblyrelationships to Giza and the Earth’s terrestrial/ telluric geometries and energy fields.

It may in fact be worth examining therefore the relationships of these various major/leading energy/atomic research sites around the world; off-hand, the most important nuclear research has been done at these 4 or 5 sites, in the USA,Russiaand England.

Obviously manyother sites are of great importance and relevance to all their own countries, such as the Lawrence Livermore Laboratories in the US; but these leading examples will suffice to indicate there is some unresolved or undocumented relationship between the earth’s speculated energy lines/fields/sites, and modern high technology research programmes and centres – particularly those concerned withenergies of the cosmos, be that atomic fission, fusion or otherwise,as science makes such rapidprogress in the 21st century… and the key to placing these sites may be best indicated by considering their relationship to the ‘centre of the world’ (and therefore it’s energy fields) in terms of the landmasses of the continents; Giza, in Egypt, home to the site of the Great Pyramid and other pyramids, and the Sphinx, is shown here at the centre of the world’s continents in terms of the hexagonal geometries of the cube. The 30th Parallel is of course simply a line from west to east parallel to the Equatorwhich passes through the centre point of Giza. That it is to where the sun rises on the horizon may be argued to be pointing to an energy-line ‘tied’ around the earth, as symbolized by the Ouroborosmythology in later Greek civilization.

In continuance of the Sun and light connected symbology of the site, the Sphinx – almost certainly the oldest monolithic structure/ work of art on the Giza site, by a matter of millennia, indeed probably the oldest statuary artwork in the entire world – faces direct East, looking along the 30thparallel which circles around the earth, following the point where the Sun rises on the horizon. This line runs through Israel, (Jerusalem,long considered the ‘navel of the earth’/ flag with hexagonal/solstice-related Star of David), Jordan (ancient site of Petra), Saudi Arabia (home to Mecca), Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal (flag with 12 rayed sun in lower half), Tibet (flag with Sun in the corner), China (Qing dynasty flag with dragon and Sun), and at the furthest point east, Japan (flag called The Circle of the Sun).

Moreover, it can be seen the following religions arose in the nations the line passes through; Judaism, and Christianity (Israel); Islam (Saudi Arabia); Hindu, Sikh and Jain religions (India); Tibetan religion; Buddhism (India, Tibet, China and Japan). Additionally (!) Sumer, the first true civilization in human history as far as is known, from the 5thmillennium Bce, and the related Akkadian, Babylonian and Assyrian civilizations arose in Iraq /Mesopotamia (in the region of the Persian Gulf near to Basra at 31°N, where Babylonian mythology of 800 Bce stated the Anunnaki deity Oannes came from when he began civilization in Sumer,and where the first city-states of Ur, Larsa, Eridu, Uruk, Girsu and so on were founded – often in land reclaimed from the alluvial and fertile marsh areas of the delta near to the Gulf).

The meaning of sinew as something which is a connecting line which ‘turns around a central axis’, and ‘ligament’ as a similar sort of function is related closely to this subject (the word ligature means to tie or bind; as does the word ’sphinx’, in the form of ‘asphyxiate’, or similar; in confirmation of the theme of the ‘serpent’-like energy-line indicated by the Sphinx, the Latin for lizard stems from ligate as does ligature; as sinuous and sine-wave are related etymologically to sinew, from Proto-Indo-European times onwards.

These inherent meanings contained within the Sphinx and the line it’s gaze follows finds confirmation in it’s epithet of ‘the lion of the ground’, a term which is also found in the Epic of Gilgamesh in reference to the snake which steals the ‘Plant of Life’ from Gilgamesh as he bathes in a pool in the evening – the pool, plus the form used of the plant indicate the telluric nature of the energies contained within the symbol – and as this is after Gilgamesh has affixed weights to his feet and descended down into the depths of the Ab-zu, the ‘abyss’ to gain the Plant of Life, further emphasizes the close connections between the Earth’s surface, subterranean water-courses, organic life and energy lines of the cosmic system of life which exist within the heavens and earth.

Indeed the concept of the ‘sinew’ as link between force and form, or energy and matter is so central that the word ‘Zion’ may stem from forms of sinew such as ‘sionu’ or ‘sineuwe’ found in early European languages and PIE (*sai, to bind) and Sanskrit (‘syati’ – to tie or bind). Related also incidentally to PIE of ‘s-nego’ from which came ‘snake’, and ‘Nagas’, as well as by the time of Greek and Latin, s-neu meaning ‘nerve’, and likewise therefore ‘neuron’, from the same. The Greek ‘neura’ also meant sinew or bowstring; 

So all these meanings of antiquity may be said to be implied in the concept of the Sphinx, which creates or represents an energy line – a sinew – which circles around the entire earth, turning as it does in a spiral (or sine-wave) around the linear axis. A curious coincidence is the western and biblical reference to China as ‘Sino-‘, considering the nature of the30th parallel line passing through Gizathen China to the east, and the national symbol of China being the dragon, from antiquity onwards…)

So the key here is to compare these figures not to the Greenwich meridian, butto place the Pyramidsand Sphinx at Giza as the ‘zero meridian’, *(See C.Wilson/The AtlantisMystery,for full examination of the relationship between world ‘sacred- sites’ and Giza when designated as prime meridian.)

The complex at Giza is located at; 29.9792°N / 31.134°E, a short distance south of the 30th Parallel;

⇦ The latitude of the Great Pyramid = the Speed of Light, and right

    the distance from the pyramids to the 30th Parallel.

The figures for the following 4 centres, (plus Didcot) which we shall examine individually are;

    N. of  Equator    /     of GizaW/E. of Greenwich /       of Giza
        Harwell, Oxford       51.57° N                  21.6°N           01.314° W             32.444° W
        Oak Ridge, Tennessee       35.995°N                  6.02°N  84.237° W             115.36°W
         Los Alamos, New Mexico       35.85° N                  5.88°N           106.30° W              137.43°W
         Kurchatov, Moscow        55.80° N                  25.8° N            37.47° E               6.34° E
         Didcot, Oxford    51.61° N                  21.64°N            1.232° W             32.36°W


Harwell and Didcot:    51.57° N/21.6°N (of Giza)       0.1.314°W/32.444°W (of Giza)

  As we shall see in a minute, the angle of 51.57° or so is ~0.2° difference to the 51.74 – 84° of the Great Pyramidat Giza, which was used as the gradient of the slope due to itsrelationship to both Pi and Phi. (And as the Circle and Square section showed,51.8°is the angle of the Squared Circle sections ie 61.81 but in relation to the 90° quarter of the circle – so that the other angle still equals 38.19°, or φ minor…)

So Harwell,and Didcotand Wittenham, (and London) are all situated around this significant latitude in relationto the Equator and the North Pole. Furthermore, the Harwell site is exactly 21.6° North of Giza; thenumber 216 is one of the central numbers in Cosmic #,being linked to 108, 432, 864 and so on, (as well as each of the 12 ‘eras’ of the Precession cycle lasting circa 2160 years).

Further,in relation to the globe, 360/21.6 = 16.666. (90/21.6 = 4.166 ; which x4 = 16.666) – so both ratios give the proportion found by dividing 1/ 6 (0.1666), as the section on the hexagonal geometries of the Vesica examined – ie. each side of a hexagon of perimeter 100 units measures 16.66 units. (see Tree of Life table and also lengths within Squared Circle for 4.16,8.33,16.66 etc).

Of note for Didcot’s latitude, Cos 51.615 = 0.62 (~φ) and Cos 51.74 (angle of Great Pyramid) = 0.619 (~φ), roughly a 0.13° of distance further North = 9.2 miles along the North-South Isle of Wight -Lindisfarne line. Sin 51.84 = 0.999, and Sin⁻¹ 0.777 = 51.8° also!

So does this 51.7°N point, (the Phi-linked angle of the Pyramid) mark any apparently significant latitude on the map/line?

It is  unsurprising to find Oxford itself begins at this latitude-and on the N/S axis, the energy-line runsdirectly through Oxford University; St. Edmund’s Library/Hall is built on top of it! This point is at 51.75°N. We will examine thisin the Isle of Wight-Holy Isle, Lindisfarne sectionnext.

 To highlight the centrality of thisvalue, if the Speed of Light is divided by this #,  we obtain;

   186,282/ 51.74 5 = 3600 ! 

– the number of seconds in an hour, the number of (angular) seconds in a degree, and even, according to Sitchin the number of years in one orbit of the Anunnaki’s planet – Niburu – around the sun, (with c.50-70 years of that within the solar system).

This cycle was the basis of the heavenly counting of the Sumerian myths, so lengths of time from pre-Deluge times when the Anuna were gradually creating ‘homo sapiens’ and the foundations of civilization were numbered by this measure (called sars in the myths of Sumer). The King Lists of Sumer likewise counted the incredibly long periods of time the predominantly celestial nature rulers of the lands lived for in ‘sars’ of 3,600 years each. The introduction to mankind of the sexagesimal system based on seconds and minutes of 60 was because of the optimal nature of the system for measuring the circles of both time and space on Earth, while linking to the celestial period of Niburu too, in a way that harmonized the workings (or ‘gear-wheels’) of ‘heaven and earth’. (see Sitchin’s ‘When Time Began’, p.380).

Additionally, 186,282 / 1.272 01965 (φ) / 400 = 366.1146 272. Very close to the length of the Michael and Mary line at 366.35 miles…

This links the speed of light and the square root of phi (φ) as well as 400 closely to the length of the sidereal year, and that of the Michael and Mary line. As other researchers have noted, the number of 400 appears to have several connections within the geometries of the sun and the moon; for example the sun is 400 times larger than the moon, and also 400 times further away, so that the two are equal in size as viewed from earth; it is this ‘coincidence’ that makes eclipses of the sun by the moon so incredible, with the ‘diamond ring’ effect. There are several other 400 harmonics between the three main planets, sun, earth and moon, as Knight and Butler have noted in their books. Also of note, 114.6 is a key cos# value, being the result of 360/ π, √2/1.234,     38.19 x 3,    90 x 1.273 (~φin the Squared Circle where 4 (00)/π = 1.273) and so on.

Regarding the degrees difference in longitude between Harwell and Giza as the Prime Meridian (0° W/E), Harwell is 32.444°W, and Didcotat 3 or so miles east is 32.36°W. So at a mid-point between the two is the 32.4° mark.

Why is this important?  360/32.4 = 11.11111 ! (And 360/32.36 = 11.1248).

If we double 1.62 x 2 = 3.24, we then find that 3.24  x(α) 137.035999 = 444,1.62 x α = 222, and .81 x α = 111.

Also that 360 / 1.62 = 222.222.

90/32.36  = 2.781   x2= 5.562

90/32.4   = 2.7777   ” = 5.555 (100/18) and 2.777 = 100/36 (!)

90/32.44  = 2.774    ” = 5.548 *

*Again, the Tree of Life shows the relevance of 2.777 as a sub-division of the #s in the Tree/Vesica Piscis.(see Geometry section).

And 5.555 is 1/3 of 16.66 (100/6,or 360/21.6).And as seen, the latitude of the Harwell site is 21.6 north of Giza – or  360/16.666 (which actually equals 21.6 0000 864 – don’t ask why! ) Equally curious, if we divide the difference to Giza

of this site’s co-ordinates in terms of longitude and latitude, the following is clear; 32.4 / 21.6 = 1.5 exactly, or 3/2.

Alternatively,21.6/ 32.4 = 0.666666.

To show the relatedness of these values on so many levels in Cos#,we can look at Precession – as a result of the equatorial bulge of the Earth, and the gravitational forces of the Sun and Moon acting upon it,the axis of the Earth moves in it’s own cycle at the celestial poles. This has the effect of making the Sun moveagainst the backdrop of the stars (marked at dawn on the Spring equinox) in a complete circleover a long period  of time; approximately 72 years per degree.So each 1/12th of the circle, constituting a ‘house’ of the zodiac of the backdrop of constellations takes 30 x 72 years, ie approximately 2,160 years to complete. Interestingly this length of time can be expressed in terms of the harmonic cos# values which are so central as square roots, and the first three numbers of the Fibonacci sequence; 2⁶x 3⁴x 5 (!) Additionally, the Precession period also appears to have connections to the hexagonal geometries of 1(00)/6, and the 432 harmonic/radius of the sun…

(25 920 x 16.666 = 432,000(!!)

  25 920 / 16.666 = 1555.2 (777.7 x 2)

             or (518.4 x 3)  (showing that 777.6 / 518.4 = 1.5 (3/2)

                                        or 222.2 x 7 !

Showing the basic denominators are 111.1 and 14; the key ratios within the Great Pyramid (as 11 and 14, uniting the harmonics of 22 and 7 and thus Pi). Lastly, 5184 = 72² , being therefore the square of the key value of 72 (144/2, 216/3, 288/4, 360/5 etc).

The backwards apparent movement of the sun each spring equinox changes one degree every 72 years (as the Sun precesses); several writers, such as G.Strachan believe this astronomical feature is almost certainly encoded into the Bible with Moses,Aaron, and the 70 elders ascending Mount Sinai to receive the 10 Commandments.Regarding 1° of Precession being just under 72 years, (as the bible metaphor possibly indicates) it is interesting to note that (C) 186,282/ 71.868 0 5555 = 2592.000; which = 5184 / 2 orone-tenth of the 25,920 year Precession cycle.

 Numerically related is the fact that the 5 = 2.236 (from which φ can be derived as 1.1181 + 0.5,etc)

and so 5 + 1 = 3.236. In other words, 3.236 = φ (1.618) x 2.

Further related to this is that the √5 + 3 = 5.236; the ERC (Egyptian Royal Cubit) is 52.36cm ie φ² x 2 (2.618 x 2 = 5.236; or  π / 6 = 0.5236m x 5 = 2.618, showing the π : φ² ratio of 6:5 – (the cos# ratio encoded in the Bible as 12:10*, as the Tribes of Israel become with the loss of the two mentioned, Ephraimand Manasseh; considered, incidentally, in Victorian times to have found their way to the nations of Britain and the United States respectively in antiquity). In this way π x100 ie 314.159/ 52.359 = 6.000 100. (Or more simply, π/ Egyptian royal cubit 0.52359m = 6; so a hexagon within a circle of diameter 100 units will have 6 sides of 52.36 units each around it’s circumference) . . .

*indicating in this way the workings of the numerical systems of the ‘heavens’ in duodecimal terms, and those of the ‘material world’ and Earth in decimal ones.

So, the latitude being 32.36°W of Giza is clearly a very significant value, in terms of the energy grid of the planet centred upon Giza – for any world-wide energy grid, or’net’ derived from gravitational fields, sunlightand higher-dimensional energies of the cosmos will almost certainly function in patterns of geometric harmonies. This realitywas at the heart of cosmic# in antiquity, and was based upon the key values we have seen in the introductory sections.

If the ratio of the Giza complex’s latitude to the sphere of Earth is examined, the value obtained is asfollows;

          360/ 31.13° = 11.5 644.

The inverse of which is; 1/11.5 644 = 0.0 864 72 ! A midpoint between the 864 harmonicand 86.6% of Vesica, and theclosest value obtained for the diameter of the Sun, which is c.864,750-865,000 miles across.

Further indications of the geometric links these values have is that Sin¯¹  of 0.777 = 51.8°, and Sin 51.84 = 0.999.

Lastly, 100/18 (5.5555rec) x 7.77rec x 10 = 432. 098765432 05555 !

So some very interesting relationships are shown to exist between these Cos# significant values,which geometrically tend to be found where energies connect with(in) the material plane.

32.4 (3.6 x9,10.8 x3, etc) also doubles up to 64.8, then 129.6(216 x 6=1296; Hindu time-span 1,296,000 years;90 x144=1296); then 259.20 (see Precession = 25,920 years) and then 518.4 (72² = 5184), (with the angle of the Great Pyramid as we have seen a close 51.74-51.81° !)

 So, it can be surmised that as well as being individually significant in relation toGiza, the longitude of Harwell (and Didcot) west from GPM are in 3:2 proportion with the latitude (north from Giza).

32.4 : 21.6  =  3:2 where 1 = 10.8 and 4 = 43.2.

And 3:2 is the ratio of the musical fifths central within many sacred buildings, such as the Temple of Solomon/ Jerusalem as outlined in the Bible.

Coincidentally or otherwise, it is at GENESIS 3.24:

  So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the

garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned

every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.

A highly significant passage placed within the text at a cosmic# position, something the authors of the Biblecan be seen to have done repeatedly and consciously. (see the Bible section for more on this). The passage may relate to both Orion, as the ‘flaming sword which turns every way’, and to the ecliptic of the Milky Way, which is visible in the night sky as the ‘arch’ of the galaxy, and was considered by civilizations such as the Egyptians to be the ‘way of the soul’ when released from the body.

This may be offered as a theory due to the great significance Orion had in many cultures in antiquity, as well as the fact that Orion has a sword hanging from the belt, the entirety of which turn through 90 degrees during the course of the night. So this constellation may hold the meaning – and in antiquity a literaland symbolic role – of being a gateway between the solar system and the heavens, (or possibly the centre of the Milky Way from where the solar system originated billions of years ago and to which it is still gravitationally linked).

In this sense the Milky Way’s line through the night sky might equally be considered to be a point ofequilibrium, or balancewithin the heavensas ‘the way of the tree of life’ from which the solar system grew, and derived it’s initial materials and energies (and rotational orbit), again giving it meaning as the ‘way of life’, much as  the female yoni are represented by the axial shape of the Vesica. . .


Footnote –  London Trafalgar/Square is at 51.51° (~300metres), which is therefore the angle of the sun’s rays at midday on the summer solstice,June 21st, (ie the highest angle it can rise to at that latitude.Thus it creates the same angle of sunlight or shadow as the slopes of the Great Pyramid (±0.2°); a fact which Nelson’s Column was built to illustrate if considered as a gnomon, or sun-dial, (highlighting one of the reasons obelisks and pillars were so widely constructedin ancient Egypt, and England!) –*See Adrian Gilbert – Building a New Jerusalem.Incidentally, π x 51.51 = 161.8 2  – ie. φ…


Oak Ridge, Tennessee:             35.995°N / 6.02°N   of Giza       84.24° W / 115.36°W of Giza

 In the race to develop nuclear weapons during WW2 in the early 1940’s, the US pioneered the process of the (electromagnetic isotope separation) refinement of enriched Uranium at the OakRidgeNational Laboratory,Tennessee.

The centre was created as part of the Manhattan Project,most of which was transferred from Manhattan to Oak Ridge in Tennessee; and is accordingly considered the ‘birthplace of the atomic bomb’.Producing the Uranium-235 which was used to make the Hiroshima-nuclear bomb,’Little Boy’, amazingly over 14,000tonnes ofsilver was used in construction of electromagnetic coils during the process, due to war-time shortages of copper; equallyincredibly the US Treasury supplied the silver from it’s bank vaults, and it was returned back intact at the end of the Manhattan Project! (see Wikipedia; Y-12 National Security Complex).Indeed rather like Harwell, Oak Ridge laboratories has since it’s inception been situated at the heart of their respective nation’s research ‘portfolios, so that today Oak Ridge is among the top three research centres in the USA, in terms of government funding, a fact which showsthe size and centrality of the site.

 As the map shows, Oak Ridge lab/centre is therefore situated virtually on top of the (significant) 36th parallel, at an infinitesimal 0.05° difference, less than 300 metres from it.

This is very similar to the siting of Giza itself, which is a mere 0.03 of a degree off the 30th Parallel North, something done consciously by the builders of the complex there. Oak Ridge  is therefore a very ‘neat’ 6.02° north of Giza. What a coincidenceconsidering the importance such geometric divisions of the 360° sphere of the Earth hold.

So 90/36° = 2.5, and 360/36 = 10, to indicate the geometric significance of the 36th Parallel.

Some researchers maintain that the builders of the Great Pyramid encoded values concerning the 36th Parallel into it’s dimensions in various ways, for reasons unknown…

For example, Richard Heath states that it may well be because it is only at this latitude that ‘the winter and summer solstice sun rise exactly 30°south and north of east, and set similarly in the west. To an ancient eye therefore, this latitude was significant for expressing the perfect location for twelve-fold centres’. (p141,op cit).

Concerning the relationship between Latitude and the circumference of the Earth (360°),and between the Equator and the Pole (90°) as seen, the latitudes,and difference between Oak Ridge and Giza – 30°, 36°, and 6° -are all discrete fractions of both 90 and 360 –with connections to the basis of the sexagesimal system too -increasing the likelihood of points of resonance.

 Re Longitude, Oak Ridge is also close to 115.4°W of Giza (as the 0° Prime Meridian),

 –  the ratio – 100/86.6% = 115.4 7, although degrees are a proportion of 360, not 100. . .

So 100/115.367 gives the ratio of 86.6 79%. While it may not help to divide degrees by 100, on the other hand

360 / 864 = 0.4166 (ie one-quarter of 1.6666, or 10/6), so therefore 360/216 = 1.6666.

(We have already seen at numerous points how central the geometries related to these 86.4-86.6 valuesare, in so many aspects of reality particularly with regard to the Sun and sunlight (and time and space…)So in the key symbol the Vesica Piscis’ mid-line  =   1.732/2 = 86.6% of circle diam. = √3 /2. The size of Sun = c.864-865,000 miles/diameter*. And there are 86,400 seconds in each day; a result of how the day is divided, like degrees of space, into hours and seconds of 60 units each, since the Sumerian era.

The French Revolution attempt to reshape the diurnal sexagesimal 24 hour day into a decimal system of 10 hours of 100 minutes of 100 seconds each, with no proportional relationship to the measures of the Earth or the heavens, was a short-lived reform!

The metre is likewise believed by some researchers to have little intrinsic connection to the solar system or earth (although some relationships and proportions in the solar system do appear to be clarified by using kilometres as the unit of measure, according to Knight and Butler) – whereas time and space are linked by the sexagesimal system, and by using miles as the unit of measure; more on this later in the year.

*Another noteworthy relationship featuring important mathematical/physics values and that between 864 ,86.6 etc is;

 e / π = 0.865 2559 where e is euler’s constant – and  in harmony with the actual size of the Sun, at 865,000 miles diameter. See the Notes & Numbers section for more relationships between key values such as 360, Pi, Phi , the Speed of Light,  Alpha, as well as 864, 432, 34.56, 111.1, 1.2345 etc, and more.

A curious note, of synchronicity or whatever it might be called, is the presence at Oak Ridge of the main connecting route of Bethel Valley Road, (between the plant and the river on the map, from White Wing gate to Solway gate and Edgemoor gate). As we see in the Bible section, and have mentioned in this, Bethel – meaning ‘house of the Lord’ – is the name Jacob gives to the site where he dreams of the ladder stretching between the heavens and the earth (Genesis 28.11-19). . . in other words a higher-dimensional omphalos point, or ‘gateway’;

And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, and he said, Surely the LORD is in this place; and I knew it not. . . And he was afraid, and said, How dreadful is this place! This is none other but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven.

And he called the name of that place Bethel; but the name of that city was called Luz at first”.

Coincidentally the word Luz has meanings in Hebrew and Arabic languages relating to the neck, and the top of the spine, which is believed in some Islamic circles to be a point where the body is connected to ‘the soul’, supporting therefore the innersymbolism of the passage. A much more commonly accepted meaning of Luz however is ‘almond-tree’. Whether this may be interpreted or connected with other esoteric meanings from Near Eastern mythology is unclear, but is always a possibility; indeed the almond tree is sometimes known as the ‘Tree of Life’ in Hebrew religion, and the seven point candle holder, the menorah is said to be based on the almond tree.

 The well at which Jacob is resting when he has this experience is a short distance onhis way from Beersheba, or the ‘Well of Seven’(Gen 28.10), pointing to the ‘cosmic’ and mathematical nature of the energies present at that site, as the metaphor of the well, and other water-sources in the Bible, is of the ‘living waters’ of the Lord (especially within the Earth) – while the Seven indicates those energies adherence to the Laws of the Octave, as are those of light, sound, the Periodic Table, and so on. So the presence of the Bethel Valley/ road at Oak Ridge, (itself a name with etymological links to the heaven-earth ‘world-tree’axis of such gateway points), for the site concerned with deriving the energies of the Sunon earth, is extremely apt. The oak at Shechem is an example of the Bible’s connecting the two concepts of sacred places and the higher dimensional energies present at them…



Los Alamos, New Mexico;       35.85° N./  5.88°N     of Giza        106.30° W./137.43°W of Giza

 In addition to Oak Ridge being in a potentially significant geometric relationship to Giza Meridian, is the site where the atomic bomb was tested and built, prior to being dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki; namelyLos Alamos in the New Mexico region in  the South-West of the United States;

And again,similarly to Oak Ridge, Los Alamos is markedly close (0.15°) to the 36th Parallel -and thus also a0.13° margin of being 6°N of Giza. So these two centres of atomic research vital to America’s nuclear programme in WW2 and afterwards have little more than 8 miles or so distance from their lines of latitude, despite there being 1232.14 miles between the two laboratories (ie the distance from Los Alamos north to the 36th parallel which is at the Santa Clara Indian Reservation is 8.32 miles).

As mentioned already the 36th parallel is argued to hold important significance to Giza, and to associated world energy-grid geometries/harmonics.Regarding the Longitudinal difference to GPM, 137.43° is marginally close in value to the Fine Structure Constant – the inverse of Alpha (α) is the value 1/137.0359992. But in fact, considering the spherical geometries of the Earth mentioned, it may be more relevant that –

360° / 137.43° = 2.619

only  .0009 difference to φ² – 2.6181 –  itself in 5:6 (or 10:12) ratio to π. Ineffect a distance of circa 3 miles from the φ² point.

And incredibly, it transpires that using GIZA as the Prime Meridian leads to the φ pointof the globe from Giza being ;

 360 /φ(1.61803399)             = 222.49°(east of Giza)

360 /φ ² (2.61803399) = 137.508° (west of Giza)

(thus ‘coincidentally’highlighting the fact that 137.5° is the Golden Angle in the phyllotaxis of many trees and plants (the geometric arrangement of the growth of their leaves), a property which has evolved to ensure optimal spacing of leaves to receive a maximum amount of sunlight; many plants have ratios or spirals involving 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21 and so on, using the Fibonacci numbers in particular – thus a 3/8 ratio will see the 8th leaf occupy the same position as the first leaf in the course of 3 complete spirals/ turns.

⇦137.3°, 137.5°, and 137.6° angled spirals.

Note though ‘imperfect’, figure a. has 21 clockwise spirals, and figure c. has 34 anti-clockwise spirals…

Much the same as the circle of fifths sees a harmonic progression between notes over the course of deriving the 12 notes of the octave over the ‘spiral’ of sevenoctaves/ cycles. Highlighting the mathematical basis of music and the octave, andtheir applications to the processes of life itself as well as the relationships between the planets, the sun and the earth,etcetera.

So if Giza is at 31.13°N then what is at the φpoint –

253.62° east of Greenwich? ie.222.49°E of Giza/Prime Meridian?

or  106.38° west of Greenwich     137.51°W of Giza/    “             “

ie  360 -222.49  = 137.51° W of GPM = 106.37°W  of Greenwich (+ 31.13° Greenwich-Giza) …

Using CalcMap we find the following;         

       -firstly,in New Mexico,   at 33.71°N, 106.37°W  the White Sands Missile Range* And next,240 miles north of White Sands,

still in New Mexico, at 35.88°N, 106.30°W Los Alamos National Laboratories ! (ie more than one hundred miles north of Trinity).

White Sands Missile Testing Centre is the extensive desert area which was designated a US military testing ground in 1945; just 7 dayslater the first ever atomic bomb was detonated on the grounds there,on 16th July, at the Trinity site. (Post-wartesting was extensive,for military,and NASA rockets. Around 35 of the Operation Paperclip scientists such as Werner VonBraun, Kurt Debus etc who worked for NASAwere based at the White Sands facilitiesat this time, and many of the V-2 rockets of Germany were thereafter research-fired at this site).In addition to the numerous missile programmes tested over the decades there, in 1982 the NASA space shuttle Colombia landed at White Sands /Northrop air-strip. The entire White Sands site can be seen to extend north-south for around 200 miles, and is 60 or more miles wide.

That the latitude is a discrete fraction of the distance between the Equator and the Pole is shown by; 90 / 35.88 = 2.508, as 90 / 36 = 2.5, while 106.30 + 31.13 = 137.43, which is in 1:2.619 proportion to 360 degrees…

So effectively, the refinement/design of the first ever nuclear bomb,then bomb construction and testing/measuring of explosive power, was achieved predominantly at Oak Ridge and Los Alamos, twolocations with strong cos# significance for their positions on the earth’s surface, on both N-S (Pole-Equator) and E-W (Giza) axes; and was then detonated within 4 miles of the ‘golden angle’ of the Earth’s surface from Giza. The map below shows the Trinity test-site within WSMR, at 33.677°N, 106.475°W of Greenwich.

Interesting also, is that Trinity test-site is almost exactly 3.69° north of Giza, (at 3.69 78°). In the Notes and Numbers, and the Bible sections we looked at the significance of 369, as indicated by both the words of Nikolai Tesla, in the Enneagram of Gurdjieff, and in the number symbolism within the four Gospels surrounding the Crucifixion of Jesus, where the time is noted at the 3rd, 6th and 9th hours…

So the number  –                                    123.456789 x 3 = 370.0370367.

This can be broken down into;                 123 x 3 = 369

.456789 x 3 = 1.370367

A value very close to the Fine Structure Constant; in fact (alpha) 1.37035999206/ 3 = 0.4567 8666 4 !

So some interesting possibilities are raised by the difference in latitude between Trinity, New Mexico and Giza.

The Trinity test-site at 106.47°W, (the small circle directly left of the red marker point two-tenths across from the left margin!). The red marker is the ‘Golden Angle’ of360/φ point of the globe from Giza, ie 137.501°W of GPM.

All this geodetic information related to the Golden Angle of 137.501° is helpful for visualizing a world energy grid which encircles the earth in a geometrically coherent pattern, with identifiable significant harmonic points; the keystone of which (among many incredible points) lays at the centre of the world’s landmass, and since the beginning of civilization one of its most mysterious and sacred architectural sites; the Great Pyramid complex at Giza…

So do the figures around White Sands and New Mexico show any other significant values? Considering the 330 -333/000 values associated with the Sun (such as that it’s mass is 330,000 times more than that of Earth),first encoded in the Bible – see the Sun/Earth/Moon Harmonics, and the Bible sections -it is fascinating to note that for  the period of the Precession of the Sun; 25,920 / 777.6 = 33.333r. (As noted elsewhere, the cos# values of 777 etc,are linkednot only to the inner-geometries of the squared circle, and 7:11 proportions within the Great Pyramid, but in the Bibleto the powers of the sun, both directly, and with regard to the genetic lines of the ‘sons of the gods’ . . .)

So it is another point of interestthat this area/site has the notable co-ordinates point of 33.3333 7°N/106.081°W (of Greenwich), on the Three Rivers road, and within the same White Sands Missile grounds as the Trinity site… in fact the Trinity site is about 20-30 miles north-west of the Three Rivers Road, all within the missile range. The links to solar energies as found to be encoded within the Bible and the Law of 3 (+/-/=) as found in the atomcertainly make coincidences like this notable.360/33.3333 = 10.8, ie a harmonic of 108, a cosmic # value of significance within many religions, and linked clearly to the values of 216, 432, 864 and so on.

Left; theatomic bomb,at Hiroshima, July 1945.

Right; Photograph taken 16 milliseconds after the detonation of the first nuclear bomb, at Trinity. The cloud is 200metres, or 660 feet high at this point.

In fact the words of the physicist inventor/ lead-administrator of the nuclear bomb,Robert Oppenheimer, on viewing the detonation at Trinity that July 16th 1945 day are relevant here perhaps. Bearing in mind the (Indian) trinity of the deities of Brahma(the creator)–Shiva(the destroyer)– and Vishnu (the preserver) for one moment, Oppenheimer wrote of when the crowd of physicists and people watched the first nuclear explosion; “A few people laughed, a few people cried. Most people were silent. I remembered the line from the Bhagavad-Gita; Vishnu is trying to persuade the Prince that he should do his duty, and to impress him takes on his multi-armed form, and says ‘Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds’. I suppose we all thought that, one way or another”.

The words Oppenheimer quoted come fromchapter11 verse 32 of the Indian ancient scripture. The more accurate transcription is;

“The Supreme Lord said; I am mighty Time, the source of destruction that comes forth to annihilate the worlds. Even without your participation, the warriors arrayed against you shall cease to exist”.

Two points arise here. Firstly the pattern in major religions such as Christianity as well as Hinduism of having a three-fold nature of the God-head (‘the Trinity’), divided into positive (+) negative (-) and equilibrium (=). These aspects clearly match what physics states are the three forces active inside the atom, namely protons, electrons and neutrons, and likewise all electrical forces within the universe.

Secondly this quote from chapter11.32 indicates that the cosmic principle of destruction is aligned with both Time, and therefore with Entropy which physics states is the inevitable end-result of the Universe. Gurdjieff however, according to J.G.Bennett (in Gurdjieff; Making a New World), said that God created the material dimensions of the Universe outside of the purely energetic realms in order to create a system of multi-levelled dimensions (shown by the Ray of Creation; Do-si-la-sol-fa-mi-re-do, ie. the Absolute/all galaxies/this galaxy/the sun/the planets/the Earth/ the moon, each level of which may be viewed as further along the energy-matter continuum) which ‘feed’,or grow from inter-dependency on one another, and thus all operatetogether to create the multi-levelled energies and structures of the Whole. In this system of ‘common-cosmic-reciprocal-maintenance’ the Creation evolves and in this way is protected against the forces of entropy or involution.(This may be one (cosmological) meaning contained within the words of God to Adam when he casts them out of Eden, stating; ‘by the sweat of thy brow shalt thou earn thy bread’. . .)

Interestingly there is a saying of the Sphinx which states, ‘even Time is scared of the Sphinx’; an apparent non-sequitur unless ‘Time’ is viewed as the apparentlyinevitable onset of decay, disequilibrium and entropy (of matter), and the Sphinx is viewed as a (cosmic) symbol of the completeness of the entire system – in its hybrid, collective nature- which is also functional in maintaining the ‘metabolism’ of the world and Ray of Creation, from it’s geographical centreof the world’s continents at Giza. Gurdjieff himself taught that without the continued evolution of the ‘tip of the leaf’ on the World-Tree (the Creation) namely the Earth (and the Moon), there can be no growth throughout the system (leading to a wider cessation perhaps). Ouspensky related Gurdjieff’s lectures on (cosmic) evolution, given to his pupils between 1915 and 1920 in Russia, and then Turkey;

To ordinary knowledge, organic life is a kind of accidental appendage violating the integrity of a mechanical system. Ordinary knowledge does not connect it with anything and draws no conclusions from the fact of it’s existence. But you should already understand that there is nothing accidental or unnecessary in nature. . . everything has a definite function. . . and serves a definite purpose. Thus organic life is an indispensable link in the chains of worlds which cannot exist without it, just as it cannot exist without them. It has been said before that organic life transmits planetary influences of various kinds to the earth. But the earth also is growing, not in the sense of size, but in the sense of greater consciousness, greater receptivity. The planetary influences which were sufficient (for the Earth) at one period become insufficient, she needs the reception of finer influences. To receive finer influences a finer, more sensitive receptive apparatus is necessary. Organic life therefore, has to evolve, to adapt itself to the needs of the planets and the earth…

General growth is only possible on the condition that the ‘end of the branch’ grows. But it must be remembered that evolution is never guaranteed, it is possible only, and it can stop at any moment, and in any place. If humanity does not evolve it means that the evolution of organic life will stop and this in it’s turn will cause the growth of the ray of creation to stop. In this way the cessation of evolution may mean the destruction of humanity“–P.D.Ouspensky. In Search of the Miraculous, (p.306).

In other words the evolution of the inter-linked systems of life on Earth is part of the Creation’s work in opposition to the force of entropy, and is part of the wider function of the solar system, and the galaxy…

To return to the Bhagavad-Gita momentarily, it may be possible the scripture is indicating that as part of the course of the evolution of material reality the eventual assertion of entropy may be inevitable, at which point the energies of the universe will (presumably) return to the purely energetic realms. As such, everything would be in a state of ‘potential being’, much as the ‘void’ was described in the Bible before God created light, and material reality. So in such a world-view it might be possible to form a concept of a cycle of ‘Big-bangs’, followed by the outward evolution of matter, with the eventual ‘victory’ of Time over matter alone resulting in a contraction of the borders of the universe through forces such as black holes, dark matter, or others. This broadly accords with the Hindu concept of the ‘breath of Brahma’, ie cosmic cycles of evolution and involution across the aeons.

Bearing in mind the value 333,000 is linked clearly to the powers of the Sun within the Bible (at Deuteronomy 33.3 regarding God’s blessings of Israel in Moses’ last speech to the Israelites, which uses extensive sun-symbolism for God’s love), curiously, the ‘non-canonical’but widely-respected Book of Maccabees has a section, at 1 Maccabees 3.33-35,which is concerning the destruction of ‘the strength of Israel and the remnant of Judah; “he (the Syrian king Antiochus) was to banish the memory of them from the place, settle strangers in their territory, and distribute their land by lot”. This is something which holds resonance around the location of White Sands New Mexico, where there are sited numerous Native American tribal reservations.

 In keeping with this web-site’s thesis that such significant energy-points have always been areas ofmeaningful and conscious activities, it is appropriate to note the presence among others, a little to the NE ofWhite Sands and Los Alamos, of the Petroglyph National Monument ranging for a distance of 17 milesaround 35.13°N,106.72°W.

This National park/monument has hundreds of archeological sites,and around 24,000 petroglyphs (pictures and symbols carved on stones/rock-walls) created by the ancestral native Pueblo peoples. The manner in which they were created is that the geology of the rock-types in this area of previously high volcanic activity meant the rocks were susceptible to having an oxidised outer layer of darker colour; the artworks were made by removing this layer with stonesor implements to show a lighter colour stone beneath.

The best designs of the petroglyphs appear to include astronomical/stellar/metaphorical imagery, as can often be the case inancient rock art and neolithic geoglyphs – like the Nazca lines in the Atacama highland deserts of Peru. Both pictures here are from the Petroglyph National Park; the picture on the right is at Crow Canyon, New Mexico.

Additionally, if the map of the New Mexico areas around White Sands and Trinity is studied, there is a high preponderance of Native American reservations and lands where different tribes lived; there are 23 Indian tribal reservation areas in New Mexico, 19 Pueblos; Acoma/Jemez/Cochiti/Laguna/ Nambe/Picuris/ Taos/ Pojoaque/Sandia, etc, plus three Apache tribes; Fort Sill, Mescaleroand Jicarilla, and the Navajo Nation. . . Some may have been forciblyrelocated here by Washington towards the start of the 20th century, but there were a high number of local tribes with long-term roots in New Mexico. Archeologists have found evidence of settlements dating back 11,000 years to the Clovis culture, while the Native Indian tribes formed primarily when settled agriculture spread throughout the continent, from circa 2000 Bce.

Native Americans throughout America, from coast to mountains to desert-lands, lived culturally in close harmony with nature, virtually never degrading their environments or wildlife stocks, whether as settled farmers or semi-nomadic tribes following the crops/ herdsthrough the seasons. Historically they have been viewed as war-like and violent, a viewpoint which stems from their resistance to the destructionof their traditional ways of life from incoming peoples; and while they did have some tribes which were inclined to inter-tribal strife and violence as part of their way of life, particularly many of the Apache tribes, the last century or so has seen greater ethnologicalfocus on the Native American tribes’ sensitivity to natural rhythms of life and the cycles of the year’s seasons.

The respectful nature of their cultures, and ambiences of certain sites meant that they often settled where they felt instinctively a place to be of a special, or sacred nature. . .and thus often within areas viewed nowadays as significant points on the worldenergy grid. Such places in addition to being naturally beautiful were believed to beareas where the higher dimensions were immanent, and as such were included within thecosmologies of their tribal cultures. Many sites that were accorded sacred status by Native American tribes for centuries, such as Crater Lake, Medford Oregon, Mt. Shasta in California, or Bighorn Medicine Wheel, Wyoming, are still considered to be sites of natural power and sensitivity today by modern ‘sacred Earth’ groups.

A view of the map of White Sands Missile Grounds shows a considerable number of neighbouring Indian tribal lands, as does the area around Los Alamos further north of Albuquerque, indeed as mentioned, throughout the south-west and New Mexico.

However, there does remain characteristic contamination produced at the Trinity site, which still bears high radioactive traces within the soil, and ‘trinitites’ (desert sandmelted into glass, similar to tektites). So the ground at Trinity some seventy years after the explosion is still ten times higher than thebackground, or normal, level of radiation…

This is something shared by many areas in the world used for nuclear weapons, research and energy production; Kazakhstan in central Asia has a massive area contaminated by Soviet nuclear above-ground and subterranean detonations from 1949-89, at the Semipalatinsk test grounds. Around 456 nuclear bombs, some of immense size, were tested there, with little or no warning to indigenous peoples.

In the US is the massive Hanford Nuclear Fuels plant in Washington state on the north-west coast of the nation. A look at the history of the main facility for creating weapons-grade uranium and plutonium etc in post-war America (for over 60,000 nuclear weapons!) shows the incredible amounts of pollution pumped or leaking into the river Columbia and into the air and earth from the site. Health issues particularly cancer (of the thyroid) have led to many urban areas calling themselves ‘down-winders’. And this pollution not only lasted for as long as production was occurring, between 1944 and 1987 but ever since obviously,due to the half-lives of radioactive materials being measured in centuries, as well as massive amounts of (waste) radioactive materials that are stored there in perpetuity in various forms requiring continual assessment and repair.The photo above shows spent nuclear fuels stored underwater at Hanford.

To quote from Wikipedia; the “reactors were decommissioned at the end of the Cold War, and decades of manufacturing left behind 53 million US gallons of high-level radioactive waste stored within 177 storage tanks, an additional 25 million cubic feet of solid radioactive waste, and areas of heavy technetium-99 and uranium contaminated ground-water … as well as the potential for future ground-water contamination beneath currently contaminated soils . . .In 2011 the DOE ‘interim stabilized’ 149 single-shell tanks by pumping nearly all of the liquid waste into 28 newer double-shell tanks. The DOE later found water intruding into at least 14 single-shell tanks and that one of them had been leaking about 640 US gallons per year into the ground since 2010. In 2012 it also discovered a leak from a double-shell tank caused by construction flaws and corrosion in the tank’s bottom, and that 12 other double-shell tanks had similar construction flaws. Hanford is currently the most contaminated nuclear site in the United States, and is the focus of the nation’s largest environmental clean-up”.

Hanford nuclear reactors site, part of the Manhattan Project, and first full-scale producer of Plutonium in the world, located besides the Columbia river, Washington state. (photo,1960).

To return to the proximity of Los Alamos and White Sands Missile Range etc to these points around the globein significant relation to Giza, and the ‘prime meridian’; this ‘significant effect’ may not necessarily be essential to the research work done at Oak Ridge or Los Alamos  etc, but may make someunspecified difference –  relating the production of solar/ ‘higher’/atomic energies, or fuel sources (see Gilgamesh section for more on this) to the earth’s energy fields, meridians and node points. Points on the earth’s surface where the solar and planetary energies at the heart of life are channelled and refined as part of their processes.

In other words such proximity to ‘strong’ energy points/fields* may well contribute to the success of the research and production programmes concerning the cosmic energies being created at these scientific sites.

This applies to virtually all of the sites mentioned in this chapter, such as Kurchatov,the Joint European Torusat Culham Centre,Oxford and so on; both centres (among many) involved in the study of nuclear fusion. The complexities/ instabilities of heavy (metallic) elements such as Plutonium, which (apparently) has many environment-dependent forms, allotropes,isotopes etc,possessing different densities, crystalline structures and so forth, may well make the energetic fields under consideration more capable of affecting the results obtained through complicated physics/chemistry/electrical/ or computing procedures…

(especially at frequency‘cross-over’ points, where a resonance exists between the two energies, of place and of practice…)In truth, strong energetic fields affect everything within them, especially subtle energy-fields. For just one example, strong electro-magnetic fields (EMF’s) affect the biological/electrical processes of organic life directly, (and the body’s surrounding energy-fields) in what is obviously a harmful manner…*

* See – The Boiled Frog chapter on EMF’s,such as from power-lines, mobile phones, electrical equipment,etc. The author of this book, Thomas Saunders also mentions the research done by scientists at the megalithic site the Rollright Stones in what was named the Dragon Project, for some ideaof the subtle and powerful effects such sites can exert over long time periods upon ambientenergy-fields; this long-term study took several readings around the site every day of the year, and indicated that the monolith the King Stone emitted increased levels of ultrasound pulsing at dawn, whereas the Kings Men circle at the summer solstice had lower readings than other times, thus reaching the conclusion the stone circle may act as a shield for certain everyday energies at key junctures of the year. Obviously such assertions are tentative, but do indicate possible sources for research in the future.  This site is in the county of Oxford too, approximately 15 miles north-west of the city.)


Kurchatov ResearchInst.Moscow,Russia;

                        55.8°N/ 25.83°N of Giza,  37.47°E/ 6.36°E of Giza

 To show how common such strangely significant sitings of national research centres of (atomic) physics/weapons/energy production have been, we can look to the institute of Kurchatov, located near to Moscow. From Wikipedia, it appears that Kurchatov was founded in 1943 to facilitate the USSR’s nuclear weapons programme, and became ‘theheart of the Soviet nuclear bomb effort’. It is stillapparently one of Russia’s foremost nuclear research/production centres, and is concerned with nuclear energy,nuclear medicine, thermonuclear fusion, and plasma and accelerator physics; for example it was the site of thefirst TOKAMAK fusion generator in Russia andthe world. It also was a leading force in building the internet in Soviet Russia in the 1980’s,via its computer experts and engineers, and in the 2010’s coordinated Russian efforts in the field of nanotechnology; it’s proximity to the capital no doubt helping often in this role.

So do the longitude and latitude figures have any significance?

 Firstly, the 55.8° latitudegives; 90/ 55.8 = 1.613. This is quite close to φ (1.618) related, at just .005 difference.

This link to φ for the placement of the site between the equator and the North pole, obviously applies broadly to the entire city of Moscow too.(at 90/ φ = 55.62,the difference of 0.18° equates to abouts 10 or so miles, not too great a variance for a major capital city, in fact 55.62° is located within the area of south Moscow).So this is a very significant position on the earth’s surface in geometric and probably energetic terms.

Being 6.36° East of GPM, 90/ 6.36 = 1.415, a figure very close to 2 – 1.4141.

A point of interest arises too if the Latitudes of Kurchatov and Oak Ridge/Los Alamos are compared, or divided;

    56/36 is quite close to the φ / Fibonacci sequence 55/34, which comes from the sequence of 1 2 3 5 8 13 21 34 55 89,144,etc.The occurrence of these numberscan be seen in opposing spirals within sunflower seeds/heads,pineapples,pine-cones and so on, where one of the spirals is a step up in number from the spirals running the other way, for some reason; perhaps showing that where twin vortices interact as they evolve upwards, one or other direction will prevail, giving the axis a ‘spin’ of clock-wise or the opposite.

More interestinglyperhaps is the result of-56/36 = 1.555

so Kurchatov/ LosAlamos/OakRidge Latitudes =  55.8/35.9 = 1.554

which is –  exactly 2 x 0.777; or 3 x 0.5184; or 111.1 x 14  –  the cos# values which crop up repeatedly in relation to Giza especially(as shown in the Square and Circle chapter with regard to the 1.1111 proportion to 7, from the twoequal:outer circles).

Moreover, our central # for the Sun, 864 relates; 7 x 1.11 = 7.77   and  864/1.111 = 777.67 (ie 7 x 123.456789 = 864, as 1.111²= 1.23456789).

Or alternatively; 864/7 = 123.456789   x 8 = 987.654321!

Re the Moscow longitude, it shows that 55.8 x .776 = 43.3 exactly, and 55.8 /.778 =71.7;

These values are all Sun-related; 71.7 is close to the exact value in years for 1° of Precession (at between 71 and 72). And keeping in mind that – among many values – the Sun is 333,000(3x 111 x10³) times heavier than Earth, it is of interest that;

 25 920 /777.6 = 33.333r.

As a quick note of interest, the Large Hadron Collider sited underground at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland is located at the latitude of 46.23416° N;

If the 360° of the (polar) circumference of the world is divided by this figure, the following is obtained;

     360 / 46.23416 = 7.78644 … very close to the solar-related value of 7.77, as well as including the 864 Sun harmonic too (while 864/ 777 = 1.111, the square root of 1.2346789 (!) Which would seem to provide indication that the energetic fields located around that site are going to be in close resonance with the solar and cosmic energies being studied by the scientists there.

(As mentioned, in the Bible there are several references centred around 330 or 333 ( 3x 11/x10/x1000) which are all linked to the powers of the Sun,  and the ‘host of the Lord’ – both as ‘the emanation of the Lord’s love for his people’ (Deuteronomy33.3)-and asconcerned with the destruction of the corrupted cities of the plain, or the forces of Israel in defeating king Nahash (1Samuel11.1-11!) which number 330,000, and are divided into 300,000 men of Israel and 30,000 of Judah, ie, 11 x 3 x 10⁴, reinforcing the theme of the 11th harmonic, as it might be called. The king Nahash, appears to have strong relations to both the Nahash brazen serpent, the seraphim (the ‘fiery’ flying serpents), and the Nagas of eastern mythology; as well therefore to the nephilim, portrayed throughout antiquity as being of the lineage of the ‘sons of the gods’, and like king Nahash both ‘mighty’ and cruel; as such having the powers of the heavens, and the sun in particular embodied within their genetics. . .

There are many similar ‘allegorical’encodings in the Bible regarding the values linked to 11.1/ 11.18/ 1.23 / 2.22/ 3.1415 / 16.18/ 3.456, and so on, as the Bible section examines in depth.)

Incredibly, considering the geometric values of 7 and 7.77 encoded into the measures and proportions of the Great Pyramid, showing it’s inner purpose to be concerned with the energies of the Sun (and planets, galaxy and stars), especially in terms of their energetic pathways through the surface of the earth, (as does the Sphinx),the Bible too connects this # to the Sun; and the bloodline of Cain…how? In the line of Seth, (Eve’s son/ Cain’s later brother after Abel), Enoch’s son Methuselah has a son called Lamech. Cain’s son Lamech despairs of the generational guilt of the bloodline of Cain (unrefined or excessivesolar energy) saying ‘if Cain will be avenged (punished) sevenfold, truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold’.(Gen 4.24)

Enoch lives for 365 years and then is ‘taken to heaven without dying’ (Genesis 4.23-4) in similar manner to Utnapishtim, the Noah-figurein the epic of Gilgamesh (who is granted eternal life along with his wife by Enlil, the Anunnaki Lord of the Earth, after surviving the Deluge with Enki’s help).Enoch’s grandson Lamech (of the Seth lineage) lives for – 777 years (Genesis 5.31; these lengthened life-spans, as in Sumerian King Lists, emphasizing the ‘celestial’ genetics of the human offspring of the lines of the ‘sons of the gods’). Further to this, he has a son he names Noah; meaning ‘respite’, who the Lord protects as’ a righteous and perfect man’, warning him of the forthcoming Flood.But curiously the lineages of Cain, and his brother Seth contain the same seven or so names in different order, indicating the ‘encoded’ possibility that they are closer in (genetic) nature than might at first glance be assumed. Other texts from Hebrew schools of the time provide strong supporting evidence for this strange narrative.

In thenon-canonical Books of Jubilees/Enoch/Noah, each widely regarded as part of the Hebrew liturgiesin the era written, during the 2nd or 3rd centuries Bce, Lamech the father of Noah saw his child’s face and chest he was born, and doubted his paternitydue to the appearance of the child (The Book of 1Enoch, Ch 105, 1-20);

“The wife of Lamech became pregnant by him, and brought forth a child the flesh of which was white as snow and red as a rose; the hair of whose head was white like wool, and whose eyes were beautiful. When he opened them he illuminated the whole house, like the sun. Then Lamech his father was afraid of him…and said to his father Methuselah; ‘I have begotten a son, a changed son. He is not human, but resembling the offspring of the angels of heaven…his eyes are bright as the rays of the sun, his countenance glorious”.

When Lamech asks his wife if she has slept with ‘one of the Watchers’ she asks would he tread upon his wife’s feelings? Methuselah travels to the ‘extremities of the earth to consult his father, Enoch, who lives there while still on earth writing the secrets of heavenly wisdom (to pass on to mankind to help rebuilding after the foreseen Deluge. Enoch was blessed by having been taken up through the heavens, by two angelic beings to hear the words and plans of the Lord).Hearing the report of Methuselah, Enoch answers;

I have shown you that in the generation of Yared my father, those who were from heaven disregarded  the word of Yahuah. Behold they committed crimes, laid aside their class, and commingled with women. With them also they transgressed, married with them and begot children. A great destruction therefore shall come upon all the earth, a deluge, a great destruction shall take place in one year.

The child which is born to you shall survive on the earth, and his three sons shall be saved with him. When all mankind who are on earth shall die, he shall be safe and his posterity shall beget on the earth giants, not spiritual but carnal. Now inform your son that he who is born is his child in truth, and he shall call his name Noah for he shall be to you a survivor. He and his children shall be saved from the corruption which shall take place in the world, from all the sin which shall take place in his days. Afterwards shall greater impiety take place, for I am acquainted with holy mysteries, which Yahuah himself has discovered to me, and which I have read in the tablets of heaven. Generation after generation shall transgress, until a time when the righteous shall arise, and crime shall perish from off the earth, until all goodness come upon it. Now go and tell your son that the child which is born is his child in truth, and that there is no deception.”

Which on reflection, is a strange and ambiguous answer. The matter of Noah’s lineage has more questions than answers in this and in the Bible, indeed it is a highly significantand extensive sub-text of the Bible. It is more than coincidental that Cain and Seth’s lineages have identical names, indicating the two lines are somehow intertwined, in ways difficult to fully discern.

This entire narrative and imagery is linked by the complex use of (Sun-related) 777 encodings, which are present in both the Old and New Testament, and relate to questions of blood-line, and of sin – ie the bloodlines of Cain and ‘those who were from heaven and took wives from the daughters of men’. In fact, in the Song of Solomon, at 7.7, the daughter of Jerusalem mentions the grapevine (symbolizing bloodline) and the date-palm (the tamarind tree, meaning ‘tree of darkness’ and symbol from the Sumerian era of the gods, and of fertility)… There are 2 females named Tamar in the Bible who are impregnated by their own kin, indicating by this the imbalanced genetics of the ‘dark’ bloodlines. The ubiquity of this symbolism and encoding of key concepts using number supports the idea that the inner-narratives of many of the different books of the Bible were most likely understood as one.


 In conclusion to this section regarding the several research labs around the world, an early andformative avenue of research admittedly,  it has been noted several times that 7.77 (and 777,etc) holds significance in the geometries of cosmic #, the Square/Circle, the sun, and Giza, particularly the geometric ratios within the Great Pyramid.

 There is some unusualsynchronicity here too – one of the first Egyptian-based Freemasonry Lodges  was started in 1784 by Joseph Balsamo*, an Italian better known asCount Cagliostro. He was inducted into freemasonry at the Esperance Lodge No.289 in Soho,London, in 1777. (more cos# synchronicity; see the etymology section for more detailed examination of the many (higher dimensional) words and meanings which stem from spiral;words for breath, work, church, inspiration, and the heavens, etc. And among them is the French word for hope, ‘esperance’). In Lyons, France on Dec 24th,1784 Cagliostro alongside his wife Serafina** founded the co-masonic (dual-sex) mother lodge of Egyptian-rite freemasonry, La Sagesse Triomphante.

*One point of interest here is that his name Balsamo connects him with ‘balsam’ a plant or tree-derived resin steeped in essential oils; the Bible has many instances of such compounds being used by women as medicinal treatments. The Song of Solomon, a central text to groups concerned with the feminine aspect of divinity, or the ‘goddess’, references balsam several times (5.1,13,6.2). The Queen of Sheba brought it as a present to Solomon, (1Kings 10.2), and it was used as an ingredient in the anointing of priests (Exodus 25.6,35.28). It may also be connected to Mary Magdalene in the depiction of her wiping the feet of Jesus with her hair, and applying a perfume, mentioned in all four synoptic gospels. Mary Magdalene is described in the New Testament as one of the women in the New Testament who ‘gave of their substance’ to Christ and his followers.

With regard to Magdalene the connections to the lineages of the Anunnaki and Sumer are present within the Bible’s details of her life;  her familial name (Bethany) holds significance, in that Beth in Hebrew means ‘House of-‘, as in Bethsaida (House of Fishermen),Bethsheba (House of Seven) and so on. . .Bethany thus means semantically; the House of Anu.Indeed, the Samaritan tribe, of which she was part, was named in effect, ‘Little Sumer’, while the Bible relates the Assyrian empire’s defeat of the tribes of Israel c.832Bce, and population of Samaria with peoples from various parts of Mesopotamia– all these points serve to connect the central mythologies of ancient Sumer,little known until the 20th century,to so many major characters within both Old and New Testaments- see the Bible section for much more on this. . .

So overall the name Balsamo would appear to have resonances with the feminine aspects of providing succour and healing, a coincidence in he and his wife being among the earliest founders of co-masonic groupings. The connections to Solomon are of interest in that he is the most significant figure in the Old Testament to have been a representative of the duality of the ‘genetics of the sun’, and had ‘many pagan wives’, often associated themselves in the Bible with the (Sumerian) ‘celestial’ genetics.

As we see in the Bible section, the only wife of Solomon named as mother of his children is Naamah; she is mother of Rehoboam who succeeds to the throne, but oversees the split of the kingdom. His name is based on the stem of ‘rahab’, linking to the female ‘serpent of the deep’/ the ‘primordial abyss’/ Tiamat, referenced by Isaiah and others in the Old Testament. Furthermore it links directly to Sumer via the city of Rehoboth-Ir, said to have been founded by (the hybrid Babylonian human/deity) Nimrod, at Genesis 10.11.Naamah is also the name of the daughter of the ruler of the Ammonites (descendents of the lineage of Lot), Nahash – the name of the ‘brazen serpent’ created by Moses, and etymologically linked to the Eastern celestial beings, the Nagas (from which the words snake, sinew, nerve and neuron all ultimately derive in Proto-Indo-European..!) So many of the semantic meanings linked with the  relatives of Solomon are concerned with celestial/ solar energies and genetics, as well as various ‘serpent-related’ celestial beings such as the Seraphim and the Nagas. Prominent wives of Solomon were from areas connected with the ‘pagan’ tribes of Canaan, Lebanon and Syria, Mesopotamia, and Egypt, indeed he married the daughter of the Pharaoh according to 2Chronicles8.11/1Kings3.1)– the Queen of Sheba (commonly believed to be from Yemen/ Ethiopia) was linked as such to the kingdom of Egypt and Ethiopia as it was in antiquity…and incidentally, she is also stated to have brought spices, and balsams on her visit to Israel, (as mentioned in 1Kings10.2/ 2Chronicles9.1-9)…symbolizing the positive female characteristics/ energies in this perhaps.

Many masonic/ alternative philosophy organisations particularly in France during the 18/19th centuries followed in the (‘heretical’ or non-conformist) footsteps of the Gnostics in terms of their esoteric belief-systems, centred upon reverence for John the Baptist and Mary Magdalene in particular. For info on the numerous French groups associated with them, such as that of the Reverend Sauniere at Rennes-le-Chateaux, see Lynn Picknett and Colin Prince’s book, The Templar Revelation).

 **Likewise the name of Cagliostro’s wife is synchronous with the ‘seraphim’; the celestial beings, or angelic order associated with the ‘fiery serpents’  and with the Nehushtan, the  Anunnaki/ Annedoti, the Nagas, and so on.

SIDEBAR – Gnosticism

It is a curious coincidence that reverence for Mary Magdalene in Europe was highest in the southeast of France, where Mary is said to have settled, in some time after 45Ad. Gnostic groups, which existed from the first century onwards in Syria, Iraq, Iran and the ‘Holy Lands’, developed into such groups in Europe such as from the 6th century the Bogomils in Bulgaria, and in France from the 11th century the Albigensians and the Cathars. These groups were greatly concerned with the feminine aspect of wisdom, (the Pistis Sophia), while Gnostic groups usually advocated asceticism in sexual and dietary practice.In many examples, ranging from Christian, Islamic, Qabbalistic, Manichean/Persian and Buddhist groups with ‘gnostic’ connections, the divinity of the unison of male and female energies was a key concept, a perspective related to the esoteric philosophy of alchemy. Also central was a belief that the material world, and mankind were a mixture of the forces of Light and Darkness, and that the (‘satanic’) creators/rulers of the ‘dark’ world helped ‘fashion’ the first human beings, Adam and Eve, providing the material basis while the God of Light provided the mind, or intelligence of man, (thus creating a being always representative of the duality of the creation). These beliefs all point to questions raised by the Sumerian myths and texts, in one way or another, particularly the nature of the Anunnaki (and their myths); perspectives have ranged throughout history, from viewing them as (straightforward) deities, ‘demiurges’, (a tribe of) celestial beings, ‘angels’, through to the ‘Nephilim’, and ‘dark powers’ as theGnostic philosophies classed the lesser cosmic powers; rather as the Old Testament books of the Bible classed the Anunnaki as the ‘Anakim’, or ‘the sons of God’. As we see in the Bible section, the character of Simon the Magician, and his paramour Helen, who he redeemed from prostitution, is one narrative from antiquity which embodies many Gnostic themes; although what can be stated is that there are many forms of gnosticism, across all the different nations and religions of Near Eastern antiquity…

One of the key texts of Gnosticism, the 3rd century Coptic (Egyptian) Greek work ‘Pistis Sophia’ was first discovered in 1773, and sold in 1785 as the ‘Askew Codex’ by his estate to the British Museum. Much within the same time-frame as the Ethiopic Book of Enoch (detailing the creation of hybrid ‘celestial’/ human bloodlines in Sumer, between the ‘sons of the gods’ and human women; these were named the Nephilim in the Bible and it is believed the Book of Enoch was a key source text for many instances within the Old Testament. The Pistis Sophia, and other gnostic texts likewise depicted the lineages of good and evil demiurges, represented by Jupiter, and Saturn accordingly). The Book of Enoch wasdiscovered in 1774 by the Scottish explorer and antiquarian the Earl James Bruce, as we shall see shortly. Indeed, as Wikipedia states, ‘until the discovery of the Nag Hammadi library in 1945, the Askew Codex was one of the three surviving codices containing full copies of all of the gnostic writings that have survived until recent times; the other two are the Bruce Codex, and the Berlin Codex’, meaning that Bruce was actually the discoverer of two of the most significant non-canonical texts/ books of bothChristianity and Gnosticism during the years of his travels in the1770’s.(In fact Bruce was also one of the earliest sources in western Europe of knowledge, and then copies of the c.12-13th century Ethiopian book the Kebra Nagast,‘the Glory of Kings’, centred upon the marriage of king Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, and the ‘line of kings’ in Ethiopia which resulted…) It is an additional point of interest therefore that the copies of the Book of Enoch, the Bruce Codex and the Kebra Nagast that Bruce and his family bequeathed to the Bodleian Library in Oxford were thus‘housed’ in Europe and Britain within just a few hundred feet of the main energy-line stretching between north and south in England, which passes directly beneath Oxford University, (as well as many other key towns of England)…aptly, it is in ch.61 of the Book of Enoch that the narrator describes watching angels (to paraphrase) ‘take measuring rods, and fly to the north, to measure the secrets of the Earth, and of the righteous’… In short then,this book was one of the key source of ideas in Hebrew culture and antiquity (probably related to Egyptian and Sumerian concepts)ofboth the celestial/ hybrid bloodlines, (of strong solar character), andof consciousness of the (harmonious)geometries and energy-lines of the Earth.

To return to the order started by Balsamo/ Cagliostro and his wife Serafina,while obviously Cagliostro found inspiration in the works and beliefs of antiquity Egypt, the Square Magazine article says it is apparent there was little ‘genuine’ Egyptian philosophy or wisdom in the various 18th and 19th century Misraim-Memphis lodges.More in fact a nascent interest, as was evident throughout the western world following on from increased publication and discussion of further archeological studies of antiquity and Egypt. Often these lodges/Rites were composed of a mixture of biblical, alchemical and Kabbalistic sources of esoteric thinking, along possibly with various strands or interpretations of Gnosticism. Cagliostro himself endured much mockery and distrust, in London and then in Europe, some large part of which was due to his own claims and manner. But the interest in Egyptian wisdom and works of art and architecture had a very real basis, in that before this time most historical knowledge of antiquity reached only toHebrew, Greek and Roman civilizations, which all owed a debt to much older strands of consciousness throughout antiquity.

So the 17/18th centuries saw a continual growth of interest in the achievements of the ancient world of the pre-Greco/Romanera,long considered prior to this as the founts of western civilization and science…

Much interest attended the researches done by English antiquarians and mathematicians in Giza, such as by Prof.John Greaves,the Gresham College professor of geometry (and then Savilian prof. of maths at Oxford) who travelled the Orient for several yearsin the 1630’s, and visited the pyramids and Sphinx at Giza – measuring the pyramids there more accurately than any previous studies, and transmitting some idea of their uniqueness and sophistication to a progressively more receptive Europe and world in 1646, (particularly the intellectual and academic elites of the time, which were instrumental in the creation of modern ‘science’ as we know it today).

During Cagliostro’s time in Paris in the 1770’s, he moved in rarefied circles, associating with the famed occultist Comte Saint-Germain, and being recommended as a physician to Benjamin Franklin; one of America’s founding fathers and leading freemasons.(Franklin headed the Nine Sisters Lodge – est.1776 – while resident in Paris, from 1779to 1785). Also a member of the Nine Sisters lodge was Antoine Court de Gebelin, who was a supporter of American Independence, and became a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1781. He also wrote a treatise on the Golden Age in mankind’s early history, and papers on the origins of language within the worldwide civilization(s) of pre-antiquity. He wrote articles on etymology, hermeneutics, and the Tarot, considering the system to be ‘an arcane repository of timeless esoteric wisdom’ (Chisholm,1911). Moreover, he believed that the Tarot deck held the secrets of ancient Egypt within it’s design and symbols, particularly the Book of Thoth (although this was without any clear evidence, in terms of Egyptian hieroglyphics as they had not been deciphered by then. Nevertheless,Greek-Egyptian philosophies had been developed from the 4th century Bce at least, creating one avenue for Egyptian wisdom to reach the West, particularly through the ‘alchemical’ works associated with Thoth, and Hermes. Incidentally, as the deity of wisdom, science, writing, hieroglyphics, magic, knowledge and measurement, Thoth was equated with the biblical character of – Enoch, the same then being represented later by the Greeks as Hermes-Trismegistus..!)

Court de Gebelin theorized that Egyptian priests brought Tarot cards to Rome in antiquity, from where the knowledge was brought to the French papacy in Avignon in the 14th century, and hence on into wider France… His articles did give rise to others such as by the Comte de Mellet, linking the 22 Major Arcana with the 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet, and thereafter articles on Cartomancy and techniques of reading, helping thereby topopularize use of the cards.

Interest in the monuments and culture of ancient Egypt gripped Paris around the turn of the century;Napoleon as Emperor of France undertook for some reason to invade the Middle East,and Egypt in particular, in 1798-1801, sendingwarships up the Nile in July of 1798.It was during this (ultimately untimely) campaign that the discovery of a tri-language stone was made – which provideda ‘crib’ enabling French researcher Jean Francis Champollion to decipher the Rosetta Stone in 1822,making the actual decipherment of ancient hieroglyphic inscriptions possible for the first time in the modern era.

This fascination with the culture of ancient Egypt was shared in the New World equally; it is a well-known fact that the founding first US Government in 1776 was largely/predominantly masonic in composition.As the sense of building a newground-breaking (!) type of society precluded reference to European history,throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries there was a strong (especially speculative) interest in the architecture and culture of ancient Egypt, among others*. Hence after becoming the first president of the United States, Washington -the man- was depicted in statue form as the Greek god Zeus holding a lightning bolt, whilst wearing the mainstay of the Roman world, a toga (!) This was not at all well received by Washington -the city – and was removed from the public place of display within months.

(As we see in this section, the symbol of a man, or ‘god’, holding two staffs includes the Inca deity Viracocha holding a lightning bolt and a ‘measuring rod’ to his side, as well as the archetypal Tarot image of the Two of Wands (Dominion) which depicts two staffs. Shown in this section are a similar (seated) figure from Egypt/Abydos, p.9, and the Long Man of Wilmington/ the Two of Wands, p.64).

*(Indeed,in Europe, freemasonry for a very long period had connected it’s own origins to the builders of the pyramids aswell as to those of Solomon’s Temple; possibly even as early as the 14th century predecessors of masonry were speculatingon this.See – Freemasonry and Egyptomania; The Square Magazine).

(There is some more curious synchronicity in the US history of this period; Washington’s birthdate was the 22nd of Feb; 22.2, 1732 (1.732 being the3, and that divided by two, 86.6% being the percentage of the Vesica axis to each circle’s diameter. And as we have seen, 360/1.62 ~φ = 222.2). His friend Benjamin Franklin’s son William was also born on 22.2 – William then had a son, William Temple Franklin, who was also born on 22.2 !)

Ben Franklin was central in American politics, and science, from the 1740’s to 1790. As a leading political figure andPatriot he wascentral to the events which led to the War of Independence, alongside his scientific endeavours. As such, he was one of the 5 men who constituted the committee which drafted the Declaration of Independence, on July 4th 1776. Immediately after this in December he was dispatched to France to act as the US’s commissioner ie Ambassador to France.

(From Wikipedia) Franklin’s (illegitimate) son, William, born in 1730, was cared for by his father and Franklin’s common-law wife. When aged around 23 he aided his father in his famous kite experiment in a lightning storm! He followed his father into public service/politics, and became in 1763 the last colonial governor of New Jersey; when war broke out between the formative States and Britain, while Franklin senior was a leading force in the revolutionary States, his son was a loyalist to the Crown – leading to an estrangement which never healed between father and son. When Independence was ratified, Franklin junior left America to return to London where he had spent several years studying law.

His son – William Temple Franklin – also illegitimate, was named Temple allegedly because he was conceived while his fatherstudied at Middle Temple in London to become a lawyer, around 1760. His grandfather Benjamin met him when on an extended mission in London, when Temple was around 4 years old. Without telling him who he was, he was gradually introduced to his grandfather’sfamily, so that by the time Benjamin returned to America in 1773, he had become legal custodian of Temple, who returned to America with him.

Temple accompanied Benjamin on his diplomatic mission to France in late 1776, and worked as secretary himself to the American diplomatic mission, including the official position as such at the Treaty of Paris in 1783, which officially ended the war, and ratified therefore American independence.

 His later years were not spent in politics or diplomacy; but he does have the unique claim of being the first ever personto receive air-mail! A letter from his father delivered across the English Channel in 1785 by the hot-air balloon ofJ.P.Blanchard, and John Jefferies… Benjamin Sr. similarly was witness to the world’s first ever hydrogen balloon flight, in 1783, from the Champ de Mars, where the Eiffel Tower now stands. (This was just 10 days after the Montgolfier brothers’ first manned flight of a hot-air balloon, considered as such to bethe inventers of balloon flight. The hydrogen balloon flight reached heights of up to 550metres, on a journey of over 21 kilometres – when it landed in the countryside it was attacked by a crowd of locals with pitchforks and knives, and destroyed…) Jacques Montgolfierhimself was a member of the Nine Sisters lodge, showing how closely science and politics were linked at that time in France, America and Europe). TheMontgolfiers invented such things as the hydraulic ram, as well as numerous forms of sophisticated fine art papers etc, indeed a form of the Montgolfiers’ paper company still exists today. Likewise, during his life Benjamin invented the lightning-rod, Franklin stove,bifocal glasses,and the flexible urinary catheter. Yet he never patented his inventions, writing that as we benefit from themany inventions of others, it is likewise good to give the world our own innovations.

When Ben Franklin died he bequeathed all his writings,papersand letters to Temple, who published Benjamin’s ‘Autobiography’ in London and Philadelphia in 1816. Temple had an illegitimate daughter in France in these years, (making it three generations of Franklins in a row to enter into patrimony, without the inconvenience of matrimony..!)

As mentioned, from December 1776 to 1785 Benjamin was resident in Paris as the representative commissioner of the United States, becomingin his role as a leading international Freemason the head of ‘Les Neuf-Soeurs’ (Nine Sisters) Lodge in Paris.

In 1784, when the ‘magnetism’ theories of Franz Mesmer began to circulate round Paris, a committee of leading scientists was created to investigate the phenomenon; the members includedFranklin, Antoine Lavoisier (the pre-eminent French chemist who was the discoverer and namer of oxygen in 1778, and hydrogen in 1783, and the formative influence in the du Pont family’s gunpowder businessin France before it emigrated to America), and J.I.Guillotin, deviser of the infamous apparatus used in the French Revolution’s violent aftermath (and also a member of the Nine Sisters lodge). In other words, quite a committee to be hypnotized in front of!

(In fact,ten years later on 8th May 1794, Lavoisier was executed by – guillotine, his pleas for clemency due to his ongoing scientific researches being rejected by the stern Revolutionary Tribunal judge Coffinhal as immaterial; within three months of that Judge Coffinhal himself was executed – during the Thermidorian (July) Reaction which saw the execution of Robespierre and 70 other leaders, the end of the Reign of Terror, and abandonment of the harsh revolutionary policies of the leading committee, such as the dechristianizationof France, and so on).

Many links existed between the du Ponts and the Nine Sisters Lodge, of whom Thomas Jefferson too was a member; it was Jefferson who arranged for the first (government) gun-powder order when Eleuthere du Pont began his Wilmington,Delaware gunpowder business after moving from France to America in1800. (And in fact Franklin visited father Pierre Samuel as soon as he arrived in Paris in December 1776). Later, in America, Alexander Hamilton was Pierre Samuel’s lawyer; and Eleuthere was chosen to sit on the board of Hamilton’s creation, the United States Bank – showing the levels of power the family occupied… through the 19th century the family built a wide-ranging chemical and industrial empire, which is still a key (multi)national conglomerate today.

In summary,the 1784 committee concluded, the power of hypnosis lay in the expectations of the person being hypnotised – the placebo effect (ie,imagination) – a conclusion which is certainlyincomplete, in truth. It is recognised today, ironically, that among the earliest civilizations to explore and develop the healing powers of hypnosis were the (incredibly advanced) Egyptians.

The website points to the 3rd century CE text of the Magical Papyrus of Thebes as an example of the procedure used to induce hypnotic states.   It was in ancient Egypt too that many advanced forms of healing, such as light and sound therapies were developed (see T.Saunders op.cit), often based on their understanding of the tonal nature of reality.Indeed the medical symbols used by the American Medical Association (rod of Asclepius/ the winged Caduceus), plus that of the sign used to indicate medical vehicles, such as ambulances, have their origins firmly within antiquity-era Egypt, and Greece in particular.

The Caduceus (left) may be interpreted as a representation of the spine, with the two hemispheres of the brain, and the dot being the ‘third eye’, the pineal gland; located not at the forehead, but towards the lower rear section of the head near the occiput and neck. The Rod of Asclepius features a serpent similar to the Nahash of Moses, twining around a vertical axis, as well as the geometries of the hexagon; (right)

Similar interpretations resurfaced/ originated within (philosophic) freemasonry in the 19th century, perhaps explaining the widespread modern application of the symbols. Some Masonic organisations portrayed the spine and the sacrum-bone within which it is ‘rooted’ (in the pelvis) in their symbology as the ‘spade’ with which the sacred temple is built; a quite sophisticated concept for the 19thcentury.

The monuments and mysteries of Egypt continued to exert a strong influence from the 18thcentury onwards.Two of the best-known examples are as follows.In Washington DC during the presidency of (freemason) Franklin Roosevelt in 1935, the One Dollar-bill was introduced which is still used today, featuring the Great Pyramid at Giza on its obverse side, with the year 1776 inscribed on the pyramid’s base, as well as a large amount of numerical symbolism (around the # 13) in the artwork.

A long time after 1776, apparently; and yet here is a Fifty dollarbill from 1778, issued by the (Continental) Congress, the first post-Independence ruling body of the States. The design is of a stepped-pyramid (Sumer built the first ziggurat pyramids, while Egypt developed them later on into straight-edged  pyramids) -with the capstone missing, like the Great Pyramid’s – and like the 1935 dollar bill, there are 13 steps to the pyramid. Compare the two notes –

⇦ One dollar bill, 1935 / Fifty Dollar Bill, 1778 ⇨

The unusual detail ofthe capstone missing was turned into a further symbolic meaning by the time of the redesigned One Dollar bill in 1935. Here, the eye on the one dollar bill pyramid capstone is called ‘the Eye of Providence’, meaning in this the ‘eye of the divinity’ – while possibly deriving from Renaissance and masonic symbology, the depiction of the eye as symbol of an ‘ever-seeing God’ had earlier gained prominence in Egypt, of course. The ‘Eye of Horus’ was applied to texts,and artworks throughout the historical period.

The design used in 1778 on the 50 dollar bill was also used in 1782 apparently on the dollar bill.  

 Secondly, one of the most famous DC. monuments – the Washington Monument  – was built between 1848-85 as a dedication to the founding father/nascent capital/nation – in the style of an Egyptian obelisk.Many cities of the world raised obelisks, either using obelisks cut from one piece of stone recovered from archeological digs in Egypt, as well as Sumerian civilizations such as the Assyrians, or simply building themselves, usually constructed using several blocks. In Britain certainly the obelisk was viewed as an architectural addition to many sites, such as large country estates, adding in this way a sense of antiquity, similar to buildings using Corinthian, or Doric columns etcetera.

Left; Egyptian obelisk of Thuthmose I, 1502-1494Bce. Those produced in this dynastic period are among the best examples from Egyptian history; the examples in New York, London, Constantinople and Rome are from his reign/ right; (white) quartz, a possible inspiration for the Egyptian obelisks.

Large sized obelisks are thus to be found in the parks and embankments of many modern cities; Rome has many obelisks taken originally from Egypt when the Roman empire achieved primacy over the Egyptian state  circa 200Ad. During the Renaissance the city likewise raised numerous obelisks in public spaces as monuments, such as the famous obelisk outside St Peter’s Basilica. In the cities of London, New York and Parisobelisks of great antiquity were raised after being shipped from Egypt; Cleopatra’s Needle as it is called, although it was originally made for the Thuthmose III temple in Heliopolis (‘city of the Sun’) in the 15th century Bce, was shipped to Alexandria in antiquity, and thencein 1819 to London. Other cities with obelisks include Constantinople, Dublin, Stockholm, Berlin, Warsaw, Vienna, Edinburgh, and so on.

The symbolic nature of obelisks is by and large centred around their representation of male lingam, in effect making the structures active rather than receptive conduits of energy. As such they representthe fertility of the city, or nation within which they are sited. This was the original meaning of the Egyptians too; Heliopolis, for example, built as a city dedicated to the sun created architectural objects such as obelisks to symbolize the male energies of sunlight. The similar form of the ben-ben stone, which represents a cap-stone, or tip of an obelisk alone, has close associations, so that the word ben-ben itself refers to the Arabic word Ibn for ‘son’; in other words for the result of male fertility.

In the United States too, from 1800 onwards, in the newly expanded capital of Washington D.C, great attention was given to new buildings designed in the styles of the ancient world, such as Rome and Greece. This was partly to avoid simply copying the styles of architecture of the European continent – such as Versailles- although as much European civic architecture was in Roman or Greek styles, the difference was less than could have been the case..!But in considering Heliopolis, which was located 20 or so miles distance from Giza in antiquity, the Egyptians were following their beliefs in designing cities locations geodetically to mirror celestial patterns; Heliopolis for example formed a representation of the heavens with the river Nile being the earthly equivalent of the Milky Way as it ‘meandered’ through the night skies. In this way the designers viewed the earth’s surface as atessellated ‘chequer-board’, upon which the cities of mankind could be aligned with the significant constellations of the heavens, forming a bridge between the upper and lower dimensions in so doing; in other words this was their way of creating a ‘city of heaven upon earth’. . .

The nascent United States government likewise built with much attention to celestial geometries in the sites and main buildings of their living spaces, conscious as they were of the opportunity as they saw it in the time of change and revolution, to inaugurate a ‘new world age’, one expressing the move towards the rights of man, and democracy. Geometric patterns, alignments, orientations, and attention to the coordinates of latitude and longitude were a highly relevant part in many instances of governmental, or civic planning, hopefully as a way of connecting the heavens and the world. The ground-plan of many American cities likewise reflects this aspiration towards the age of the Rational; thus the square N-S and W-E main street plans of many American cities, in what might be called a grid or matrix pattern. (What the effects of this lattice-work of straight lined grids of streets may mean in terms of the flow of energies is uncertain. What can be confirmed, and is part of this section’s underlying ethos, is that energy creates material forms, or expressions; and conversely, material forms shape their own distinctive energies. Somewhat as the Old Straight Tracks reflected ley-lines to some extent, so perhaps the forms the major roads took will have shaped or modulated the telluric energies which run through the land. This offers some form of dynamic feedback system existing between humanity and the world’s physical structures, on an energetic level also. This belief in the ability of changing the energies of a place by altering significant features within the built environment is the basis of much of the practice of Feng Shui, the ancient Chinese belief-system which has become increasingly recognised as valid during modern times, and also lay at the heart of the building programme of the Druids across Britain from the period of the Bronze Age circa 3600Bce.

  To return to the Washington Monument, built over almost 40 years, (possibly delayed because of the Civil War of the 1850’s), from 1848-1885, this obelisk is built to a height of exactly 555 feet-(almost certainlyfor symbolicreasons, though what these are isnot clear)- butas mentioned, as a male fertility/Sunsymbol (sunlight is viewed as male in nature from antiquity onwards), which can be viewed as channelling solar energies from this central point throughout the entire land, the value of 555 may perhaps have some connections to solar energies in the same way 777 does.

Regarding the height of the obelisk, an argument could be made that as #5 is the number of ‘man’ -and of organic growth (in fifths of 72°/ φ ratios) in many plants – this fertility symbol may be ‘read’ as symbolizing mankind,nature, life-force; and also related to 111 as a  cosmic# …see, for example, the art work ‘Vitruvian Man’ by Leonardo Da Vinci, showing the pentagonal geometries of the human figure. In similar vein the (red) 5-pointed star emblem of Soviet communism was likewise thought to symbolize the post-1917 society being built as the ‘perfection of human society’ – a view of mankind’s societal progressions through the epochs, as Marxism taught…

 -and it is possible to show a link between the two values to Cos#, and Sun/light harmonics;

555.5  x .7777 = 432.01235777

     and         1.111  x  777  = 864.

Whether this apparent link between 555 and the Sun and it’s energies is objective or not remains to be seen, although the

values of 0.0555 as 1/18, (or 1/6 /3), or as 1.111 /2 (1/9 /2) indicate that it is related to some of the key harmonic values of cos# which describe certain characteristics of the energies of the cosmos, in particular of the Sun, and the Moon. To conclude this section, the site at Trinity, White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico where the first atomic bomb was detonated in July 1945, is also marked by an obelisk, a fitting memorial and monument to the powers of the Sun.


One additional coincidence is that two of the world’s leading scientific sites concerned historicallywith the production of the nuclear bomb/ energy are located in Ox. England, and Oak Ridge, USA…

As the Etymology ‘Notes and Numbers’ section examines, the semantic/linguistic cluster ofoak/axis/ox/octave are all linkedby the concept of a world-tree/ axis between the heavens and earth; these terms relate essentially to the Octave, and to the interaction of heavens (energy) and earth (matter).

It is another synchronous fact that the Oak tree, as well as signifying sacred sites in the Bible, was also the tree most sacred to the Druids, presumably in it’s propensity to link the heavens and the earth. Even the Latin term osteo/ oss for the bone, or skeleton has its roots in Hebrew words based uponos-em-, themselves most likely derived from Mesopotamian or Proto-Indo-European origins…this relates to the concept of theskeleton/bone, as a (biomechanical) framework, or axis, around which growth was thus enabled. Boththe words for oak,and oxwere used in like manner from the Hebrews onwards etc, as symbols of strength, or foundation; thus the Hebrew words of – Osem (might/ skeleton), Osma (Strength), and Esma (bone).It is worth noting in relation to the body-form of human beings, (as well as vertebrates) that since the era, and event, known as the ‘Pre-Cambrian Explosion’ around 576 million years ago, the class of life-forms known as Chordatahave been virtually the only‘body-plan’ on Earth for all birds, fish, reptiles, mammals, primates and us! – comprising of a spine, with head and ‘tail’,the head containingthe brain and sense organs of eyes,ears,a mouth (for breathing, tasting, eating and communicating), two arms,with shoulders, elbows, hands and fingers,two legswith hips, knees, ankles feet and toes,a chest for the lungs and heart,a stomach for digesting food, internal organs such as liver and kidneys, and reproductiveand excretory organs by the base of the trunk – all held together by a framework of bones* around which are arranged ligaments,sinews and muscles, with the (fulcrum of) the spine carrying nerve signals inside itself between body and brain. The ubiquity of this patternin all the major types of life on Earth since thenshows the efficiency of this form whether foravian, reptilian, or mammalian species, be that for flying, movingunderwater, walking or running… the additional meaning of ‘chord’ signifies the conjunction of the metabolic organs along the main axis, contributing different ‘notes’ of the ‘octave’. The eastern philosophies’ model of the 7 chakras (energy-centres)arrayed from the crown of the head to the seat of the trunk likewise conveys this meaning of different energies of different frequencies, or levels, working in unison from high to low along a central axis, in what is a model of the universe itself.

All of this helps to show the evolution of organic life in harmony with the laws and physics of the universe – the Tao.

As we see in the Etymology section, the or– in ‘organic’ stems from words arising from similar roots as above which describe the sun, or it’s light; this includes concepts of ‘gold’, arising, the heavens, and abstract ones based around the concept of ‘order’. These words came from the root of Sumerian word Ur-anna (‘the light of the heavens’), Hebrew ‘or’ (light), Greek (‘ouroboros’), Latin ‘orire’ (arising/ origin) and on into words like order, organ(ise), the French word for gold ‘or’,ore, orchestra and so on.

Indeed as the Sumerian word for the order of the creation stemmed from it’s word for light, so did the first civilization of the Sumerians, (and city) Ur represent this principle, of  organisation against entropy and chaos. The modern word ‘urban’ traceable back to the Latin ‘urbis’ means city; or in it’s original meaning in Sumer, ‘place of light’, whether in prosaic or sacred terms. . . The Latin word ‘ora’ likewise meaning ‘cord’ holds similar meaning of encirclement and protection; seen in the Egyptian, Mesopotamian representations of deities holding a ‘cord of protection’ which defined the limit or boundary of the universe, or the kingdom. This is the origin of the mentions in the Bible, and the Book of Enoch of angels holding a ‘measuring cord’, (Rev 11.1/ Enoch ch.61). . .

this last point shows the links between the ‘Or’ stem and cord/chord words based upon‘line’ or ‘axis’-related meanings, such as – course, cause, corridor, career, core and even kernel. Interestingly the sense of this word as the central seed oraxis-line/point within a circle reflects upon the 1 & 0 symbolism present throughout antiquity, such as stone rows or menhirs, and circles – and likewise to the world leading Particle Accelerator/ Large Hadron Collider at CERN, in France…

And indeed it might be possible theoretically to link the 1 and the 0 with the atom itself, whereby the 1 represents the  (+) proton at the centre of it, and the 0 the orbital pathways of the circling (-) electron.Taken even further, this can be viewed as the meaning of the words of Jesus when he said ‘I am the Alpha (1) and Omega (0)’; making his being an aspect of the godhead within the atom, and the cosmos. Symbols of the circle with a dot in the centre were of course representative of God in antiquity, showing the centre point of the creation, and the circle or bounds of the cosmos as it emanated outwards.

* to touch just briefly on the question of  the skeletal system, and meanings ascribed to it in the Taoist philosophies, the conceptual symbol of Tai Chi (or TaiJi as it isalso termed) offers an additional perspective; while the bones are seen predominantly as emblems of death in the history of art etcetera, it transpires that not only are they an essential part of the human body (within the microcosmos of the universe that the body is), but within the hardness/’lifelessness’ of the skeleton/ bones, the quickness of life itself is created, in the formation of blood cells within the bone’s central marrow; this is symbolic or representative perhaps of the continual cycles contained within the TaiChi symbol, where all things evolve to their limit,(yin;softness, receptivity,calm; and yang;hardness, light, activity,strength, etc) and then return in the direction of(re)balance andnew growth. The small dots in the two halves of the symbol indicatethat each state always contains within itself the seeds of it’s opposite/corollary, which rise and fallin timewith the cycles of the Tao, thus creating a symbol of the positive, negative, and interacting, balanced forces of the cosmos.


Didcot; the meeting point of all three lines.

From Harwell another 2 or so miles along the Michael and Mary line reaches the centre of the threenational lines, at Didcot,Oxford; from Lands End the line has travelled a distance of 223.01 miles/ 358.90km.A figure which is very close to the √5, 2.236, and therefore close to phi, as√5 + 1 /2 = φ.

 This quiet unassuming English country-side town may well represent the ‘heart of England’, in geometric terms, approximately 15 miles south of Oxford. In keeping with the high tech (and energies) theme, it appears that Frank Williams world-beating F1 racing team, Williams Racing, was based in Didcot for the majority of it’s history, from the 1980’s onwards.Team Williams has won more Grand Prix and constructors championships  (9 constructor’s championships and 7 driver’s championships)  from it’s small South Oxfordshire base than any other team in history, apart from Ferrari (19/16 with an additional 20 years racing).The team was based at the Basil Hill Road site(5-600metres from the line) where there is still a museum of Williams Team GP cars etc. Apparently Williams are now based about 5 or so miles west in Grove,Oxford, (in the parish of the Vale of the White Horse, named after the Uffington glyph some miles further west).

Curiously, the housing estate where the 3 lines meet,a remarkably down-to-earth and prosaic, indeed ‘hidden’ centre-point of England, is composed of roads named after rivers in all areas of England; Mersey,Avon,Colne,Usk,Cam,Derwent,Weaver,Beaulieu,Trent,Humber,Tyne,Tamar,Wandle,CherwellOrwell,Tweed,Lune,Stort,Ray, and the Yare (at which point this 366 mile-long line begins/ends, where it reaches the sea at Great Yarmouth. Several roads here are named after rivers in Devon, where the line passes through, such as Weycroft (on the r.Axe),Exe,Yealm,Ottery,Torridge; the Dart, along with the Plym,Tavy,Avon and Ashburn, as we have seen, originate on Dartmoor,through which the M/M line runs.

This all reinforces the sense of the place where the 3 major ley-lines of England meet as being a geographic meeting-place(or locus point), be that of counties, rivers or energy lines… while the down-to-earth character of the centre point of England may be seen as a distinct benefit in avoiding major urban build-up around it.

Sinodun hill-fort &Little Wittenham;

Moving onwards, just approximately 2miles(at 225.55m) we find a highly ‘significant’ historical place;in the vicinity of Little Wittenham, the Wittenham Clumps, as named, and the Sinodun Hill-fort,comprise an area archeologists have found evidence was a community of buildings  and homesteads since pre-Roman times, circa 500 Bc. (from at least, obviously…)

There are some quite fascinating points to make about this area.Firstly, this place is within 0.9 miles! (226.41m) of theφ point of the entire 366.35m line;

     –      so 366.35/ 225.55 (Sinodun)=1.6224 ie -0.004 = φ 1.618033

the actual phi point is; 366.35/ 226.41 = φ

 366.35/139.93 = φ²(2.618033),

therefore the phi point is at 226.41/139.93 miles along.

As can be seen from the map, the Michael and Mary line passes directly across Round Hill and Sinodun hill on the north side while besides these there is a third hill,Castle Hill, marked by another Neolithic/possibly Iron Age burial site, Brightwell Barrow.

 *As ‘Neolithic and early Bronze Age Oxfordshire’,by Gill Hey(2006 states, the indications from Oxford University digs at various sites are that these type of (long)barrows, long-enclosures, stoneworks and circles etc, date from around the middle of the 4th millennium Bce (ie, c.3600 Bc; the same time-frame as the start of the Sumerian civilization, and the dating of the earliest Neolithic long barrows such as West Kennet in Avebury). . .clearly a time of innovations and developments around the world. Sitchin places the length of the orbit of Niburu, the ‘planet of the gods’ as 3,600 years; and links the effects of it’s being within the solar system to times of great significance (and turbulence) within human history; at the time of Christ which coincided with the end of the age of Aries and the start of that of the Piscean age, 3,600 Bce (which saw the beginning of civilization with the Sumerian innovations of agriculture and cities), 7,200Bce (in the Fertile Crescent, the domestication of plants and farm-stock animals, and beginnings of crop-sowing), 10,800 Bce (instability at the polar caps after the end of the last ice-age/ the Deluge) and so on.

 A few hundred metres away down the hill’s slope runs the river Thames, and at the base of the hills themselves lays the small village of Little Wittenham,Oxford. The small,Norman church of St Peter’s has the amazing postcode of OX14 4RA.

This deserves some consideration. In other words, it may be viewed as; Ox; spine/world-tree/axis (see Etymology) (indeed the Oxford coat-of-arms contains a tree – heaven/ earth axis –  an ox – foundation/ backbone – and an upright sheaf of wheat – fertility – in a diagonal ascending line).

From the Bible comes the central number of 144, the number of the Heavenly City and peoples (12 x12,000), from the Bible, and in the AdTriangulum system (see the Vesica section); 14.4 is the number of each ‘building-block’ of the system formed by dividing the Vesica Piscis hexagonally, so that 14.4 3 x 6 = 86.6 (the √3/ 2 ie 1.732/2) which is the ratio of the height of the central axis of the Vesica.And obviously 14.4 x 6 = 864, the harmonic closely associated with the Sun and with light.

And lastly,Ra is the Egyptian God of the Sun, (and part-building block of the word Pyramid, as well as Ram in Hebrew denoting higher dimensional‘power’).

Offurther related interestis that (according to online sources, it is possible to see from the top of Sinodun Hill 3miles north-west,just across the Thames, to the Joint European Torus project, located at the Culham Centre; part of the UK Atomic Energy Authority and the ‘UK’s national lab for nuclear fusion research’ -primarily involving magnetic-field controlled plasma physics shaped by a circulartorus*(rather like the energetic processes at the heart of the Sun, whereby fusion causesatoms to bond, creating elements of increasing atomic weight, releasing energies including light in the process) – in the torus this is achieved in a controlled and sustained high-pressure magnetic field/ atmosphere.

Soit appears that yet another extremely hi-tech site/ research lab is situated in close proximity to these major energy pathways. In factthe history of tokamaks the original Russian nuclear fusion design models, is interwoven with the history of the JET at the Culham Centre, as well as Harwell, (indeed the British Atomic Energy body has facilities still at both of these centres). International co-operation and combined studies/ conferences of the International Atomic Energy Agency etc, and further efforts have seen interaction of these leading fusion centres around the world. Whether that is still the situation nowadays is obviously another question. An amusing example is when the first Russian tokamakat Kurchatov in the 1970’s started producing  amounts of power never previously attained anywhere,curiosity in the international scientific research community was high. To validate their claims, the authorities there in 1975 allowed a team from the British fusion research programme to observe and measure the tokamak’s output; these scientists had the nickname in Oxford of ‘The Culham Five’, in ironic tribute to theinfamous spy ring of theCambridgeFive, workingfrom the 1930’s to1970’s.

See the Daily Telegraph 9/2/22 for news on the JET setting a new world record for the amount of energy produced by a nuclear fusion tokamak. A planned international effort called the ITER is due to be operational sometime in 2025, having 10 times the internal volume of JET, thus creating high expectations for the facility based in France.

With regard to the lines proposed by this chapter, this internationally renowned advanced physics researchcentre,(located at 51.65°N(!), 1.23°W(!) of Greenwich/32.36°W(!) of the Giza site/Prime Meridian) is less than100 metres distance from the vertical N-S line of the three; is visible from the Land’s End-Great YarmouthSW-NE Michael line; and is also within ‘line-of-sight distance’ of the NW-SE Holyhead-Hastings line. Thus Culham is sited in quite in what is an incredible confluence of circumstances.

(left) the nationally important Culham Centre at centre top, with Little Wittenham and Sinodun below right on the Michael and Mary line, close toDidcot, and Harwell.



*(On a footnote, the work of the JET at Culham – and all magnetic confinement fusion work sounds considerably like the physics of the Bell, alleged to have been part of the Nazi war effort /research in 1940’s Germany/occupied Europe.The Bell was said to have consisted the following; a bell-shaped chamber with two counter-turning shells was filled with gases/ fluids which were condensed andturned into a plasma (a volume of gas in an electrically-charged state) and then placed within a magnetic (torus) field. From there vorticular energies could further be applied to create immense energies.

The inspiration for this was said to either come from Sanskrit Vedic texts describing the creation and uses of vimanas, ‘mercury vortex’ powered craft able to fly not just above Earth, but between planets; or alternatively, from the inner physics of Tibetan ringing bowls, a possible source of inspiration.(Though it is possible that such claims as the existence of the Bellmay have been designed with such‘esoteric’ related details, in order to lend plausibility).

It is clear though, the Nazis had a very serious interest in both ‘esoteric’ or ‘arcane’ western scientific subjects as well as Eastern occultconcepts, and their potential applications to modern 20th century technology, and a corresponding large number of highly talented scientists working on their weapons programmes; so much so that it is considered that by the end of the war they were only months away from having operational ‘wonder-weapons’ of various sorts (including jets, radar-invisibility materials, long-range missilestargeting America, radio guidance systems, fuel-air bombs, nuclear bombs in theory, lasers, and transistors necessary for computing).That their scientists were valuable is proved bythe post-war scramble by America and Russia for their weapons scientists, intelligence and research records, and examples of technologies. General Patton and the lead American divisions in Germany in 1945 indicated the importance attached to this by diverting their path away from conquering and entering Berlin ahead of the Russians to the area instead around Pilsen, (near Bohemia south Germany) just inside occupied Czechoslovakia where the Skoda works was located; for to avoid Allied bombing General Kammler had allegedly based much of the Reich’s ‘black- weapons’ programme central works and bureaucracy there.

(One ironic indication of the talent of German research institutes and physicists etcetera is thatwhen NaziGermany targeted Jewish scientists working in their research institutes anduniversities in the 1930’s, they forced the resignation and exile of more than six (subsequent) Nobel Prize winning physicists – who then emigrated to work as (nuclear) research scientists in the nations which became the ‘Allies’!)

This Nazi focus on ‘revenge‘-weapons (V1 and V2 meant ‘revenge weapon 1’ etc); and indeed the post-1945 rush to space in the US and USSR (combining both sides’ pursuit of‘valuable’ Nazi scientists, plus rocketry/ ICBM production, atomic fission physics, and nuclear weapons production as it did) –  calls to mind the saying of Jesus;

              Matthew 11.12*;  The kingdom of heaven suffereth violence,and the violent shall take it by force.   

It is almost a certainty that if Nazi Germany had developed operative nuclear weapons before the Allies, they wouldhave used them to secure victory – especially considering the clear hopelessness of their military situation for the last two years of the war.

*(As we have seen, 360 / 2 /φ  = 111.2 , or 36/ 32.36 = 1.112)

To return to Little Wittenham; it is said (on Wikipedia)there are myths of buried treasure under a hollow on Sinodun Hill,in something called ‘the money-pit’. As we see in the section on China and the Taoist arts such as acupuncture and Tai Chi, in the martial arts there epithets such as ‘gold’, or ‘jade’ or ‘pearl’ are used for form-names, not-so-much literallyas metaphorically, to indicate the character of certain internal aspects of energy and physiology – this constituting ‘alchemy’ in it’s primary sense.

In this mannerthere is certainly an argument for the same applying here; for in being a major point on the M/M line, it can be said to be a ‘way-station’/ repository, or cross-over point of the cosmic energies that flow through the Earth –containing as such the ‘golden’,or refined energies of the Sun.. .

  As to the common mythos of buried hoards of treasure being guarded by dragons, this too perhaps can refer to the underlying (non-material) reality; as the ley-lines in question have been called ‘dragon  lines’, or ‘serpent lines’ by virtually all of the foremost civilizations of antiquity; the ‘serpent/lion of the ground’ of Gilgamesh, and the Sphinx (ditto) facing eastwards on the 30° parallel. Hence the combination of Pi in the numbers of chapters and verses in the Bible (3.14/15 etc)with mentions of Serpents; akin to the line the Sphinx (the ‘lion of the ground’) looks along from West to East on the 30th Parallel.

In a strange – or perhaps completely natural – confluence of events, the Wittenham Clumps have gained a lot of attention in the past, particularly the 20th century. Most interestingly, the famous WW1 artist, Paul Nash spent a great deal of time painting these hills and surrounding area, his collected paintings of Wittenham being published in the 1920’s in the book ‘The Pyramids of England;Nash and Wittenham Clumps’*

 As the book-title reflects, Nash said in 1930 of these small hills in a quiet corner of S.Oxford ; “Ever since I can remember them the Clumps had meant something to me. I felt their importance long before I knew their history. They were the pyramids of my small world”. (P.Nash,Outline).

He also said, “In the painter’s mind, this place has a compelling magic”  In the 1930’s he  visited, and painted pictures of Avebury, (and Silbury Hill), namely ‘Druid Landscape’ and ‘Landscape of the Megaliths’ (standing stones/monuments).Furthermore, that the hills and area reminded him of ‘a beautiful legendary country haunted by old gods longforgotten..!


  From here, we shall skip over most of the rest of this line, for reasons of brevity;* although there is little doubt that any close study of the line through the counties of Bedfordshire, Herts, Norfolk and so on, will reveal many points worthy of attention.

* One slightly surreal coincidence is at Whipsnade Zoo in Bedfordshire, just west of Luton (shortly after the point at Ivinghoe where the Beacon marks one end of the Ridgeway ancient track-way); for as the diagram shows, there is an embedded glyph (stone, or chalk or painted ground-image) of a lion, obviously modern(!) What is curious is the description of the serpent in Gilgamesh, (which steals the Plant of Life from him by the pool/stream in the very last chapter of the epic), as the ‘lion of the ground’,ie serpent. This metaphorical use of the serpent across antiquity (especially in cosmic# cultures) was among other things used for describing’dragon lines’ or ‘ley-lines’, energetic pathways across the world…

The Sphinx at Giza,set on the 30thparallel looking eastwards to the rising Sun, is thus placed in similar intent, in our view, to draw attention to the existence of these subtle pathways/ energy fields; one epithet of the Sphinx, from antiquity, was that of ‘the Lion of the Ground’ – gazing  toward the source of the life-forces – the Sun,symbol;the lion – which travel through the earth’s surface, along indeed, a ‘lion of the ground’;ie. a ‘dragon-‘, or ‘serpent- line’.

To return to the glyph; as can be seen, the 366.35mile long line passes within approximately 100 metres… this is quite amazing, in fact it is fair to say, a further example of the many strange coincidences which occur along these lines. To return to a previous point,the  latitude of this ‘lion of the ground’ glyph is,of course,51.84°N – and 0.555°E (of Greenwich).

From this point the line travels eastwards passing through Luton, and on into Hertfordshire; midway between here and Great Yarmouth lies the town of Bury St Edmonds, home of one of the great Christian monasteries and then cathedrals in early Christian times. Richard Heath writes that not only were two of this era’s main Christian centres on the Michael and Mary line, namely Glastonbury and Bury St Edmonds, but also that from here a line may be drawnat a right angle northwards to another centre of early Christianity, at Durham, where another cathedral was built from 1093 onwards. Many associations existed at this time between the communities at Durham, and those at Holy Isle, Lindisfarne, where the North-South energy line is anchored. Heath assesses of the works of architecture created by the Benedictines and Cistercians in the Gothic movement were linked to patterns of geodetic meaning, that “the ancient centres where the Benedictines sited cathedrals and churches were part of a megalithic network of sacred sites that had been organized upon the Earth, sometimes with a twelve-fold geometry”. It is accepted that Bernard of Clairvaux, head of the Benedictines, founder of the Cistercian brotherhood, and nephew of oneof the nine founder-members of the Templars (Andre de Montbard, who was later the fifth Grand Master of the Templar Order). ) was one of the founders of the Gothic innovations and style. 

The Templars were founded in 1118Ad to protect pilgrims travelling from Europe to the Holy Lands after the First Crusade. For the first 11 years they were establishedin Jerusalem at the site of the Al-Aqsa mosque, upon the Temple Mount site, with only their nine founding members. We have already seen the Temple Mount is where Solomon’s Temple, and the Eben Shettiyah (the Foundation Stone over the ‘abyss’) within it’s basement, were located in antiquity; at the ‘omphalos’ point which placed Jerusalem at ‘the centre of the world’,(an epithet which has changed little with the millennia). Bernard’s stewardship of the Council of Troyes in 1129Ad ensured the Templar order was granted a Rule, effectively ensuring them Papal authority as an order, after 11 years in Jerusalem with just the nine members! The many connections within this story between members of various orders, and noble families within the Burgundy region and throughout France, point to there being many esoteric links between the Templars, related French orders, and with the Islamic orders responsible for the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, the third most sacred site in the Islamic faith. Thus it is highly possible this wasthe route by which the‘cosmic wisdom’ of antiquity was transferred, or shared with the West; this is primarily how the Gothic cathedrals were designed, sited and built with extraordinarily high levels of consciousness across the following two or three centuries.

And supporting Heath’s assertion in this respect of a connection to a megalithic network of holy sites, it is true certainly many Christian churches and cathedrals in Europe were built on sites which had already been places of worship for hundreds, if not thousands of years before then; Chartres cathedral for example, according to Strachan is estimated to have been the site of a pre-Roman church sacred to the Carnutes, who had a druid grotto dedicated to a virgin they believed would conceive and bear a son; there was also a sacred well (!) which can still be seen in the crypt. Within this space since the Middle Ageswas kept the Black Madonna, the carved pear-wood figure of the holy mother Mary, called ‘Our Lady Under the Earth’, which again appears to unite both Christian and pre-Christian ideas, of the sacred feminine, of the powers of the earth,and underground streams and wells…

the Black Madonna (painting) of Czestochowa, Poland

Further back, Strachan states there may have been a dolmen on the site dating back to megalithic times circa 2400 Bce. Another curious point is that Chartres cathedral is oriented not to the East, but at 45°between North and East, from south-west to north-east!–much like the Michael and Mary leyline, (although it’s angle of orientation is 61° to the equator…)As Strachan notes, this particular 45° NE orientation is also that of Stonehenge, and the midsummer sunrise.

At Great Yarmouth in Norfolkthe energy-line crosses the mouth of the river Yare and then through the site of the Minster,ending (or beginning)in the narrow area of land between river-mouth and sea.

Line 2: The Isle of Wight: centre at Didcot: Holy Isle, Lindisfarne,Northumbria.

   Holy Isle of Lindisfarne(a)- Didcot centre(b) – Isle of White(c);  ab 281.30 / 452.61

                                                                                          bc   65.14 / 104.81

                                    ac 346.44 / 557.42

346.44/ 281.30 = 1.23 1567 -ie 0.003000016 < 1.23456789.

346.44/ 65.14= 5.3

281.30/ 65.14= 4.318; or alternatively, 281.33/ 65.12 = 4.32 (! )

– the harmonic related to thesun, as well as being its radius of 432,000 miles.

Similarly 281.36 / 65.06 gives 4.3245, which is close to the actual radius of the sun at 432,450 miles/865,000 diameter, and also to the 43.3 / 86.6% (√5 /2, ie  1.732 / 2) heights of the twotriangles within the axis of the Vesica Piscis to the diameter of the two circles it is made of.

And lastly, curiously, at a point just less than 1 mile south of the centre point at Didcot, the length of AB/BC = 282.25/64.14 = 4.40

-the harmonic of the Tuning Reference note of the piano, and the measure of the Great Pyramid’s base in cubits and a key harmonic of 11 and 110 within the ratios and measures of the site at Giza- so these measures are all in close proximity to cos# values of some significance. . .

And further yet, this line’s numerical length is virtually identical to the cosmic#of 345.6,*  which we have seen occur many times, from the geometry of the square and the circle (8.64 x 4); 1.728 x20; π x11 (both cosmic#/harmonics); and found in the proportions of both the entire site at Giza, and as importantly, in the  geometries and measurements inside the Great Pyramid; particularly the Grand Gallery – the ‘spine’ of the edifice connecting the ‘body’ (ground and subterranean passages and chamber), and the ‘heart’ (Queen’s Chamber), with the ‘head’ (the Antechamber and the King’s Chamber), the length of the Grand Gallery being 346.1′ inches / 28.8 ft, as measured by Petrie.

The first point of note is that Sandown Road on the Isle of Wight, as the (arbitrary) starting point of the line, turns out to be 1.1111°W of Greenwich!

The Isle of Wight has a very diverse history, and like Holyhead,Anglesey, andthe Holy Isle of Lindisfarne, has long been considered a place of some inner-significance…

Indeed the name,from Roman times on, apparently has a meaning along the lines of Vecta/vectisfrom Anglo-Saxon period Latin, meaning ‘place of the division’; quite appropriate for one end of the ‘axis’ of England/Gt Britain, considering the spine is the body’s symmetry line.

And tracing the path of this central vertical line through England, between these two well-known islands, we find some very unusual,if not incredible data…


Aldermaston Atomic Weapons Establishment;

Firstly,having seen the proximity of the SW-NE line to Harwell Atomic ResearchEstablishment, (passing within 50 metres from the fence) we find another incredible synchronicity; c.18 miles south of where the 3 lines meet at Didcot, the S-N line passes directly nearby two nationally renowned military/scientific sites, in Berkshire near to the border with Hampshire and Surrey; in the 1970’s and 80’s the British nuclear weapons programme of mainly Trident missileswas based at Aldermaston Atomic Weapons Establishment- at a distance of 5 or so miles to the Air Force base at Greenham Common (where the anti-Cruise nuclear weapon protests of the 1980’s took place…)

The N-S line we are studying actually runs between the two sites, as the diagram shows, with Aldermaston the wedge-shaped area on the right, at a distance of c.1.5 miles from the line; and Greenham airbase (now reverted to commons) on the left.

 – the (ex) nuclear weapons airfield/base of Greenham Common was at the centre of the feminist/anti-nuclearprotests of the 1980’s, something anyone old enough will remember was a matter of immense national outcry and debate. And Aldermaston is the nationally recognised Atomic Weapons Establishment, and centre of the UK’s nuclear weapons systems, responsible for research, production,maintenanceand decommissioning, etc. It also interacts with such agencies as the Los Alamos National Laboratories in the United States,noted already as where the world’s first nuclear bombwas produced/ constructed.

Aldermaston’s central role in Britain’s post-war nuclear weapons programme led to it being placed at the forefront of anti-nuclear protests from the 1950’s onwards,as seen in the  ‘Aldermaston Marches'(which involved protestors walking from Aldermaston AWE to London, circa 55 miles/89 km over a few days) The1963 march garnered about 100,000 supporters by the time it reached Trafalgar Square.

Incredibly,concerning this research complex’s proximity to the putative ‘telluric energy lines’ under consideration, there is (apparently) a related division of the AWE called Aldermaston/ Blacknest, which has developed the science of ‘forensic seismology’ for over forty years, enabling the detection of subterranean nuclear weapons tests across the world; contributing in this way to the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty… this section is sited 1 mile west of Aldermaston,meaning it is approximately just 500 metres east of the energy-line we are studying.

 Aldermastonis the wedge-shaped area, while the seismology site is the nearest set of buildings tothe line, a field or two’s length away…

Moving onwards from this, we may examine what appears to be the primary point of interest of this line;namely, that an unusual  number of major cities are located upon it, so much so that the ‘line’ as the diagrams show, passes actually through the city centres of the following towns and cities, at the distances listed:

     * Isle of Wight    0 – 0.1 miles
     * Portsmouth0 – 1 miles
     * Oxford        0 – 0.3 miles
     * Derby       1 – 2.0 miles
     * Sheffield  0 – 0.1 miles
    * Barnsley0 –  0.4 miles
    * Wakefield0 – 0.1 miles
    * Leeds         0 – 0.4 miles
    * Harrogate0 – 0.4 miles
    * Newcastle 0 – 1.2 miles
    * Holy Isle of Lindisfarne0 – 0.1 miles

 As regards details of each town, the following points may be made;


Portsmouth/Gosport; since the Royal Navy rose to it’s position ofpre-eminence between the 16th-19th centuries, in terms of politics andnaval military power, the city of Portsmouth was the primary base forbuilding/housing/repairing the British fleet on the Channel.

It may be argued that as a key component of British sea-powerthe port helped prevent the invasions by the Spanish Armada and Napoleonic French forcesduring these centuries, and saw the expansion of areas controlled by Britain in it’s (inevitably temporary) empire.Also no doubt it helped with organising the naval forces set to defend the nation against Hitler’s planned invasion in 1940-42, along the entire Channel coast.


Didcot centre;

As mentioned in the previous section, the Joint European Torus lab is sitedat the Culwell Centre, a few hundred metres to theeast of this line, around 2.5 miles east of the NW-SE line, circa 2.9 miles distance from Didcot centre, as well as being only 2-3 miles north of Wittenham/ Sinodun where  the SW-NE (ie Great Yarmouth) line runs; and indeed is visible from Wittenham/ Sinodun hill.


Oxford– as we saw with Sinodun Camp/Little Wittenham, the county of Oxford is home to the centre of the England in terms of this cosmic# geometric symbol, and likewise, the university town of Oxford is located directly upon the line, circa 10 miles north of both Didcot and Wittenham/ Culham.

As can be seen, the line passes through/beneath the halls and grounds of some of Oxford University’s colleges, in particular St Edmund’s College Halls, as well as New College’s front grounds, 130feet or so to the east of it’s college buildings (by CalcMap)…

The town of Oxford is a world-renowned centre of academic research and learning; Oxford University is one of the oldest, and most highly regarded universities in the world,and likewise attracts some of the most world’s intelligent students, and academics. It has been among the most prestigious universities across Europe (along with many others) and the world since the 16thor 17thcenturies, possibly even longer…

Of equally great interest is the fact mentioned, that of the three copies of theBook of Enoch brought back from Ethiopia/Abyssinia by theexplorer and antiquarian James Bruce (picture right) in 1774, one (or possibly two) of the three is ownedby the Bodleian Library, part of the University of Oxford. This is c.300 metres distance fromSt Edmund’s Hall, and the North-South major axis/line of England; a fitting place, bearing in mind the words in theBook of Enoch, regarding the activities of the angels observed by Enoch during his ‘trip to the heavens’ (ch 61, v1-2);

And I saw in those days the angels were given measuring cords. . . they took to themselves wings, and went off to the North/ they have gone off to measure/ all

their measures shall reveal the righteous, and the secrets of the earth“.

And the Bodleian Library is at 51.74°N (the angle of the Great Pyramid), and 32.38°W (of Giza/Prime Meridian), much like Didcot at 32.36°W.thus 360/ 32.38 = 11.11 8 (ie. the proportion of Giza-Oxford to a Great Circle of 360 degrees of the Earth’s circumference = 1/11.11)…

Coincidentally, the Temple of Luxor, one of the most sublime and conscious expressions of sacred geometry and metaphysicalarchitecture of all the pyramids of Egypt situated along the(left-hand side of the) Nile, (according to Schwaller de Lubiscz and others) is located 32.38°E of Greenwich, and 1.25°E of Giza (and 5°S).Likewise, the Bodleian is 1.25°W of Greenwich, and 32.38°W of Giza…

(see Schwaller de Lubiscz for more on the Temples of Luxor, and Karnak).

There is another fantastic coincidence based in Oxford; early archeological explorations of the ancient site of Ninevehin the late 19th century led to the discoveries of thousands of ancient specimens of Assyrian culture, by and large inspired itself by the predecessor civilization Sumer. Among the (baked)-stone tablets are ones listing the (pre-deluge) King Lists of ancient Sumer – some of these incredible archeologicalexhibits are housed at the Ashmoleanmuseum in the centre of Oxford. (The significance of these early King Lists in terms of tracing mankind’s roots back to a pre-Deluge time when mythical cosmic visitors the Anunnaki were establishing the foundations of human civilization as rulers living within the land; over long periods of time in pre-history theycreated different classes of humans with increased levels of hybrid celestial-human genetics to gradually assume the role of sovereigns. Whether these ‘celestial lines’ are the same, or separate to the biblical lineages of the Nephilim – which may or may not be connected to questions of kingship, as in Gilgamesh, the line of Cain and so on –  is an interesting question. Comparing the different characteristics and histories of the lines by examining Sumerian, Assyrian, Babylonian and Near Eastern myths, as well as those within Hebrew and Christian scriptures, deutero-canonical and historical texts, can mean there is an immense amount to debate regarding the lineages…


By the Oxford/ Northampton border,at Chipping Warden just north of Banbury, is an archeological site reportedin the Guardian on Jan 11th 2022 , detailing the discovery and 12-month excavation of an entire Roman town – based at that time beside a 10-metre wide Roman road – in a field situated on the planned HS2 route.*

Archeologists have found the road (Roman roads were surprisingly well-built usually), domestic and industrial  buildings, over 300 coins, and the usual cups and plateware; jewellery,glassware, and Samian pottery imported from France…

*Over 1000 archeologists have worked along the line of the HS2 high-speed railway route in a bid to gain as much scientific /cultural information and material as possible while the ground works are exposed during the construction process.

Incidentally, it was the Romans who introduced the distance measure of themile/yard/foot/inch, theubiquity of the Roman Empire very possibly being the reason for the widespread adoption of what areknown as ‘Imperial’ measures from then until now.

The N/S line we are studying runs through the fields within a mile of Chipping Warden. Whether the field is even closer to the line is not detailed at this point. Another (un)surprising coincidence, and incidentally, showing the close relationship over the centuries between some major roads of society, and the routes ofenergy lines through the landscape…a point which started the subject of ‘ley-lines’,as mentioned, with the publication in 1925 of ‘The Old Straight Track’ by the amateur archeologist,antiquarian,photographerand innovator/businessman(!)Albert Watkins. It was in this book that the term ‘ley-lines’ was first used, in hisobservations/theory about present-day towns being linked by a network of straight-lined ancient tracks from the Neolithic pre-Roman era up to the present. He was not necessarily a proponent of telluric energy-lines  per sealthough he did believe the tracks were the result of man’s sensitivity to natural magnetic lines of force as they shaped the environment.An extension of his ideas occurred during the 1960’s and 70’s, with works by John Michell,Keith Crichlow and others… (see John Michell’s discussion of Watkin’s understanding of mankind’s neolithic-era shaping of the landscape in ‘The View over Atlantis’)

*Further coincidences concerning HS2 archeological sites include the discovery of three ‘utterly astounding’ and ‘exceptionally well-preserved’ Roman statues of a man woman and a child, at St Mary’s church, Stoke Mandeville,in Buckinghamshire (between Oxford and Luton). The finds were made beneath the grounds of this medieval church, built in 1080, abandoned in 1880, and demolished in 1966. The Roman discoveries indicate that many medieval churches were built upon existing religious/burial sites…something noted in the section on Chartres Cathedral, which has had several distinct temples/churches built over previous edifices since pre-Christian times. Supporting the theory that such centresof religious activity are often higher dimensional ‘navel-points’within the land; upon which architectural features are then built; very often according to the precepts of sacred geometry, connecting the cosmic energies which constitute the ‘life-force’ of the Earth,to the landscape, and the people who live there. As we saw in the Bible Chapter, the story of Jacob at BeerSheba,the Well-of-Seven (as sucha symbol of the ‘fount‘ of the octave of life)encapsulates these concepts -throughout history- based upon thesetting of a foundation stone (ie using resonant materials for the building of a church/temple) at the siteof the ‘omphalos’ point.

Stoke Mandeville is approximately 1 mile from the Michael and Mary line. But the site of St Mary’s, just south of the town towards North Lee, is even closer. Estimating the distance at 900 metres, a little over half a mile. That some sites are found upon the line is not necessarily surprising though; overall, over 300 sites along the HS2 route have been excavated; expectations are that the field-work stage of the digs will be completed by the end of 2022.

 Derby; of the town’s listed here this is the furthest from the Lindisfarne Line, at about 1.5-2.5miles…


Sheffield; here the line passes right through the city centre, almost perfectly aligned with the streets. It travels along the A61 directly through the citycentre within 30 metres of the Crown Court/main law courts, etc etc…We have seen the hypothesis that many Neolithic monuments from the era of 3800 – 2500 Bce such as Stonehenge, Glastonbury, Avebury, as well as French holy sites such as Mont St Michel, and Karnak, in Normandy, France, were placed consciously, according to the sensitivity of the druidic class to sites occupying significant positions within world energy grids and leylines.This characteristic was not only to be found at neolithic sites, but inlater periods the constructions of abbeys, monasteries and cathedrals in the Christian era in England – especially the Cistercian and Gothic cathedrals (which seem to have been strongly influenced and guided by Near Eastern sources of wisdom), in Europe, and in France and Britain. So it is a curious coincidence that not only does this leyline, the main vertical axis-line of England, run directly through Sheffield’s city centre, but directly past Sheffield Cathedral, (as well as directly through the centre of the Cathedral Church of St-Marie; it passes the cathedral at a distance of around 10 metres distance or so, ie beneath the tree on the east end of the cathedral garden on East Parade!


Barnsley;  just west of the city centre, approx a mile.


Wakefield; again, through the city centre, runningactually

beneath HMP Wakefield, andpast the train station, etcetera.


Leeds; this time just under 700 metreseast of the centre ‘proper’, (where the Headrow begins,at the West Yorkshire Playhouse…)


Harrogate; less than a mile from central point of this largely genteel N.Yorkshire spa-town.


Fountain’s Abbey, N.Yorkshire;seven miles or so north of Harrogate, and three miles east of Ripon lays the Middle Ages site of Fountains Abbey, originally one of the largest Benedictine and then Cistercian monasteries in the country founded in 1132, but left to fall into disrepair after the dissolution of the monasteries in 1540 by Cromwell and Henry VIII.Again a connection to the Burgundy orders of the church to which Bernard of Clairvaux and other influential figures concerned with the Gothic movement belonged, in fact the Cistercian are known as the Bernardines after the man who expanded the order after it’s official incorporation in 1112 Ad in Citeaux, Dijon. Cistercian monasteries and churches were built in England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland, from 1131 onwards by Bernard and his order. Cistercian architecturegained a wide reputation for high quality, throughout Britain; Tintern Abbey and 12 other were built in Wales in the mid-12th century; Rievaulx, Newminster, Meaux, Jervaulx and Fountains Abbeys were built in Yorkshire in 1130s and 40’s, Melrose Abbey and others in Scotland. In 1140 Saint Malachy of Ireland visited Clairvaux, returning later to Ireland to build several Cistercian abbeys, which are said to have spread learning and religion throughout the country. By 1145 the order was so important that Bernard was an advisor to king Louis VII’s brother, Henry of France; later that year also a Cistercian monk was elected to the papacy, Pope Eugene III ! By the time of Bernard’s death in 1153 there were 333 Cistercian abbeys throughout Europe, after which a halt was put to expansion…

The grounds at Fountains Abbey include the ruins of the abbey, ruins of a Jacobean mansion, Fountain’s Abbey Mill which is the oldest  surviving monastic corn mill in Europe,St Mary’s (!) Victorian church, and the Studley Royal estate owned by the Mallory family since 1452. The 500 acre grounds are a  UNESCO World Heritage Site due to the importance of the buildings and historical events which occurred there.

From here the line travels through the beautiful and sparsely populated North Yorks farmland and then moors, broadly parallel to the (centuries old) Great North Road,the A1…


Newcastle; here the line crosses through the city environs approximately 1.5milesfrom the centre of the city, through the area just west of the centre (along the main arterial route West Road) and north of the Tyne.

An interesting point is found in the news of the discovery of another part of Hadrian’s Wall in the city’s centre; the wall was built by the Roman’s inAD80-100 to secure a line across Britain between the Roman conquered lands, andthose of the Scots, who the Romans were unable to conquer/ pacify.

Running 73miles/117km, from Wallsend area 15 miles NE of Newcastle on the east coast, across Northumbria to Bowness-on-Solway on the West coast, many parts of it still remain standing, in well-preserved order today – and occasionally town building works uncover long-buried sections,and other archeological wonders which are then studied, and hopefully protected, by various teams of archeologists.

As two articles in the Guardian (11 Aug 21/29 Jan 21) state, recent work has uncovered a previously unknown section of this 1,900 year old wall,  in the vicinity of Denton… there arepreservedsections of the Wall in  the (sub)urban areas aroundBenwell,Heatonand Denton Burn, in very closeproximity to the recent discovery. For example, just along West Road towards the centre is a ‘temple of Antenocitus’.

The precise location is at the Silver Lonnen roundabout, (a short distance from where the West Road crosses the A1), ie the small roundabout just to the right of the line; with a sense of the inevitable perhaps, the N-S energy line runs within300 metres of the Silver Lonnen roundabout, near also to the Denton Hall parts of Hadrian’s Wall…

 Consideration of the old English roots for the name ‘Silver Lonnen’ (from Wiktionary) indicates ‘lonnen’ is the straightforward old English/Geordie term for ‘lane’ – and also possibly related to ‘line’. So the site may well be called ‘silver line’ effectively, an extremely appropriate name for the energy-line(s) being considered. (In the same way, ‘Lindisfarne’ holds potential meanings which refer to this sense, rather similarly tothe meanings ascribed to Rosslyn/Roslin as ‘rose-line’…


From Newcastle the line runs through Durham county,N.Shields, until it reaches Holy Isle, Lindisfarne. Possibly – in one interpretation – etymologically derived from line, brook, or stream, (lin-), which doesreflectthe nature of these energy pathways.As its name suggests, also, the island has for a long time been considered to be aplace of retreat, healing, and sanctuary, and was a major centre of Christian learning from the 7th century onwards.

What the underlying potential ‘meaning’ of these lines is must certainly be worthy of examination.

One circumstance which may shed some light on the prevalence of so many major towns and cities laying directly on the course

of the ‘main ley-lines of England’, comes fromthe pages of the Guardian, in Nov 2021; marine researchers in Scotland havediscoveredthat an underwater power-cable across the sea-bed has changed the behaviour of indigenous crab populations (!), 

for some reason causing them to congregate aroundthe line of the cable…

The crabs certainly won’t have had any consciousness of theeffect of the power-line; it may be simply because the line is slightly warmer than it’s environment; or it could be that there is an electro-magnetic field around it which attracts certain species of sea creatures. Animalstoo can be attracted to EMF’s which then cause biological damage to their immune, endocrinal and reproductive systems, inner organs and so on. Birds’ fertility, egg-shells, endocrinal systems, and internal organs and so forth have been shown to suffer as a direct result of long-term exposure to such energy ‘fields’, to name but a few of the ways nature suffers in the conditions of modern life. Studies on cows have likewise found damage to fertility, milk production and hormones, while lab tests have found disturbances in the immune system of mice (Bundyuk), metabolism, altered adrenal glands and hormone levels, and structural changes in the liver, spleen, testes and brain in white rats and rabbits (Dumanskij,1973!). Changes to the integrity of the blood-brain barrier have been found in mice (Salford), and irreversible sterility found also in mice also (Magras, 2001).  The health and behaviour of both bees, and ants have been found to be adversely affected by EMF’s, according to scientists such as Dr Andrew Goldsworthy, and Professor Martin Pall of Washington State University, at even the genetic level, effects which translate to impaired abilities, behaviours and populations.

So the damage EMF’s of modern life cause to biological systems is to all appearances systemic in virtually every cell of the human body too, probably even the bones. In fact many studies of phone masts including 5G networks have indicated that sometimes they are being installed within distances of populations, or at outputs higher than recommended safety levels in ways that are likely to cause injury with long-term exposure; and some scientists have questioned even whether accepted’ safety levels are adequate, varying as they do around the world. The power of phone masts to affect us is often debated, in emotional ways; but in purely physiological terms there are reasons why they are not meant to be sited within 300 metres of children’s schools, or hospitals, etcetera.

Whether the sea-bed Scottish crabs are adversely affected by EMF’s is uncertain, but this must be a possibility. For humans too it is possible we are all attracted, instinctively (for the most part) to places with healthy or harmful energies, whether natural (most likely) – or artificial – without realizing it. We are biological life-systems, and as such respond on a subconscious or instinctive levelto the complex interwoven networks of energy (and information) which exist all around us.This universal sensitivity to the energy of ‘place’ is what the art/science of Feng Shui has proposed/studied for centuries…

Obviously, work and home conditions lead us to living wherever we do, meaning choice is always circumscribedone way or another, not least by our own insensitivity; but the basic premise,that both positive and negative energetic environmentsaffect us primarily in theinstinctive and subconscious centres, is becoming increasingly accepted. Especially as scientists refine their aims and methods for studying energies. Methods of studying the organizational effects on matter energy fields can have include that of cymatics, which points to both the harmony, and dissonance of certain vibrations and frequencies within our environments.

The fear is that the unrestrained industrial growth of modernity is playing an increasingly destabilizing role in the delicate balance of forces within which life exists. As the consequences multiply with each year, the different systems of the Earth upon which we depend; damaged systems of weather and the atmosphere which support life, such as the Gulf Stream in the oceans, the hydrological process, monsoons etcetera, the quality of soils, pollutants and environmental degradation within the air, land and sea and rivers, the rapidly melting polar ice caps, damaged food-chains within Nature such as to the invertebrates, fish stocks, krill, plankton; and many other instances within Nature, are all showing evidence of great disequilibrium. Such immediate effects include droughts, reduced nutritional yields in crops, an increase in existing and new diseases, extinctions, weather events such as storms, lightning, flooding,earthquakes, hurricanes, wildfires decimating more forests, receding water tables and aquifers, increasing toxicity levels in countless environments, and of course, the ubiquity of micro-plastics in all living things…

What price we ultimately pay in our dependence on ever-increasing amounts of energy remains to be seen.

Putting this to one side, the theoryregarding these meridians (channels) of life-force, which form the ‘backbone of England’and it’s geometrically related other two primary lines, is that human beings tend naturally to be attracted to where ‘positive’ energy isfound within the environment, both individually, and en masse.

 And all things otherwise similar, energy lines, or cross-over node points/ key sites along the lines,within the Earth’s energy-grid(s) will, and do, exert some kind of unseen ‘subtle’ influence on the living environment, whether that effect is in the energetic towns and cities, or in the quietness and clean air of the country-side.

Line 3: HolyIsle,Anglesey: centre: Pevensey Bay,Suffolk.

m/    km

Holy Isle of Anglesey   – centre – Hastings ; ab 186.39/ 299.90

    bc    88.18 /141.91

  ac   274.57 / 441.81

The distances certainly contain some surprises; 186,282 miles/second, or  299,792 km/second is the speed of light (C) – (ie. 670 million miles an hour!)So C. divided by the length of line AB, from Holyhead to the Didcot centrepoint, at 299.90km, is 999.64, substantially close to a tidy 1000 (a difference less therefore of 108 metres total would make AB exactly 1/1000th of the Speed of Light). Considering the importance we have seen of C, the speed of light to matters of cosmic #, this line and the others would appear to be in some resonance with energies of such value(s)… in other words it is unsurprising to find a correlation between the speed of light, and energy-line pathways which channel the solar and sidereal energies of the cosmos through the surface of the planet. Again also we find some form of connection to the Great Pyramid at Giza; having noted the speed of light to be 299,792 km a second, it is a curious fact that the Great Pyramid is located at 29.9 792° N of the Equator, making it the smallest of distances from the 30th Parallel. And this circumstance is pointed to in other features of the Giza site – just to the pyramids’ side along a causeway is one of the oldest monumental artworks in the world, the Great Sphinx of Giza. And the Sphinx, also known as ‘the lion of the ground’ (which refers back to the epithet given to the serpent in Gilgamesh which steals the Plant of Eternal Life, and more generally equates the Sphinx to the powers of the sun as they vitalize the Earth, through ‘serpent’ or dragon-lines), looks directly eastwards along the 30th parallel, to the point on the horizon where the sun ‘rises’ each day.

 We start this line in the northwest of Wales, at Holyhead mountain , Holy Island,a small island separated by the Cymyran Straitfrom the larger island of Anglesey, which is separated from the mainland by the Menai Straits.

This ‘sacred’ island has been home to religious figures and orders since the 5th century at least;to quote ‘’* on their site on Anglesey, Christian hermits being known to have livedthere since then at least. Orthodox orders and churches flourished, even through the 9th century whenViking incursions took place. This widespread activity over the centuries …’is evidenced by numeroussurviving early churches, monastic ruins, holy wells, ancient crosses, and hermits’ cells on the island’.

St.Cybi’s main church is an unusual edifice in the town of Holyhead,Holy Island, built within the walls of an empty Roman fort at the harbour. Holyhead mountain, where this line starts, is the site of a neolithic hill-fort, which the Romans likewise built a fort on.

The accompanying religious picture (icon) of St.Seiriol and St.Cybi (also spelled Cubi !) shows them in front of a church on Anglesey with a river pouring from it’s doors ! What the original intent of this religious image was is uncertain, but it is clearly an excellent symbol for the line(s) we are looking at here. Likewise the fact the geometries of the 3 lines resemble those of the cube, hexagon, star of David and so on, repeatedly adapted throughout history in various linguistic/ artistic/ architectural examples; for example the Holy-of-holies in the Temple of Jerusalem.

 The island has a high number of standing stones (ie. monoliths/menhirs etc), cairns,tumuli, barrows,stone circles and so forth; (wider Anglesey likewise has many such features, one of the most notable is Brynn Celli Ddu. This isa burial chamber dating from c.3000Bc, aligned with the skies so that the sun shines through a portal at dawn into the chamber on the summer solstice,June 21st.Brynn Celli Ddu also features two concentric stone circles, a quite unusual neolithic design).

In stark contrast with the previous line, the course of this route travels predominantly over rural land, from start to finish; there is virtually not a single town or city on this line – a characteristic which may actually indicate that the role, or nature, of this line, is in some ways different to that of the other two – particularly the North-South line between the Isles of Wight, and Lindisfarne.

 So it may be possibility that this line is more ‘passive’, or ‘receptive’, or ‘feminine’ in nature, theoretically, concerned with absorbing rather than emitting/transforming solar energies..? Clearlythe possibility exists that, as Gurdjieff stated, all (cosmic) phenomenon divide naturally and completely into three aspects, positive negative and neutral, (balanced/ in equilibrium).

Though speculative, this could see the 3 lines, therefore, as with all three-fold divisions, functioning as (predominantly) positive/ negative/ and balancing lines(+/-/=). One interpretation might be SW-NE is the +ve line, NW-SE the -ve, and N-S  the = equilibrium or combined energies, much as the spine reconciles the energies of the body (-) and the head (+). This can only be a tentative theory at the moment though…


  Tracing the course of this largely rural line, there are very few points of ‘note’,perhaps unusually few for a line of around 440 kilometres length… and virtually no towns or cities along the line’s path.

An early point of note is the town of Caernafon, or Caernavon, situated at the point where Anglesey island connects to the mainland (ie at the Menai Strait). This town has existed since prehistoric times, ie before the Roman invasions of Britain in the first century Ad. A fort was built by the Romans in Ad 80, to defend against attacks by the indigenous tribes of Britain, in particular that of the Ordovices in north west Wales. It’s importance was reaffirmed in the 13th and 14th century, being part of Britain that the Norman forces of William the Conqueror could not overcome. . . Wales retained it’ independence until 1283, when the Tudor dynasty united most of Britain under the English crown. Due to the town’s history and character it has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Having noted the occurrence of several places along the lines related to the etymological sense of sinew, sine-wave, sentience and Sion, it is fitting that the river which Caernavon is sited on as it enters the sea is the river Seiont. Caernavon’s pre-Roman name was Afon Seiont, and by 483Ad it was known as Caer Segeint (‘fort Seiont).

 After Holy Island and Caernavon, the line’s route runs immediately through the Snowdonia National Park, indeed it runs within 1 mile of the edge of Mt Snowdon, the highest peak in Great Britain. From Snowdonia the line traverses mid-Wales until it reaches the English border in the area of Malvern, situated in the middle of a triangle between Hereford, Worcester and Gloucester.

As John Michell first noted (diagram from Heath, left), it was a site near to this area that the ‘Perpetual Choirs’ of ancient druidic Britain were centred; the sites of Llantwit Major, Stonehenge, Glastonbury, Goring -on-Thames and six others all spaced 38.2 miles apart formed a 10 pointed figure with the centre at Whiteleaved Oak, near Ledbury and Malvern. Obviously the name of the site had associations with the oak tree within the druid religion. Likewise we have seen the importanceof the oak in etymological terms of words in virtually all languages related to Proto-Indo-European, with the central meaning of the oak as symbol of the ‘world-tree’, which forms an axis between the heavens and the earth.

 In keeping with the importance of this spiritual centre all three towns mentioned above had cathedrals built in them in the 13 and 14th centuries – and still have a choral festival each year called the ‘Three Choirs’. . .

Malvern is alsohome of the extremely hi-tech Royal Radar Establishment,c1.5miles from the line; having noted the importance of quartz, and silica in Cornwall, and Dartmoor, it is noteworthy that a scientist at the RRE at Malvern, Geoffrey Dummer was one of the first scientists in the world to propose building an integrated circuit on a chip; he gave a symposium in Washington D.C in 1952, among others, thus attaining a place in the history of the development of the computer.

From here the line runs on through the county of Worcester, the Cotswolds and N.Oxford for around 40 miles until it reaches Didcot.        

From the centre point at Didcot in a south-easterly direction,there are 2 points of interest as it runs to the English Channel near Hastings, in fact at Pevensey Bay,Sussex – and one of slightly less importance, in mid-Berkshire, wherethe church of St Mary isbuilt directly on top of the line, muchlike the named churches onthe Michael and Mary line(s).

The more important feature is a couple of kilometres from the line, near to the where it completes its journey (in Suffolk) to the English Channel. This is the ground-figure, or geo-glyph, ofthe Long Man of Wilmington.

This is c.3-4 miles distance from the line, and around 6 miles distance to Pevensey Bay. But,there is a curious point here. If we notethe end of the line is at Pevensey (at 51.8141°N),**(see angle of GP = 51.74-84°,andin the  Squared Circle the presence of 51.81° which is phi (φ 61.81) -10 as each quarter of the circle is 90°), we can see that the figure is precisely, to within 0.003 of a degree, at the same latitude to Pevensey beach;(coordinates now are written in a mix of sexagesimal-derived360 degrees in a circle), and each degree with decimal thousandths, or more, rather than each degree having the sexagesimal 60 minutesand each minute having60 seconds (1/3600 of a degree).

 So though the points are separated by  5-6 miles,which is equal to 9-10,000m/16,000ft, as the diagram indicates,the latitude of Pevensey beach is less than 300metres north of the figure at Wilmington. A difference little more than a field’s length to where this national line meets the sea approximately 6 miles eastwards.

This is another curious coincidence concerning sitings of Neolithic monuments, potentially from the druidic eras, to what some believe is a specific geomantic lattice/matrix, or ground-plan – be that across Britain, or Europe; one positive effect since then has been that the most important node-points in Britain have been left undeveloped/ unbuilt on by social building programmes – for a period measured not in centuries, but thousands of years… in the relatively closely inhabited spaces of parts of the British Isles, something which is no mean achievement.

With regard to this point John Michell quotes on p.6 of his book ‘The view over Atlantis’ from the writings of the 17th century antiquarian and freemason Sir William Stukeley, one of whose drawings of Avebury and surrounding sacred sites (desrcibed as ‘his drawing of the twin symbols of the alchemical fusion, the serpent passing through the circle’ by Michell) is reproduced earlier in this section;

The ancients did indeed  make huge temples of immense pillars in colonnades, like a small forest; or vast concaves of cupolas to represent the heavens; they made gigantic colosses to figure out their gods; but to our British Druids was reserv’d the honour of a more extensive idea, and of executing it. They have made plains and hills, valleys, springs and rivers contribute to form a temple of three miles in length. They have stampe’d a whole country with the impress of this sacred character, and that of the most permanent nature. The golden temple of Solomon is vanish’d, the proud structure of the Babylonian Belus, the temple of Diana at Ephesus…that of the Capitoline Jupiter are perish’d and obliterated, whilst Abury, I dare say, older than any of them, within a very few years ago, in the beginning of this century, was intire; and even now, there are sufficient traces left, whereby to learn a perfect notion of the whole”…

Another coincidence is that the name Wilmington is significant in the United States as being the (East coast, Delaware) home-town of the renowned Du Pont clan, and modern-day multinational chemical company since 1802, when Pierre Samuel Du Pont de Nemours, and his sons Eleuthere and Victor left revolutionary France, with Eleuthere bringing his superior gunpowder production facilities with him, created with the tutelage of  Lavoisier, the great French chemist already mentioned. (In France the du Ponts were relatives of a minor noble family in Burgundy France; home of the various groups and individuals who were instrumental in the rise of the Templars, and the Cistercians etc, in the 12th century! Whether any links exist within the region is in all probability small, though as yet unresearched…) In fact, Wilmington, Delaware was named after the 1st Earl of Wilmington, (Spencer Compton), from the area of Eastbourne, Sussex (near to Hastings), who was a statesman and politician who eventually attained the office of Prime Minister, from 1742 until he died in July 1743… 

Du Pont incidentally, as mentioned, were the lead designers, builders and operators of the massive Hanford, Washington state nuclear fuels production facility for 4 years, from 1942-46 in it’s early developmental stages.Moreover, the 2nd and 3rd atom bombs produced at Los Alamos using Hanford-produced material – those dropped in Japan – were designated ‘Little Boy’ (enriched uranium gun-type weapon, used at Hiroshima), and ‘Fat Man’ (a plutonium implosion-type weapon, used for the Nagasaki bomb); an earlier laboratory code for a model which was less effective was the 1944 ‘Thin Man’ design, which was a plutonium gun-type design given priority by Oppenheimer, but soon replaced by the more successful methods named. (The names Thin Man and Fat Man, symbolic of the key shapes inside the bombs were taken apparently from Dashiell Hammett characters in the Maltese Falcon(!), while Little Boy was to provide contrast to Fat Man)… But all three names neverthelessprovidea tentativeand curious connection to the ‘Long Man’ of Wilmington, as well as other symbolic links.

Further coincidences occur in this (key inner) story of mankind’s weaponisation of the powers of the sun; for example,the news of the first ever atom bomb on July 16th 1945 at Trinity test site came at just the right moment politically, probably intentionally; for July 17th was the opening day of the Potsdam conference near Berlin, Germany, in which the three Allied powers of America, Britain and Russia, (represented by Harry S.Truman, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin respectively), decided the details of the post-war peace, Germany having surrendered 9 weeks earlier – with Japan still fighting in the Pacific and refusing to surrender, despite it’s quite inevitable defeat.

The telegram sent to Truman’s staff in Potsdam by the officials concerned with the Trinity test read as follows;

“Doctor has just returned most enthusiastic and confident that the little boy is as husky as his big brother. The light in his eyes discernible from here to High Hold and I could have heard his screams from here to my farm”

The code meaning the explosion could be seen 250 miles away, and heard for a distance of 50 miles. Strangely though, this text recalls the birth of Noah as described in the Book of Enoch, when his appearance made his father believe the new-born was the child of one of the ‘sons of the Gods’, the Watchers;

“The wife of Lamech became pregnant by him, and brought forth a child (Noah) the flesh of which was white as snow and red as a rose; the hair of whose head was white like wool, and whose eyes were beautiful. When he opened them he illuminated the whole house, like the sun. Then Lamech his father was afraid of him…and said to his father Methuselah; ‘I have begotten a son, a changed son. He is not human, but resembling the offspring of the angels of heaven…his eyes are bright as the rays of the sun, his countenance glorious”.

A passage at the heart of one of the most important narratives which are hidden and encoded in the Bible (as well as virtually all the major religions’ scriptural writings) concerning the ‘celestial bloodlines’ as they were a significant part of mankind before – and after – the Flood.Something which is examined in great detail in the Bible sections.

As an example of the many other examples of synchronicity which occur in this story is the first comment of Oppenheimer when the Trinity test on July 16th worked; not the Bhagavad Gita quote already mentioned, of Shiva become the destroyer of worlds, but a separate quote Oppenheimer later recalled thinking as he watched the detonation;

“If the radiance of a thousand suns were to burst at once in the sky, that would be like the splendour of the mighty one”

which comes from chapter 11.12 of the Bhagavad Gita…

Another quote from the Hindu scripture written from the 3rd or 4thcentury Bce which points to levels of consciousness of cosmic forces many researchers and writers believe was present therefore during this era in India; in like manner some question whether some form of atomic explosion was undergone at Mohenjo-Daro. The Vedic (and Jain) texts also contain detailed descriptions of Vimanas(meaning literally ‘having been measured out’ ), flying craft which are powered by the ‘forces of the whirlwind’, use various compounds of Mercury; and are able to ‘fly between the stars’…

A great manyVedic texts describe vimanas, including the Ramayana, Mahabharata, Rig-veda, Artharva-veda, Vishnu Purana, Bhagavata Purana, and so on. Often they are described as being ‘sacred buildings’, with several storeys of rooms etcetera, which may be symbolic in some sense (ie implying the ‘cosmic’ proportionality of the sacred architecture of temples, and ‘heaven-earth’ axis points many such sites are located at), or may have been a way of relating to their listeners’ experience. Sometexts go into great detail on these ‘mercury vortex engines’;texts such as the Samarangana Sutradhara,which devotes over 230 verses to describing the construction and capabilities of such craft. It is fair to wonder then, when considering the philosophic qualities of the Vedic texts related to such modern subjects, whetherthey can be ascribed to a source of cosmic consciousness from that time; which it may possible to connect to the Hindu cosmic beings the Nagas, powerful other-dimensional beings of great wisdom, who are dedicated to boththe celestial and the human agendas…)

Also related may be the already mentioned early South American depictions of the founder of mankind and civilization, Viracocha,depicted at the gate of the Temple of the Sun at Tiahuanaco in Bolivia as standing holding a rod to either side of him. One rod is that which defined the omphalos point of the land where it sunk into the ground at Cuzco, and is similar therefore to the ‘measuring rods’ depicted in Egyptian hieroglyphics and bas-reliefs; as well as Sumerian stelae, and in the Bible and other Hebrew/Christian texts in their descriptions of angels with rods measuring the Earth, and the City of God…

And as relevantly, considering the nature of the atomic bomb, the other rod held by the god depicted at Tiahuanaco is a rod

which causes thunder and lightning, which archeologists reasonably interpret to mean the god was a ‘storm-deity’…

The Long Man of Wilmington/ The Two of Wands (Dominion)

More points of interest attach to the geo-glyph (ground symbol) itself – a man stood between, or holding,twovertical lines, or rods. The visual resemblance of these lines to the (double) energy lines we are discussing in this sectionis certainlypossible. And of equal significance, this figure is found in the Tarot, (as any regular card user willrecognise), in the minor arcana court-suite card the Two of Wands, which is referred to by the name also of ‘Lord of Dominion’, whether over the outer world, or equally relevant, over the self.

And the last point of note for the moment, is that the line reaches the sea at Pevensey Bay,Sussex. This, it transpires, is where the Norman invasion and conquest of England began in 1066, meaning Pevensey Bayis where the French Norman forces made land (see wikipedia), soon after which occurred the Battle of Hastings,and all that ensued; the introduction of William the Conqueror as the King of England, hisNorman relatives and nobles assuming control over English society, and the Norman era of history,complete with the changes and innovations they brought.

And, incidentally, one connected to the issue of Dominion; as the Domes-day Book, (the Census listing every household in England, ordered by William in 1086) reflects in it’s name, be that of the nation by it’s new Norman rulers (in the late 11th century), or of the local – domestic – environment by the farm and land/ householders present within it’s pages.

The possibility may be that viewed through the lens of the Norman invasion, the word Dominion and name of Wilmington raise the related semantic meaning of Will – the control of the Self – and also therefore of mankind’s ‘wilfulness’ – a question in the history of mankind raised in the biblical narratives of the Nephilim, who as ‘mighty men’ and ‘giants’ (‘long men’) encapsulated the dangers of self-willwithout divine guidance – (the full expression of which ‘necessitated’ the destruction of the Tower of Babylon, the onset of the Deluge, and so on); and a question likewise raised in the application of the energies of the cosmos to produce weapons of dominion, annihilation and destruction – predominantly negative meanings, though dominion may refer to science’s ‘control of’ the powers of the sun.

Coincidentally,the Bayeux Tapestry features the third site on the related ‘Michael/Apollo’ line; namely Mont St Michel in Normandy, France, in the 16/17th panels, in the era after the area was annexed from the Duchy of Brittany in 933. In the Tapestry Harold Godwinson, king Harold of England rescues two men from quicksand at the site, in the year before his death at the battle of Hastings. After the battle the monastery at Mont St Michel gave it’s support to William, and was rewarded with lands in England, among which was the site which was named thereafter St Michael’s Mount in Cornwall…in this way linking the Michael/ Mary line from Lands End to Great Yarmouth with the Michael/ Apollo line, running from Skellig Michael, 12 miles off the coast of Kerry in Western Ireland, through Cornwall, Normandy, Switzerland, Italy and the Mediterranean to Israel and Mount Carmel.

Indeed there is supporting evidence for the ‘celestial’ nature of such events as of the Norman invasion, in the appearance of a comet over Hastings during the week of the battle, a circumstance included in the Bayeux Tapestry made to commemorate the Norman victory; as John Michell writes in City of Revelation, p22; “It has always been believed that the decisive moments in history are attended by the appearance of strange aerial phenomena, such as the glowing cross recorded by Josephus at the fall of Jerusalem, or the comet over the battlefield at Hastings. . .”

So in all, this point at Pevensey Bay where the third line of England reaches the sea may fairly be marked as where a new octave of British history began. A fitting end to our study of these national energy-lines, and hopefully the first in more studies of these links with higher dimensions which cross bothour land, and every land, in the invisible harmonic and geometric patternswithin which the world and it’s processesof life arefounded.

Section appendix;

In the section on Silbury Hill the appearance of a crop circle on 27.6.2007 near to the Bronze Age site was noted. The aerial photograph of the crop circle was published widely, as shown; many identified it as a temple, possibly referencing the chequered floors of masonic halls;

But having noted the significance of the Law of Seven and the Octave in cosmic#. and in examples of sacred architecture such as the Great Pyramid at Giza, it appears possible that an alternative interpretation may be more appropriate an answer, namely, if the image is rotated round by 90°.  Then the image may be seen to be something entirely different; the inner structure of the Great Pyramid, in particular thesteps and right hand wall of the Grand Gallery ! As the Egypt section notes, the wall of the Gallery (which in symbolic terms is the upper spine of the Pyramid) is composed of seven overlapping layers. As such constituting a representation, from circa 2800Bce, of the Law of Seven, ie that of the Octave. This is supported by the thin groove between the third and the fourth layers from the bottom panel. This means in Octave terms that attention is being placed on the (Do -re ) mifa interval… in the Ray of Creation, the gap existing between the Earth (microcosmos) and the Planets (fatae); a circumstance of the flow of energy through the dimensions which necessitates the existence of organic life to ensure the correct functioning of the solar system (!); for without this (resonant) ‘organ of perception’ or ‘sensitivity’ the energies between the two levels would be unable to interact.

The two intervals within each octave, at Do-Si, and Mi-Fa are central to understanding the Law of Seven as it describes all physical (and cosmic) phenomena, according to Gurdjieff, who brought the renewed understanding of this, as well as that of the related Enneagram, to modern times. That the Great Pyramid encoded the significance of this symbol/ process into one of it’s key architectural features shows the continuity across time of the transmission of the tenets of sacred wisdom…(as do numerous other features of the Pyramid, and many other Egyptian monuments; but particularly within the Grand Gallery of the Great Pyramid. So it is a circumstance at the top of the gallery that the central axis line is crossed by the SW-NE line of the North facing star shaft, and the SE-NW line of the Gallery, at the precise point on the latter where the mi-fa line crosses the N-S axis, running from the basement vertically through the Queen’s Chamber roof apex on upwards to the Great Step at the top of the Grand Gallery)…

If the Queen’s Chamber is the ‘heart’ of the Pyramid, and the King’s Chamber is the level of the brain, or ‘head’, then the point at the junction of the mi-fa line, central axis and star-shaft may be equated to the neck-point in the human being called the Occipital Gate in TCMA, at the top of the spine as it enters the skull. A point where symbolically matter and energy meet, or the heavens and earth. This is the point where the Sumerian Tree of Life stela depicts a deity inserting a ‘pine-cone’ into a man’s neck, possibly indicating the creation of fully conscious ‘homo sapiens’ at some juncture in pre-history by the introduction, or enhancement of celestial factors into the human frame.

(left); the Grand Gallery, drawing,1809.

(middle) diagram of gallery showing the mi-fa groove.

(right) centre-line axis of the pyramid, showing where the mi-fa line and North star-shaft cross over on the axis at the King’s Chamber level.

This estimation of the meaning of the cross-over point within the Pyramidis purely theoretical; the Ante Chamber, just besides this point, and of great esoteric significance in the inner structure of the Pyramid is then what precisely? Perhaps the pineal gland, seated directly between and behind the two hemispheres, near the occipital and parietal bones of the skull, and linking the higher and lower aspects of the self according to philosophers throughout history, as well as performing it’s complex functions within the body’s physiology..? The only sure conclusion is that some form of metaphorical significance was attached to this axial cross-over point between three of the most important architectural lines within the Great Pyramid…

From the crop circle it can be seen to replicate the stepped ceiling of the Grand Gallery, so that from beneath it resembles a set of stairs running up the ceiling (!)- another of the great number of puzzling and awe-inspiring details of the pyramid’s design which will have involved extremely high levels of precision and care during construction…

As noted, while the Great Pyramid is 51.74-84° angle, and at 30°N, Silbury Hill, likewise ‘pyramidal’ in shape, although only 130 feet high, (which is considerable for a man-made hill!), is at 51.41°N, and is 30°angle of slope (the latitude of which is exactly 1/7 of the polar circumference of the Earth). Moreover, the re-interpreted image now shows the pyramid shape, with a structure of inner-steps, ie as a ziggurat. The Great Pyramid is assessed to have probably been constructed in this way, with the outer, now-removed polished white limestone casings forming a smooth side. By the estimate of archeologists, it is possible Silbury Hill was likewise made level by level. Further, both pyramid and Silbury Hill have flattened apexes, as the crop-circle shows, in the case of the pyramid probably due to the removal of the entire cap-stone, or benben stone, although equally possibly an intentional part of the pyramid’s design.

And lastly, the crop circle design effectively indicates the significance of the square and the circle in sacred geometry and cosmic #, symbolizing within themselves and their interaction the relationship between energy and matter within the universe; or between the heavens and Earth.


One curious last note which relates to this interaction is the following ;

we have seen how the Lindisfarne-Isle of Wight line measures 346.4 miles long,0.8 miles differenceto the Cos# 345.6, and indeed3.46 4 = 0.866 x 4 = 1.732 (√3)  x 2 = 3.464. So 172.8 x 2 = 345.6, and 173.2 x 2 = 346.4. Possibly a reason why the Grand Gallery in the Great Pyramid, as we have seen a symbol of the upper half of the spine as it reaches the brain-stem and brain (connecting Queen’s Chamber/chest and King’s Chamber/brain), measures 346 British inches – or 28.8 feet – in height. (With 288 already being shown from biblical number symbolism to represent the basic vibrational rate of the universe, perhaps why 14.4 is the basic unit of the Vesica Piscis hexagon sub-division into triangles, and thus the points on each of the lines, where the three lines between each base and vertex cross, divide into 14.43 and 28.86, making 43.3 in total).

 Also how if the346.2 mile long N-S line’s Lindisfarne-Didcot midpoint AB = 281.30m, and the BC section Didcot-Isle of Wight = 65.15m, then the proportion of AB:BC = 4.32 5:1. (ie 281.35/ 65.05 = 4.32 5) Which is so close to the Cos# 432 – 4.33, (see VesicaPiscis as mentioned, plus the radius of the Sun at 432,500m radius /865,000 diameter) as to be identical.

Additionally, if the line from Lindisfarne to the Isle of Wight is measured to the point whereit crosses the M62(point M),exactly where the M62 crosses the M1, a couple of miles south of Leeds, it

is of interest that the measurements are as follows;

  AM:      Lindisfarne -M62   = 211.60

         MC:      M62-Isle of Wight   = 134.70

AM/ MC= 1.57089.

As such,it can be seen that the ratio of the 2 sections is π/2  (!)

The margin of error is fine, but to be precise;

211.60 x2 / 134.70874 = 3.1415926535 (π)!

And note the ‘squared circle’ of the crossover point/roundabout – a design that found expression in Celtic Cross designs across (Gaelic)Europe in the Christian era; possibly linked to earlier Egyptian Tau crosses, but of great antiquity anyway. The metaphorical meanings of the cross have been explored for as long as they have been used as symbols of the gods in Egypt, and of Jesus in Christianity – meanings centred around the interaction of material and spiritual realities, etc. Also the Celtic cross was descriptive of the instrument developed by neolithic or Iron Age astronomers to calibrate and measure the movement of stars across the horizon during a set period of time; as well as by navigators of sea-vessels who used the cross as an early form of astrolabe, to pinpoint the position of the boat in relation to the stars, and thus locate their position on seas.But it is no surprise to find a representation of the quartered circle reaching all the way back to the Sumerian civilization, for example, as depicted on the emblems of jewellery on the chest of the Assyrian king shown(at the British Museum) on the right.

As the study of cross symbols in antiquity has shown, there are literally thousands of examples on stelae and cylinder seals, in all the different eras and dynasties of Sumer, Assyria and Babylon, as well as many of the cultures of the Near East and Asia, with different meanings ascribed to the cross. Theories exist that some of the first uses of the cross dividing a circle came from the Indus civilization, (found at places such asHarappa, Mohendro-Daro etc c.2600 Bce) and spread westwards via Iran, and Turkmenistan before reaching the Sumerian related cultures, such as the Assyrians from c.1300 Bce, and the Babylonians c.1800-1600Bce, as well as the Kassites of Mesopotamian civilization in  the 2nd millennia Bce. (See – Collon,1982 etc; Possehl,2002;Sommerfield,1995; Meadow,1991,etc). So putting aside different cultural meanings at different times and places of the thousands of years such symbols were used in artworks, it is clear his division of the circle into four is one of the most widespread and ubiquitous of ‘geometric shapes’ with symbolic meanings in many of the early societies of western Asia – (as well, incidentally, as being one of the most prevalent abstract templates of crop circles nowadays!)

It is believed the Assyrian ‘Maltese cross’ as shown here was used often-times to indicate Shamash, the sun-god, a meaning which relates it to the astronomical study of the positions of the sun in the four quarters of the circle of the year, and the four quarters of the compass which characterized early human study of the heavens; a study which likewise was central to the druid class in Britain and western Europe from the 3rd millennium Bce; hence the Celtic cross as antiquity merged into the Christian era.

On an abstract level, this symbolmay be considered to be much akin to the four rivers of Eden stemming from a central point;  symbolisingin this way the expression of the energies of the higher dimensions as they enter the four quarters of the compass of material reality…

“And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads” (Genesis 2.10).

And as we see in the Sacred Geometry section, the Tempalr cross was similar to the squared circle, while the ‘Maltese/ Knights Hospitaller cross’ design is easily extended into the shape of the squared circle;archetypal symbol of the marriage of energy and matter, or the diffusion of higher energies throughout the Earth.

Thusanother strangely coincidentalfactin this study of England (and Britain) related to these geometrically derived lines is found;‘facts’which may ultimately mean nothing, or may potentially indicate the structures of the material plane are indeed somehow created or shaped by energetic ‘dynamics’; higher energetic pathways,patterns,or functions which are little known or understood; but appear to be linked essentially to the many subject(s) of Cosmic number, and to the world we live in today.

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